Ohio

State of Ohio
Flag of OhioState seal of Ohio
FlagSeal
Nickname(s): The Buckeye State;
Birthplace of Aviation; The Heart of It All
Motto(s): With God, all things are possible
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
Spoken languagesEnglish 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%[1]
DemonymOhioan; Buckeye[2] (colloq.)
Capital
(and largest city)
Columbus[3][4]
Largest metroGreater Cincinnati
Greater Columbus
(see footnotes [5])
AreaRanked 34th
 • Total44,825 sq mi
(116,096 km2)
 • Width220 miles (355 km)
 • Length220 miles (355 km)
 • % water8.7
 • Latitude38° 24′ N to 41° 59′ N
 • Longitude80° 31′ W to 84° 49′ W
PopulationRanked 7th
 • Total11,658,609 (2017 est.)[6]
 • Density282/sq mi  (109/km2)
Ranked 10th
 • Median household income$53,301[7] (32nd)
Elevation
 • Highest pointCampbell Hill[8][9]
1,549 ft (472 m)
 • Mean850 ft  (260 m)
 • Lowest pointOhio River at Indiana border[8][9]
455 ft (139 m)
Admission to UnionMarch 1, 1803[10] (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953[11])
GovernorJohn Kasich (R)
Lieutenant GovernorMary Taylor (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsSherrod Brown (D)
Rob Portman (R)
U.S. House delegation11 Republicans
4 Democrats
1 Vacant (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166US-OH
Abbreviations[12]
Websitewww.ohio.gov
Ohio state symbols
Flag of Ohio.svg
Seal of Ohio (Official).svg
Living insignia
AmphibianSpotted salamander
BirdCardinal (1933)[13]
FlowerRed carnation (1904)[13]
InsectLadybug (1975)[13]
MammalWhite-tailed deer (1987)[13]
ReptileBlack racer snake (1995)[13]
TreeBuckeye (1953)[13]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageTomato juice (1965)[13]
FossilIsotelus maximus, a trilobite (1985)[13]
GemstoneOhio flint (1965)[13]
Motto"With God all things are possible." (1959)[14]
SloganSo Much to Discover
Song"Beautiful Ohio" (1969)[13]
"Hang On Sloopy" (1985)[15]
OtherWild flower: Great white trillium (1986)[13]
Fruit: Pawpaw
State route marker
Ohio state route marker
State quarter
Ohio quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Ohio / (About this sound listen) is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, and the 10th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

The state takes its name from the Ohio River. The name originated from the Seneca language word ohiːyo', meaning "great river" or "large creek".[16][17][18] Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state (and the first under the Northwest Ordinance) on March 1, 1803.[10][19] Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".[2]

The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor; the legislative branch, which comprises the Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state Supreme Court. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives.[20] Ohio is known for its status as both a swing state[21] and a bellwether[21] in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected who had Ohio as their home state.

Etymology

Ohio derives from Seneca (an Iroquois language) as their name for the Ohio River/ Alleghany River, Ohi:yo. This is pronounced "Oh-hee-yoh," with the i sound being held an extra second. Folk etymology claims that this translates as "Beautiful River," however it appears that the word can be broken down as "O-" (pronoun prefix. Translates as "it" & implies that whatever is about to follow it is considered a permanent condition of the item), "Hih" (verb. to spill) & "Gihedenyo" (noun. creek, stream).[22] That being said, the most sensible translation ought to be "Continuously-spilling Creek," or "Continuously-giving creek." The word for "creek" is used instead of "river" since it still flows into a larger river, the Mississippi.

The common accent of Ohio shifts regularly, so there are multiple different accepted ways of saying Ohio that have been common throughout the last century, such as "Oh-hai-yuh," "Uh-hai-yoh," & "Uh-hai-yuh." The most recent shift that is beginning to surface sounds something along the lines of "wh-hai-yuh."[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ohio
አማርኛ: ኦሃዮ
Ænglisc: Ohio
العربية: أوهايو
aragonés: Ohio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܘܗܐܝܘ
arpetan: Ohio
asturianu: Ohio
Avañe'ẽ: Ohio
Aymar aru: Ohio suyu
azərbaycanca: Ohayo
বাংলা: ওহাইও
Bân-lâm-gú: Ohio
башҡортса: Огайо
беларуская: Агая
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Агаё
भोजपुरी: ओहायो
Bikol Central: Ohio
Bislama: Ohio
български: Охайо
Boarisch: Ohio
བོད་ཡིག: ཨོ་ཧེའོ།
bosanski: Ohio
brezhoneg: Ohio
буряад: Оһайо
català: Ohio
Чӑвашла: Огайо (штат)
Cebuano: Ohio (estado)
čeština: Ohio
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ohio
corsu: Ohio
Cymraeg: Ohio
dansk: Ohio
davvisámegiella: Ohio
Deitsch: Ohio
Deutsch: Ohio
Diné bizaad: Bįįhtó Hahoodzo
eesti: Ohio
Ελληνικά: Οχάιο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ohio
español: Ohio
Esperanto: Ohio
euskara: Ohio
فارسی: اوهایو
Fiji Hindi: Ohio
føroyskt: Ohio
français: Ohio
Frysk: Ohio
Gaeilge: Ohio
Gaelg: Ohio
Gagauz: Ohio
Gàidhlig: Ohio
galego: Ohio
گیلکی: اؤهايؤ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ohio
хальмг: Охайо
한국어: 오하이오 주
Hawaiʻi: ‘Ohaio
Հայերեն: Օհայո
हिन्दी: ओहायो
hornjoserbsce: Ohio
hrvatski: Ohio
Ido: Ohio
Igbo: Ohaïyo
Ilokano: Ohio
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ওহাইও
Bahasa Indonesia: Ohio
interlingua: Ohio
Interlingue: Ohio
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐅᓵᐃᐅ
Iñupiak: Ohio
Ирон: Огайо
íslenska: Ohio
italiano: Ohio
עברית: אוהיו
Basa Jawa: Ohio
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಒಹಾಯೊ
Kapampangan: Ohio
ქართული: ოჰაიო
қазақша: Огайо
kernowek: Ohio
Kiswahili: Ohio
Kreyòl ayisyen: Owayo
kurdî: Ohio
кырык мары: Огайо (штат)
Ladino: Ohio
لۊری شومالی: اوهایو
Latina: Ohium
latviešu: Ohaio (štats)
Lëtzebuergesch: Ohio
lietuvių: Ohajas
Ligure: Ohio
Limburgs: Ohio
la .lojban.: o'aios
lumbaart: Ohio
magyar: Ohio
मैथिली: ओहायो
македонски: Охајо
Malagasy: Ohio
മലയാളം: ഒഹായോ
Māori: Ohio
मराठी: ओहायो
მარგალური: ოჰაიოშ შტატი
مصرى: اوهايو
مازِرونی: اوهایو
Bahasa Melayu: Ohio
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ohio
монгол: Охайо
Nāhuatl: Ohio
Dorerin Naoero: Ohio
Nederlands: Ohio (staat)
नेपाली: ओहायो
नेपाल भाषा: ओहायो
日本語: オハイオ州
нохчийн: Огайо
Nordfriisk: Ohio
norsk: Ohio
norsk nynorsk: Ohio
occitan: Ohio
олык марий: Огайо
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ogayo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਓਹਾਇਓ
पालि: ओहायो
پنجابی: اوہائیو
Papiamentu: Ohio
Piemontèis: Ohio
Plattdüütsch: Ohio
polski: Ohio
português: Ohio
Ripoarisch: Ohio (Bundesstaat)
română: Ohio
rumantsch: Ohio
Runa Simi: Ohio suyu
русский: Огайо
саха тыла: Огайо
संस्कृतम्: ओहायो
sardu: Ohio
Scots: Ohio
Seeltersk: Ohio
shqip: Ohio
sicilianu: Ohio
Simple English: Ohio
slovenčina: Ohio
slovenščina: Ohio
ślůnski: Ohio
کوردی: ئۆھایۆ
српски / srpski: Охајо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ohio
suomi: Ohio
svenska: Ohio
Tagalog: Ohio
தமிழ்: ஒகையோ
Taqbaylit: Ohio
татарча/tatarça: Оһайо (штат)
тоҷикӣ: Оҳайо
Türkçe: Ohio
українська: Огайо
اردو: اوہائیو
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Oxayo Shtati
vèneto: Ohio
Tiếng Việt: Ohio
Volapük: Ohio
文言: 俄亥俄州
Winaray: Ohio
ייִדיש: אהאיא
Yorùbá: Ohio
粵語: 俄亥俄州
Zazaki: Ohio
Zeêuws: Ohio
žemaitėška: Ohajos
中文: 俄亥俄州
Kabɩyɛ: Ohiyo
Lingua Franca Nova: Ohio