Occitanie

Occitanie

Occitània
Flag of Occitanie
Flag
Coat of arms of Occitanie
Coat of arms
Occitanie in France 2016.svg
Country France
PrefectureToulouse
Departments
Government
 • PresidentCarole Delga (Socialist Party)
Area
 • Total72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi)
Population
(2015)
 • Total5,774,185
 • Density79/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Occitanie (French: [ɔksitani] (About this soundlisten); Occitan: Occitània [utsiˈtanjɔ]; Catalan: Occitània [uksiˈtaniə]) or Occitania[1] is an administrative region of France that was created on January 1, 2016 from the former French regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. France's Conseil d'État approved Occitanie as the new name of the region on September 28, 2016, coming into effect on September 30, 2016.[2]

The modern administrative region is named after the cultural and historical region of Occitania, which covers a larger area. The region as it is today covers a territory similar to that ruled by the Counts of Toulouse in the 12th and 13th centuries. The banner of arms of the Counts of Toulouse, known colloquially as the Occitan cross, is used by the modern region and is also a popular cultural symbol.

The new region covers an area of more than 72,724 km2 (28,079 sq mi), and has a population of 5,626,858.[3] It borders Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Andorra (Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Ordino) and Spain (Aragon and Catalonia)

The historic cultural area of Occitania
The County of Toulouse in 1154 (shown in blue)

Toponymy

Enacted in 2014, the territorial reform of the French regions had been subject to debate for many years.[4]

The reform law used as the new region's provisional name the hyphenated names of its predecessors: Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées, in alphabetical order. As for most of the merged regions, a permanent name was then proposed by the new regional council to replace that provisional name.[5][6][7] On June 24, 2016, the regional assembly of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées adopted the name Occitanie after lengthy public consultation.[8] The provisional name of the region was withdrawn on September 30, 2016, when the new name took effect.[2]

Occitanie, the new name, derives from the historical appellation of the broader region, and refers to the historical use throughout that territory of the Occitan language and its various dialects, which are so named for the word òc, the equivalent of "yes".

The c. 450,000 French Catalans living in the region (or Catalans of the North, as they mostly call themselves) expressed dismay at the regional assembly resolution, regarding the new name as ignoring their presence.[9] On September 10, 2016, some 10,000 people (7,800 according to the police) demonstrated in Perpignan, demanding that the merged region name contain the words Pays Catalan (Catalan land).[10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oksitanië
Alemannisch: Region Okzitanien
العربية: أوسيتاني
azərbaycanca: Oksitaniya (region)
تۆرکجه: اکسیتنی
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аксытанія (рэгіён)
български: Окситания
Cebuano: Occitanie
dansk: Occitanie
فارسی: اکسیتنی
한국어: 옥시타니
հայերեն: Օկսիտանիա
Bahasa Indonesia: Ositania (region)
Latina: Occitania
Lëtzebuergesch: Occitanie
Limburgs: Occitanië
Nederlands: Occitanie
Nordfriisk: Oksitaanien
norsk: Occitanie
Scots: Occitanie
shqip: Oksitania
Simple English: Occitanie
српски / srpski: Окситанија
suomi: Occitanie
Türkçe: Occitanie
українська: Окситанія (регіон)
Tiếng Việt: Occitanie
West-Vlams: Occitanie
Winaray: Occitanie
粵語: 奧斯坦尼