Northern lapwing

Northern lapwing
Northern-Lapwing-Vanellus-vanellus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Charadriidae
Genus:Vanellus
Species:
V. vanellus
Binomial name
Vanellus vanellus
Northern Lapwing.png
Global map of sightings reported on eBird     Year-Round Range     Summer Range     Winter Range
Synonyms

Tringa vanellus Linnaeus, 1758Vanellus cristatus Meyer[2]Vanellus vulgaris Bechstein[2]

Flying
Alarmed in flowery meadow on Texel, the Netherlands

The northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), also known as the peewit or pewit, tuit or tew-it, green plover, or (in Britain and Ireland) just lapwing, is a bird in the lapwing family. It is common through temperate Eurasia.

It is highly migratory over most of its extensive range, wintering further south as far as north Africa, northern India, Pakistan, and parts of China. It migrates mainly by day, often in large flocks. Lowland breeders in westernmost areas of Europe are resident. It occasionally is a vagrant to North America, especially after storms, as in the Canadian sightings after storms in December 1927 and in January 1966.[3]

It is a wader that breeds on cultivated land and other short vegetation habitats. 3–4 eggs are laid in a ground scrape. The nest and young are defended noisily and aggressively against all intruders, up to and including horses and cattle.

In winter, it forms huge flocks on open land, particularly arable land and mud-flats.

Etymology

The name lapwing has been variously attributed to the "lapping" sound its wings make in flight, from the irregular progress in flight due to its large wings (the Oxford English Dictionary derives this from an Old English word meaning "to totter"),[4] or from its habit of drawing potential predators away from its nest by trailing a wing as if broken. The names peewit, pewit, tuit or tew-it are onomatopaeic and refer to the bird's characteristic call.[5]

The scientific name Vanellus is Medieval Latin for the northern lapwing and derives from vannus a winnowing fan.[6]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Темэнпсычэт
Alemannisch: Kiebitz
azərbaycanca: Çibiş bibikinə
башҡортса: Тәгәрлек
беларуская: Кнігаўка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кнігаўка
Чӑвашла: Тĕкĕрлек
Cymraeg: Cornchwiglen
dansk: Vibe
davvisámegiella: Vuoktaláfol
Deutsch: Kiebitz (Art)
Diné bizaad: Tábąąh díłdánii
eesti: Kiivitaja
Ελληνικά: Καλημάνα
эрзянь: Цибирькай
Esperanto: Vanelo
estremeñu: Agua-nievis
euskara: Hegabera
فارسی: خروس کولی
føroyskt: Vípa
français: Vanneau huppé
Frysk: Ljip
Gaeilge: Pilibín
Gàidhlig: Curracag
galego: Avefría
한국어: 댕기물떼새
interlingua: Vanellus vanellus
ქართული: პრანწია
kaszëbsczi: Cziwùtka
қазақша: Қызғыш
кырык мары: Кӹшедӹк
latviešu: Ķīvīte
lietuvių: Pempė
Livvinkarjala: Piigalničču
magyar: Bíbic
македонски: Калуѓерка (птица)
Nederlands: Kievit
Nedersaksies: Kiefte
日本語: タゲリ
Nordfriisk: Liap
norsk: Vipe
norsk nynorsk: Vipe
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Chibis
پنجابی: ہری ٹٹیری
Picard: Ouvergne
Piemontèis: Vanellus vanellus
Plattdüütsch: Kievitt
português: Vanellus vanellus
română: Nagâț
русиньскый: Чайка звычайна
русский: Чибис
Scots: Teuchit
slovenčina: Cíbik chochlatý
slovenščina: Priba
српски / srpski: Вивак
svenska: Tofsvipa
удмурт: Сэдык
українська: Чайка
vepsän kel’: Merikukoi
Tiếng Việt: Te mào
žemaitėška: Pīmpė
中文: 凤头麦鸡