Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman Corporation
Traded asNOC
S&P 500 Component
IndustryArms industry
  • Northrop Corporation: 1939-1994
  • Grumman Corporation: 1930–1994
Founded1994; 25 years ago (1994)
2980 Fairview Park Drive, West Falls Church, Virginia
Area served
Key people
Kathy J. Warden (President and CEO)[1]
ProductsMilitary aircraft & unmanned aerial vehicles
Military vessels
Missiles & missile defense systems
Autocannons & munitions
Satellites & space
Information technology
Electronic sensors and systems
Rocket launch systems
RevenueIncrease US$30.1 billion (2018)[2]
Increase US$3.78 billion (2018)[2]
Total assetsIncrease US$34.917 billion (2017)[3]
Total equityIncrease US$7.048 billion (2017)[3]
Number of employees
70,000 (2017)[3]

Northrop Grumman Corporation (NOC) is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by Northrop's 1994 purchase of Grumman. The company was the fifth-largest arms trader in the world in 2015 and had reported revenues in excess of $30 billion in 2018.[4][5][2] Northrop Grumman is made up of four main business sectors: Aerospace Systems, Mission Systems, Technology Services and Innovation Systems. The corporate headquarters is located in West Falls Church, Virginia.

Northrop Grumman ranks number 118 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of America's largest corporations.[6] It also ranks in the top ten military-friendly employers and top 50 companies for diversity.[7][8] Northrop Grumman and its industry partners have won the Collier Trophy eight times, most recently for developing the Northrop Grumman X-47B which is the first unmanned, autonomous air system operating from an aircraft carrier.[9] In 2004, Scaled Composites, a subsidiary of Northrop Grumman, won the Collier Trophy for the SpaceShipOne which was successful developed for the first privately financed, built, and flown space vehicle.[9] Northrop Grumman has been the sponsor of the Military Bowl since 2010.[10]

Business sectors

Northrop Grumman is made up of four main business sectors: Aerospace Systems, Mission Systems, Technology Services, and Innovation Systems.[11]

Aerospace Systems

Northrop Grumman manufactured the B-2 Spirit strategic bomber.
A BQM-74 Chukar unmanned aerial drone launches from a US Navy vessel

Aerospace Systems, headquartered in Redondo Beach, California, produces aircraft, spacecraft, high-energy laser systems and microelectronics for the U.S. and other nations. This includes surveillance and reconnaissance, protected communications, intelligence, battle management, strike operations, electronic warfare, and missile defense to Earth observation, space science and space exploration.[12] The B-2 Spirit strategic bomber, the E-8C Joint STARS surveillance aircraft, the RQ-4 Global Hawk, and the T-38 Talon supersonic trainer are used by the US Air Force. The US Army uses Northrop Grumman's RQ-5 Hunter unmanned air vehicle, which has been in operational use since 1995. The U.S. Navy uses Northrop Grumman-built aerial vehicles such as the BQM-74 Chukar, RQ-4 Global Hawk based MQ-4C Triton, MQ-8 Fire Scout, Grumman C-2 Greyhound, Grumman E-2 Hawkeye, and the EA-6B Prowler. Northrop Grumman provides major components and assemblies for different aircraft such as F/A-18 Hornet, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler.[13] and the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II.[14]Aerospace systems also serves as the contractor for numerous space payloads and is the prime contractor for the James Webb Space Telescope[15][16]

Mission Systems

Northrop Grumman Mission Systems, headquartered in Linthicum, Maryland creates military radar, sensors and related products, including C4I radar systems for air defense, Airspace Management radar systems such as AMASS, and battlefield surveillance systems like the Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL). Tactical aircraft sensors include the AN/APG-68 radar, the AN/APG-80 AESA radar, and the AN/APG-83 AESA radar upgrade for the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the AN/APG-77 AESA radar for the F-22 Raptor, and the AN/APG-81 AESA radar for the F-35 Lightning II, and the AN/AAQ-37 electro-optical Distributed Aperture System (DAS) for the F-35, and the APQ-164 Passive Electronically Scanned Array (PESA) radar for the B-1 Lancer.[citation needed] Mission Systems produces and maintains the AWACS aerial surveillance systems for the U.S., the United Kingdom, NATO, Japan, and others. Northrop Grumman is the prime contractor for the development and integration of the Air Force's $2-billion Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program. Northrop Grumman also supports the U.S. ballistic missile program, integrates various command, control and intelligence systems and provides technical and management services to governmental and military customers, all with an emphasis on cyber security. Many other smaller products are made by Northrop Grumman, such as night vision goggles and secure communications equipment.[citation needed]

Technology Services

The Technology Services sector headquartered in McNair, Virginia (with a Herndon mailing address[17]), works on "the entire life cycle of civil and defense platforms and capabilities through a range of services".[18] Vinnell, a Northrop Grumman subsidiary, provides training and communications for the military. In 2003, it landed a $48 million contract to train the Iraqi Army.[19] In 2005 the company won a $2 billion contract with Virginia to overhaul most of the state's IT operations.[20] Later that year, The United Kingdom paid $1.2 billion in a contract with the company to provide maintenance of the country's defensive radar.[21]

Northrop Grumman performs various functions in the War on Drugs. The company sends planes to spray herbicides on suspected cocaine fields in Colombia and opium poppy fields in Afghanistan.[22][23]

Innovation Systems

On June 7, 2018, the acquisition of Orbital ATK was completed and the former company was absorbed in Northrop Grumman as a new business sector called Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems.[24][11] Innovation system is headquartered in Dulles, Virginia.[citation needed]

Affiliated companies and partners

Remotec, a subsidiary, is a manufacturer of remote control vehicles for explosive ordnance disposal and hazardous material handling. A UK-based subsidiary, Park Air Systems, provides VHF and UHF ground-to-air communications systems for the civil and defense markets. Northrop Grumman has also worked closely with Antenna Associates, Inc., a manufacturer of Identification friend or foe (IFF)/Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) antennas located in Massachusetts.[25]

In August 2007, Northrop Grumman acquired Scaled Composites in which it had previously owned a 40% stake.[26]

In 2008, Northrop Grumman began working with DHS Systems LLC, manufacturer of the Deployable Rapid Assembly Shelter (DRASH) in New York, as part of the U.S. Army's Standard Integrated Command Post System program.[27]

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