Novel

  • a novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. the present english word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new".[1] walter scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents".[2] however, many such romances, including the historical romances of scott,[3] emily brontë's wuthering heights[4] and herman melville's moby-dick,[5] are also frequently called novels, and scott describes romance as a "kindred term". this sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel. other european languages do not distinguish between romance and novel: "a novel is le roman, der roman, il romanzo, en roman."[6] most european languages use the word "romance" (as in french, dutch, russian, slovene, serbo-croatian, romanian, danish, swedish and norwegian "roman"; finnish "romaani"; german "roman"; portuguese "romance" and italian "romanzo") for extended narratives.

    the novel constitutes "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years",[7] with its origins in classical greece and rome, in medieval and early modern romance, and in the tradition of the italian renaissance novella. (since the 18th century, the term "novella", or "novelle" in german, has been used in english and other european languages to describe a long short story or a short novel.)

    murasaki shikibu's tale of genji, an early 11th-century japanese text, has sometimes been described as the world's first novel, but there is considerable debate over this — there were certainly long fictional works much earlier. spread of printed books in china led to the appearance of classical chinese novels by the ming dynasty (1368–1644). parallel european developments occurred after the invention of the printing press. miguel de cervantes, author of don quixote (the first part of which was published in 1605), is frequently cited as the first significant european novelist of the modern era.[8] ian watt, in the rise of the novel (1957), suggested that the modern novel was born in the early 18th century.

  • defining the genre
  • early novels
  • medieval period 1100–1500
  • renaissance period: 1500–1700
  • 18th century novels
  • 19th century novels
  • the 20th century and later
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, normally written in prose form, and which is typically published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the Italian novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new".[1] Walter Scott made a distinction between the novel, in which (as he saw it) "events are accommodated to the ordinary train of human events and the modern state of society" and the romance, which he defined as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents".[2] However, many such romances, including the historical romances of Scott,[3] Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights[4] and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick,[5] are also frequently called novels, and Scott describes romance as a "kindred term". This sort of romance is in turn different from the genre fiction love romance or romance novel. Other European languages do not distinguish between romance and novel: "a novel is le roman, der Roman, il romanzo, en roman."[6] Most European languages use the word "romance" (as in French, Dutch, Russian, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian, Romanian, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian "roman"; Finnish "romaani"; German "Roman"; Portuguese "romance" and Italian "romanzo") for extended narratives.

The novel constitutes "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years",[7] with its origins in classical Greece and Rome, in medieval and early modern romance, and in the tradition of the Italian renaissance novella. (Since the 18th century, the term "novella", or "novelle" in German, has been used in English and other European languages to describe a long short story or a short novel.)

Murasaki Shikibu's Tale of Genji, an early 11th-century Japanese text, has sometimes been described as the world's first novel, but there is considerable debate over this — there were certainly long fictional works much earlier. Spread of printed books in China led to the appearance of classical Chinese novels by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Parallel European developments occurred after the invention of the printing press. Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote (the first part of which was published in 1605), is frequently cited as the first significant European novelist of the modern era.[8] Ian Watt, in The Rise of the Novel (1957), suggested that the modern novel was born in the early 18th century.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Roman
Alemannisch: Roman
العربية: رواية (أدب)
aragonés: Novela
Արեւմտահայերէն: Վէպ
asturianu: Novela
Avañe'ẽ: Tembiasagua'u
azərbaycanca: Roman
تۆرکجه: رومان
বাংলা: উপন্যাস
башҡортса: Роман
беларуская: Раман
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Раман
भोजपुरी: उपन्यास
Bikol Central: Nobela
български: Роман
bosanski: Roman
brezhoneg: Romant
буряад: Роман
català: Novel·la
Чӑвашла: Роман
čeština: Román
Cymraeg: Nofel
dansk: Roman
Deutsch: Roman
eesti: Romaan
Ελληνικά: Μυθιστόρημα
español: Novela
Esperanto: Romano
euskara: Eleberri
فارسی: رمان
Fiji Hindi: Novel
føroyskt: Skaldsøga
Frysk: Roman
Gaeilge: Úrscéal
Gaelg: Noaskeeal
Gàidhlig: Nobhail
galego: Novela
贛語: 長篇小說
ગુજરાતી: નવલકથા
한국어: 장편 소설
հայերեն: Վեպ
हिन्दी: उपन्यास
hrvatski: Roman
Ido: Romano
Ilokano: Nobela
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: উপন্যাস
Bahasa Indonesia: Novel
íslenska: Skáldsaga
italiano: Romanzo
עברית: רומן
Jawa: Novèl
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಾದಂಬರಿ
ქართული: რომანი
kaszëbsczi: Pòwiesc
қазақша: Роман
kernowek: Romans
Kiswahili: Riwaya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Woman
kriyòl gwiyannen: Roman (litératir)
Кыргызча: Роман
Latina: Mythistoria
latviešu: Romāns
Lëtzebuergesch: Roman
lietuvių: Romanas
Limburgs: Roman
magyar: Regény
македонски: Роман
മലയാളം: നോവൽ
मराठी: कादंबरी
მარგალური: რომანი (პროზა)
مصرى: روايه
مازِرونی: رمان
Bahasa Melayu: Novel
Mirandés: Remanse
монгол: Тууж
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဝတ္ထု
Nederlands: Roman (literatuur)
नेपाली: उपन्यास
日本語: 長編小説
нохчийн: Роман
norsk: Roman
norsk nynorsk: Roman
occitan: Roman
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଉପନ୍ୟାସ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Roman
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਵਲ
پنجابی: ناول
پښتو: ناول
Patois: Navl
Piemontèis: Romanz (literatura)
polski: Powieść
português: Romance
Runa Simi: Kawsay rikch'a
русиньскый: Роман
русский: Роман
саха тыла: Арамаан
Scots: Novelle
shqip: Romani
sicilianu: Rumanzu
සිංහල: නවකතාව
Simple English: Novel
سنڌي: ناول
slovenčina: Román
slovenščina: Roman
کوردی: ڕۆمان
српски / srpski: Роман
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Roman
Sunda: Novel
suomi: Romaani
svenska: Roman
Tagalog: Nobela
Taqbaylit: Ungal
татарча/tatarça: Роман
тоҷикӣ: Роман
Türkçe: Roman
українська: Роман
اردو: ناول
Tiếng Việt: Tiểu thuyết
walon: Roman
Winaray: Nobela
吴语: 长篇小说
ייִדיש: ראמאן
Zazaki: Roman
žemaitėška: Ruomans (literatūra)
中文: 長篇小說