October

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Maple leaf in October.

October is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October retained its name (from the Latin ôctō meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October 5, Meditrinalia October 11, Augustalia on October 12, October Horse on October 15, and Armilustrium on October 19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Among the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as Winterfylleth, because at this full moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.[1]

October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere and with spring in the Southern hemisphere.

October observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances: 2018 dates

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Month-long observances

United Kingdom

United States

The last two to three weeks in October (and, occasionally, the first week of November) are the only time of the year during which each of the "Big Four" major North American professional sports leagues schedule games; the National Basketball Association begins its preseason and about two weeks later starts the regular season, the National Hockey League is about one month into its regular season, the National Football League is about halfway through its regular season, and Major League Baseball is in its postseason with the League Championship Series and World Series. There have been 17 occasions in which all four leagues have played games on the same day (an occurrence popularly termed a "sports equinox"), with the most recent of these having taken place on October 19, 2017.[7] Additionally, the Canadian Football League is typically nearing the end of its regular season during this period, while Major League Soccer is beginning the MLS Cup Playoffs.

United States, Health-related
United States, Culinary

Movable observances, 2018 dates

First Monday: October 1

First Tuesday: October 2

First Wednesday: October 3

First Thursday: October 4

First Friday: October 5

First Full Week: October 7-13

First Sunday: October 7

Week of October 9: October 7-13

Week of October 10: October 7-13

Second Monday: October 8

Second Wednesday: October 10

Second Thursday: October 11

Second Friday: October 12

Second Saturday: October 13

Second Sunday: October 14

Third Monday: October 15

Wednesday of second full week in October: October 17

Third Thursday: October 18

Third Saturday: October 20

Week of Fourth Wednesday: October 21-27

Third Sunday: October 21

Second to last Sunday: October 21

Fourth Monday: October 22

Fourth Wednesday: October 24

Last Friday: October 26

Fourth Saturday: October 27

Saturday closest to October 26: October 27

Last Sunday: October 28

Last Monday: October 29

Fixed observances

A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween
Halloween pumpkins
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oktober
Alemannisch: Oktober
አማርኛ: ኦክቶበር
Ænglisc: Winterfylleþ
Аҧсшәа: Жьҭаара
العربية: أكتوبر
aragonés: Octubre
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܬܫܪܝܢ ܐ
armãneashti: Sumedru
arpetan: Octobro
অসমীয়া: অক্টোবৰ
asturianu: Ochobre
Atikamekw: Namekosi pisimw
Avañe'ẽ: Jasypa
авар: Октябр
azərbaycanca: Oktyabr
বাংলা: অক্টোবর
Bahasa Banjar: Uktubir
Bân-lâm-gú: 10 goe̍h
башҡортса: Октябрь
беларуская: Кастрычнік
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кастрычнік
भोजपुरी: अक्टूबर
Bikol Central: Oktobre
български: Октомври
Boarisch: Oktoba
bosanski: Oktobar
brezhoneg: Here
català: Octubre
Чӑвашла: Юпа уйăхĕ
Cebuano: Oktubre
čeština: Říjen
chiTumbuka: Okutobala
corsu: Ottobre
Cymraeg: Hydref
dansk: Oktober
davvisámegiella: Golggotmánnu
Deitsch: Oktower
Deutsch: Oktober
ދިވެހިބަސް: އޮކްޓޫބަރު
dolnoserbski: Oktober
eesti: Oktoober
Ελληνικά: Οκτώβριος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Otòber
эрзянь: Ожоков
español: Octubre
Esperanto: Oktobro
estremeñu: Outubri
euskara: Urri
eʋegbe: Kele
فارسی: اکتبر
Fiji Hindi: October
føroyskt: Oktober
français: Octobre
Frysk: Oktober
furlan: Otubar
Gagauz: Canavar ay
Gàidhlig: An Dàmhair
galego: Outubro
贛語: 十月
ગુજરાતી: ઓક્ટોબર
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 10-ngie̍t
хальмг: Хулһан сар
한국어: 10월
Hausa: Oktoba
Hawaiʻi: ‘Okakopa
հայերեն: Հոկտեմբեր
हिन्दी: अक्टूबर
hornjoserbsce: Oktober
hrvatski: Listopad
Ido: Oktobro
Igbo: October
Ilokano: Oktubre
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অক্টোবর
Bahasa Indonesia: Oktober
interlingua: Octobre
Interlingue: Octobre
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐅᒃᑐᐳᕆ
Ирон: Октябрь
isiXhosa: Eyedwarha
íslenska: Október
italiano: Ottobre
עברית: אוקטובר
Basa Jawa: Oktober
kalaallisut: Oktoberi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಕ್ಟೋಬರ್
Kapampangan: Octubri
ქართული: ოქტომბერი
kaszëbsczi: Pazdzérznik
қазақша: Қазан
kernowek: Mis Hedra
Kinyarwanda: Ukwakira
Kiswahili: Oktoba
Kreyòl ayisyen: Oktòb
kurdî: Kewçêr
кырык мары: Октябрь
Ladino: Oktubre
лакку: Октябрь
лезги: Октябрь
ລາວ: ຕຸລາ
latgaļu: Leita mieness
Latina: October
latviešu: Oktobris
Lëtzebuergesch: Oktober
lietuvių: Spalis
Ligure: Ottobre
Limburgs: Oktober
Livvinkarjala: Ligakuu
lumbaart: Utuber
magyar: Október
मैथिली: अक्टुबर
македонски: Октомври
Malagasy: Oktobra
മലയാളം: ഒക്ടോബർ
Malti: Ottubru
მარგალური: გჷმათუთა
مصرى: اكتوبر
Bahasa Melayu: Oktober
Baso Minangkabau: Oktober
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 10 nguŏk
мокшень: Кельмазаков
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အောက်တိုဘာ
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Okotova
Nederlands: Oktober
Nedersaksies: Oktober
नेपाली: अक्टोबर
नेपाल भाषा: अक्टोबर
日本語: 10月
Napulitano: Ottovre
нохчийн: Октябрь
Nordfriisk: Oktuuber
Norfuk / Pitkern: Oktoeba
norsk: Oktober
norsk nynorsk: Oktober
Nouormand: Octobre
Novial: Oktobre
occitan: Octòbre
олык марий: Шыжа (тылзе)
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଅକ୍ଟୋବର
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oktabr
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਕਤੂਬਰ
Pangasinan: October
پنجابی: اکتوبر
پښتو: اکتوبر
Перем Коми: Октяб
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខែតុលា
Piemontèis: Otóber
Tok Pisin: Oktoba
Plattdüütsch: Oktober
polski: Październik
Ποντιακά: Τρυγομηνάς
português: Outubro
Qaraqalpaqsha: Oktyabr
qırımtatarca: Oktâbr
Ripoarisch: Oktoober
română: Octombrie
Runa Simi: Kantaray killa
русиньскый: Октобер
русский: Октябрь
саха тыла: Алтынньы
Gagana Samoa: Oketopa
संस्कृतम्: अक्तूबर
sardu: Santuaine
Scots: October
Sesotho sa Leboa: Diphalane
shqip: Tetori
sicilianu: Uttùviru
සිංහල: ඔක්තෝබර්
Simple English: October
سنڌي: آڪٽوبر
SiSwati: ÍMphala
slovenčina: Október
slovenščina: Oktober
ślůnski: Paźdźerńik
Soomaaliga: Oktoobar
српски / srpski: Октобар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Oktobar
Basa Sunda: Oktober
suomi: Lokakuu
svenska: Oktober
Tagalog: Oktubre
தமிழ்: அக்டோபர்
Taqbaylit: Tuber
tarandíne: Ottommre
татарча/tatarça: Октябрь
తెలుగు: అక్టోబర్
tetun: Outubru
тоҷикӣ: Октябр
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏚᏂᏃᏗ
Türkçe: Ekim
Türkmençe: Oktýabr
тыва дыл: Он ай
удмурт: Коньывуон
українська: Жовтень
اردو: اکتوبر
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئوغۇز
Vahcuengh: 10 nyied
vèneto: Otobre
vepsän kel’: Reduku
Tiếng Việt: Tháng mười
Volapük: Tobul
Võro: Rehekuu
walon: Octôbe
West-Vlams: Oktober
Winaray: Oktubre
Wolof: Oktoobar
吴语: 10月
Xitsonga: Nhlangula
ייִדיש: אקטאבער
粵語: 10月
žemaitėška: Spalis
中文: 10月
Bahasa Hulontalo: Oktober
ГӀалгӀай: АьрхIий бутт
Kabɩyɛ: Aloma fenaɣ