Order of the British Empire

Most Excellent
Order of the British Empire
CBE AEAColl.jpg
CBE neck decoration (in civil division)
Awarded by the sovereign of the United Kingdom
Type Order of chivalry
Established 1917
Motto For God and the Empire
Eligibility British nationals, or anyone who has made a significant achievement for the United Kingdom
Awarded for Prominent national or regional achievements [1]
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
Grand Master Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Grades Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GBE)
Knight/Dame Commander (KBE/DBE)
Commander (CBE)
Officer (OBE)
Member (MBE)
Former grades Medal of the Order of the British Empire for Gallantry
Medal of the Order of the British Empire for Meritorious Service
Precedence
Next (higher) Royal Victorian Order
Next (lower) Varies, depending on rank
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png
Military ribbon
Order of the British Empire (Civil) Ribbon.png
Civil ribbon
MBE as awarded in 1918
Grand Cross star of the Order of the British Empire
Close-up of an MBE from 1945 showing the "For God and the Empire"
Lieutenant General Sir Robert Fulton, KBE

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service. [2] It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V, and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. [3] There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were at first made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions of the Empire (later Commonwealth) and the Viceroy of India. Nominations continue today from Commonwealth countries that participate in recommending British (Imperial) honours. Most Commonwealth countries, such as India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Canada ceased recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire when they created their own honours. [4]

Current classes

The five classes of appointment to the Order are, in descending order of precedence:

  1. Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (GBE) [a]
  2. Knight Commander or Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE or DBE)
  3. Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)
  4. Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE)
  5. Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Ordo Imperium Britania