Occitan Valleys

Map of the Occitan Valleys.
A. Communes that declared to be Occitan-speaking according to the Italian law 482/99[1]
B. Communes that declared to be partly Occitan-speaking according to the Italian law 482/99
C. Communes of the valleys that did not declared to be Occitan-speaking according to the Italian law 482/99
D. Communes that declared to be Francoprovençal-speaking according to the Italian law 482/99[2]
E. Communes that declared to be French-speaking according to the Italian law 482/99[3]
Other boundaries
F. Italian communes of the Marquisate of Dolceacqua and other dependencies of the County of Nice[4]
G. Approximative boundary of the Occitan valleys[5]
H. Boundary of Occitan language according to IRES of Piedmont, where it differs from G[6]
I. Boundary of the Occitan-language according to the IEO, where it differs from G[7]
J. Northern boundary of the brigasc-royasc area
K. Approximative boundary of the Occitan language
L. Approximative boundary of the Old Occitan[8]
M. Eastern boundary of the county of Nice
N. Eastern boundary of the department of Alpes-Maritimes (1793-1814)
O. Eastern boundary of the province of Nice (1859-1860)]
P. Eastern boundary of non diphtongation [9]
Q. Eastern boundary of /bew/ vs /biw/ [10]

The Occitan Valleys (Occitan: Valadas Occitanas, Italian: Valli Occitane, French: Vallées Occitanes) are the part of Occitania (the territory of the Occitan language) within the borders of Italy.It is a mountainous region in the southern Alps. Most of its valleys are oriented eastward and descend toward the plains of Piedmont.

The area has a population of 174,476 inhabitants (July, 2013).Its major towns are Lo Borg Sant Dalmatz (Borgo San Dalmazzo), Buscha (Busca), Boves (Bueves) and Draonier (Dronero).

The Occitan linguistic enclave of La Gàrdia (Guardia Piemontese) in Calabria does not belong to the Occitan Valleys.

A 1999 Italian law ("Law 482") provides for the protection of linguistic minorities, including Occitan.[11]

Communities with clear Occitan presence before the 482/99 Act

These are the villages where an autochthonous Provençal-speaking community has surely settled and may still speak the language. Around 35% of the population (stats by Enrico Allasino, IRES 2005 and IRES Piemonte no.113/2007) declared to be able to speak or understand the local Provençal language, with various levels of proficiency. By the way Italian and Piemontese are spoken by the majority of the people in the area, and the patois is much influenced by both the other two languages.

Val d'Ors Upper Susa Valley
Bardonescha Bardonecchia
Cesana Cesana Torinese
Chaumont Chiomonte
Las Clavieras Claviere
Exilhas Exilles
Ols or Ors Oulx
Salbertrand Salbertrand
Lo Grand Sauze Sauze di Cesana
Lo Sauze (d'Ors) Sauze d'Oulx
La Sestriera Sestriere
Val Cluson Alta Val Chisone
Finoistrèlas Fenestrelle
Praamòl Pramollo
Prajalats Pragelato
Lo Rore Roure
Usseaus Usseaux
Val Sant Martin
Val Sopata
Val Germanasca
Pomaret Pomaretto
Massèl Massello
Lo Perier Perrero
Praal Prali
Salsa Salza di Pinerolo
Val Pèlis Val Pellice
Angrònha Angrogna
Buèbi Bobbio Pellice
La Tor Torre Pellice
Lo Vialar Villar Pellice
Val Pò Alta Valle Po
Ostana Ostana
Val Varacha Val Varaita
Blins Bellino
Chastèldalfin Casteldelfino
Fraisse Frassino
Lo Mèl Melle
Pont e la Chanal Pontechianale
Sant Pèire Sampeyre
Valmala Valmala
Venascha Venasca
Val Maira Val Maira
Acelh Acceglio
"Cartinhan" Cartignano
Chanuelhas Canosio
Cèlas Celle di Macra
Elva Elva
L'Arma Macra
La Màrmol Marmora
Prats Prazzo
San Dumian San Damiano Macra
Estròp Stroppo
Val Grana Valle Grana
Chastèlmanh Castelmagno
Montrós Monterosso Grana
Pradievi Pradleves
Val d'Estura Valle Stura
Aison Aisone
L'Argentiera Argentera
Demont Demonte
Pèirapuerc Pietraporzio
La Ròca Roccasparvera
Sambuc Sambuco
Vinai Vinadio
Val Ges Valle Gesso
Entraigas Entracque
Roascha Roaschia
Vaudier Valdieri
Val Vermenanha Val Vermenagna
Limon Limone Piemonte
Robilant Robilante
Lou Vernant Vernante
Other Languages