Oceania

Oceania
An orthographic projection of geopolitical Oceania
Area8,525,989 km2 (3,291,903 sq mi)
Population40,117,432 (2016, 6th)[1]
Population density4.19/km2 (10.9/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)$1.468 trillion (2016, 6th)
GDP per capita$37,107 (2015, 2nd)[2]
DemonymOceanian
Countries
Dependencies
Languages
Time zonesUTC+14 (Kiribati) to UTC-11 (American Samoa and Niue) (West to East)
Largest cities

Oceania (UK: n-/, US: ə/ (About this soundlisten), n-/)[3] is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.[4] Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

The islands at the geographic extremes of Oceania are Bonin Islands, a politically integral part of Japan; Hawaii, a state of the United States; Clipperton Island, a possession of France; the Juan Fernández Islands, belonging to Chile; and the Campbell Islands, belonging to New Zealand. Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index,[5][6] to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as of Kiribati and Tuvalu,[7] while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga.[8] The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, with Sydney being the largest city of both Oceania and Australia.[9]

The first settlers of Australia, New Guinea, and the large islands just to the east arrived between 50,000 and 30,000 years ago. Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward. Portuguese navigators, between 1512 and 1526, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea. On his first voyage in the 18th century, James Cook, who later arrived at the highly developed Hawaiian Islands, went to Tahiti and followed the east coast of Australia for the first time.[10] The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between Allied powers the United States and Australia, and Axis power Japan.

The arrival of European settlers in subsequent centuries resulted in a significant alteration in the social and political landscape of Oceania. In more contemporary times there has been increasing discussion on national flags and a desire by some Oceanians to display their distinguishable andindividualistic identity.[11] The rock art of Australian Aborigines is the longest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world.[12] Puncak Jaya in Papua is often considered the highest peak in Oceania.[13] Most Oceanian countries have a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, with tourism being a large source of income for the Pacific Islands nations.[14]

Definitions

Regions of Oceania

The geographer Conrad Malte-Brun coined the French term Océanie c. 1812.[15] Océanie derives from the Latin word oceanus, and this from the Greek word ὠκεανός (ōkeanós), "ocean". Natives and inhabitants of this region are called[by whom?] Oceanians or Oceanicans.[16] The term Oceania is used because, unlike the other continental groupings, it is the ocean that links the parts of the region together.[17][need quotation to verify]

Other Languages
Acèh: Oseania
Адыгэбзэ: Океаниэ
Afrikaans: Oseanië
Alemannisch: Ozeanien
አማርኛ: ኦሺያኒያ
العربية: أوقيانوسيا
aragonés: Oceanía
armãneashti: Oceania
arpetan: Ocèanie
অসমীয়া: ওচেনিয়া
asturianu: Oceanía
Avañe'ẽ: Oseanía
azərbaycanca: Okeaniya
تۆرکجه: اوقیانوسیه
bamanankan: Oseania
বাংলা: ওশেনিয়া
Bahasa Banjar: Oseania
Bân-lâm-gú: Tāi-iûⁿ-chiu
башҡортса: Океания
беларуская: Акіянія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Акіянія
भोजपुरी: ओशेनिया
Bikol Central: Oceanya
Bislama: Oceania
български: Океания
bosanski: Okeanija
brezhoneg: Okeania
буряад: Океани
català: Oceania
Чӑвашла: Океани
Cebuano: Oseyaniya
čeština: Oceánie
chiShona: Oceania
corsu: Uceania
Cymraeg: Oceania
dansk: Oceanien
davvisámegiella: Oseania
Deutsch: Ozeanien
dolnoserbski: Oceanija
डोटेली: ओशिनिया
eesti: Okeaania
Ελληνικά: Ωκεανία
español: Oceanía
Esperanto: Oceanio
estremeñu: Oceania
euskara: Ozeania
فارسی: اقیانوسیه
Fiji Hindi: Oceania
føroyskt: Osiania
français: Océanie
Frysk: Oseaanje
Fulfulde: Oseyaaniya
furlan: Oceanie
Gaeilge: An Aigéine
Gagauz: Okeaniya
galego: Oceanía
ГӀалгӀай: Океани
贛語: 大洋洲
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍉𐌺𐌴𐌰𐌽𐌹𐌰
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thai-yòng-chû
한국어: 오세아니아
հայերեն: Օվկիանիա
हिन्दी: ओशिआनिया
hornjoserbsce: Oceanija
hrvatski: Oceanija
Ido: Oceania
Ilokano: Oceania
Bahasa Indonesia: Oseania
interlingua: Oceania
Interlingue: Oceania
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐅᓯᐋᓂᐊ
Ирон: Океани
isiXhosa: Oceania
isiZulu: I-Osheaniya
íslenska: Eyjaálfa
italiano: Oceania
עברית: אוקיאניה
Basa Jawa: Oséania
kalaallisut: Oceania
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಒಷ್ಯಾನಿಯ
къарачай-малкъар: Океания
ქართული: ოკეანეთი
қазақша: Океания
kernowek: Oceania
Kinyarwanda: Oseyaniya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Oseyani
kurdî: Okyanûsya
Кыргызча: Океания
кырык мары: Океани
Ladino: Oseania
Latina: Oceania
latviešu: Okeānija
Lëtzebuergesch: Ozeanien
лезги: Океания
lietuvių: Okeanija
Ligure: Oçeania
Limburgs: Oceanië
lingála: Oseanía
Lingua Franca Nova: Oseania
Livvinkarjala: Okeanii
la .lojban.: poltu'a
lumbaart: Uceania
magyar: Óceánia
मैथिली: ओसिनिया
македонски: Океанија
Malagasy: Oseania
മലയാളം: ഓഷ്യാനിയ
Malti: Oċeanja
Māori: Ao-o-Kiwa
मराठी: ओशनिया
მარგალური: ოკიანეთი
Bahasa Melayu: Oceania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dâi-iòng-ciŭ
Mirandés: Ouceanie
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အိုရှန်းနီးယား
Nederlands: Oceanië
नेपाली: ओशिनिया
नेपाल भाषा: ओसेनिया
日本語: オセアニア
Napulitano: Oceania
нохчийн: Океани
Nordfriisk: Oseåånien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Oceania
norsk: Oseania
norsk nynorsk: Oseania
Nouormand: Ochéannie
Novial: Oseania
occitan: Oceania
олык марий: Океаний
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଓସେନିଆ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Okeaniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਓਸ਼ੇਨੀਆ
پنجابی: اوشیانا
Patois: Uoshania
Перем Коми: Океания
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អូសេអានី
Picard: Ochéanie
Piemontèis: Osseania
Tok Pisin: Osenia
Plattdüütsch: Ozeanien
polski: Oceania
Ποντιακά: Ωκεανίαν
português: Oceania
Qaraqalpaqsha: Okeaniya
qırımtatarca: Avstraliya ve Okeaniya
reo tahiti: Oteania
română: Oceania
rumantsch: Oceania
Runa Simi: Usiyanya
русиньскый: Океанія
русский: Океания
саха тыла: Океания
Gagana Samoa: Oseania
संस्कृतम्: ओशीनिया
sardu: Otzeània
Scots: Oceanie
Seeltersk: Ozeanien
Sesotho sa Leboa: Oceania
shqip: Oqeania
sicilianu: Oceania
Simple English: Oceania
slovenčina: Oceánia (ostrovy)
slovenščina: Oceanija
ślůnski: Uoceańijo
Soomaaliga: Ooshiyaaniya
Sranantongo: Oseyaniya
српски / srpski: Океанија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Oceanija
Basa Sunda: Oséania
suomi: Oseania
svenska: Oceanien
Tagalog: Oceania
Taqbaylit: Tukyanust
tarandíne: Oceanie
татарча/tatarça: Океанлык
తెలుగు: ఓషియానియా
tetun: Oseánia
тоҷикӣ: Уқёнусия
Türkçe: Okyanusya
Türkmençe: Okeaniýa
українська: Океанія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئوكيانىيە
Vahcuengh: Dayangzcouh
vèneto: Osèania
vepsän kel’: Valdmerimad
Tiếng Việt: Châu Đại Dương
Volapük: Seanop
Võro: Okõaania
文言: 大洋洲
West-Vlams: Oceanië
Winaray: Oceania
Wolof: Oseyaani
吴语: 大洋洲
Xitsonga: Oxiyeniya
ייִדיש: אקעאניע
Yorùbá: Oṣéáníà
粵語: 大洋洲
Zazaki: Okyanusya
Zeêuws: Oceanië
žemaitėška: Okeanėjė
中文: 大洋洲