North Sea Germanic
|North Sea Germanic|
|Originally the |
Ingvaeonic is named after the
The grouping was first proposed in Nordgermanen und Alemannen (1942) by German linguist and philologist
Linguistic evidence for Ingvaeonic is a series of common innovations observed in Old Frisian, Old English and Old Saxon such as the following:
Several, but not all, characteristics are also found in Dutch, which did not generally undergo the nasal spirant law (except for a few words), retains the three distinct plural endings, and lacks the -s plural. However, it lost the reflexive pronoun (even if it later regained it by borrowing) and had the same four relic weak verbs in Class III.