Notre-Dame de Paris fire

Notre-Dame de Paris fire
NotreDame20190415QuaideMontebello (cropped).jpg
From Quai de Montebello with the spire aflame
Notre-Dame Cathedral is located in Paris
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Notre-Dame Cathedral (Paris)
Notre-Dame Cathedral is located in France
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Notre-Dame Cathedral (France)
Date15 April 2019; 7 months ago (2019-04-15)
Time18:20 CEST (16:20 UTC)
Duration15 hours[1]
VenueNotre-Dame Cathedral
LocationParis
Coordinates48°51′11″N 2°20′59″E / 48°51′11″N 2°20′59″E / 48.8530; 2.3498
CauseAccidental
Deaths0[2]
Non-fatal injuries3[3][4]
Property damageRoof and spire destroyed; windows and vaulted ceilings damaged

On 15 April 2019, just before 18:20 CEST, a structure fire broke out beneath the roof of Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral in Paris. By the time it was extinguished, the building's spire and most of its roof had been destroyed and its upper walls severely damaged; extensive damage to the interior was prevented by its stone vaulted ceiling, which largely contained the burning roof as it collapsed. Many works of art and religious relics were moved to safety early in the emergency, but others suffered some smoke damage, and some exterior art was damaged or destroyed. The cathedral's altar, two pipe organs, and its three 13th-century rose windows, suffered little to no damage. Three emergency workers were injured. Contamination of the site and the nearby environment resulted.[5]

President Emmanuel Macron said that the cathedral would be restored, and launched a fundraising campaign which brought in pledges of over €1 billion as of 22 April 2019. A complete restoration could require twenty years or more.

Background

The cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris ("Our Lady of Paris"), part of the "Paris, Banks of the Seine" UNESCO World Heritage Site,[6] was begun in the 12th century. Its walls and interior vaulted ceiling are of stone; its roof and flèche (spire) were of wood (much of it 13th-century oak),[7][8] sheathed in lead[9] to exclude water. The spire was rebuilt several times, most recently in the 19th century.[10][11]

The cathedral's stonework has been severely eroded by years of weather and pollution,[12] and the spire had extensively rotted because fissures in its lead sheathing were admitting water.[13] In 2014, the Ministry of Culture estimated needed renovations at €150 million, and in 2016 the Archdiocese of Paris launched an appeal to raise €100 million over the following five to ten years. At the time of the fire, the spire was undergoing renovation[12][14][15] and scaffolding had been erected over the transept.[16][17]

Extensive attention had been given to the risk of fire at the cathedral. The Paris Fire Brigade drilled regularly to prepare for emergencies there, including on-site exercises in 2018; a firefighter was posted to the cathedral each day; and fire wardens checked conditions beneath the roof three times daily.[18]

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пажар у катэдры Парыскай Божай Маці
Simple English: Notre-Dame de Paris fire
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Požar u katedrali Notre Dame