North Sea

  • north sea
    nasa northsea1 2.jpg
    locationatlantic ocean
    coordinates56°n 03°e / 56°n 03°e / north sea)1010 acre⋅ft)
    royal belgian institute of natural sciences
    map all coordinates in "geography of the north sea" using: openstreetmap 
    download coordinates as: kml · gpx

    the north sea is a marginal sea of the atlantic ocean located between great britain (england and scotland), denmark, norway, germany, the netherlands, belgium and france. an epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the european continental shelf, it connects to the ocean through the english channel in the south and the norwegian sea in the north. it is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of 570,000 square kilometres (220,000 sq mi).

    the north sea has long been the site of important european shipping lanes as well as a major fishery. the coast is a popular destination for recreation and tourism in bordering countries, and more recently the sea has developed into a rich source of energy resources, including fossil fuels, wind, and early efforts in wave power.

    historically, the north sea has featured prominently in geopolitical and military affairs, particularly in northern europe. it was also important globally through the power northern europeans projected worldwide during much of the middle ages and into the modern era. the north sea was the centre of the vikings' rise. subsequently, the hanseatic league, the netherlands, and the british each sought to dominate the north sea and thus access to the world's markets and resources. as germany's only outlet to the ocean, the north sea continued to be strategically important through both world wars.

    the coast of the north sea presents a diversity of geological and geographical features. in the north, deep fjords and sheer cliffs mark the norwegian and scottish coastlines, whereas in the south, the coast consists primarily of sandy beaches and wide mudflats. due to the dense population, heavy industrialization, and intense use of the sea and area surrounding it, there have been various environmental issues affecting the sea's ecosystems. adverse environmental issues – commonly including overfishing, industrial and agricultural runoff, dredging, and dumping, among others – have led to a number of efforts to prevent degradation of the sea while still making use of its economic potential.

  • geography
  • geology
  • nature
  • names
  • history
  • economy
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

North Sea
NASA NorthSea1 2.jpg
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Coordinates56°N 03°E / 56°N 03°E / North Sea)1010 acre⋅ft)
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Map all coordinates in "Geography of the North Sea" using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain (England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France. An epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the European continental shelf, it connects to the ocean through the English Channel in the south and the Norwegian Sea in the north. It is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of 570,000 square kilometres (220,000 sq mi).

The North Sea has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery. The coast is a popular destination for recreation and tourism in bordering countries, and more recently the sea has developed into a rich source of energy resources, including fossil fuels, wind, and early efforts in wave power.

Historically, the North Sea has featured prominently in geopolitical and military affairs, particularly in Northern Europe. It was also important globally through the power northern Europeans projected worldwide during much of the Middle Ages and into the modern era. The North Sea was the centre of the Vikings' rise. Subsequently, the Hanseatic League, the Netherlands, and the British each sought to dominate the North Sea and thus access to the world's markets and resources. As Germany's only outlet to the ocean, the North Sea continued to be strategically important through both World Wars.

The coast of the North Sea presents a diversity of geological and geographical features. In the north, deep fjords and sheer cliffs mark the Norwegian and Scottish coastlines, whereas in the south, the coast consists primarily of sandy beaches and wide mudflats. Due to the dense population, heavy industrialization, and intense use of the sea and area surrounding it, there have been various environmental issues affecting the sea's ecosystems. Adverse environmental issues – commonly including overfishing, industrial and agricultural runoff, dredging, and dumping, among others – have led to a number of efforts to prevent degradation of the sea while still making use of its economic potential.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Noordsee
Alemannisch: Nordsee
አማርኛ: ስሜን ባሕር
Ænglisc: Norþsǣ
العربية: بحر الشمال
aragonés: Mar d'o Norte
অসমীয়া: উত্তৰ সাগৰ
asturianu: Mar del Norte
azərbaycanca: Şimal dənizi
تۆرکجه: قوزئی دنیزی
Bân-lâm-gú: Pak-hái
башҡортса: Төньяҡ диңгеҙ
беларуская: Паўночнае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўночнае мора
भोजपुरी: नॉर्थ सागर
български: Северно море
Boarisch: Noadsee
bosanski: Sjeverno more
brezhoneg: Mor an Hanternoz
català: Mar del Nord
čeština: Severní moře
dansk: Nordsøen
Deutsch: Nordsee
dolnoserbski: Pódpołnocne mórjo
eesti: Põhjameri
Ελληνικά: Βόρεια Θάλασσα
español: Mar del Norte
Esperanto: Norda maro
euskara: Ipar itsasoa
Fiji Hindi: North Sea
føroyskt: Norðsjógvurin
français: Mer du Nord
Frysk: Noardsee
Gàidhlig: An Cuan a Tuath
galego: Mar do Norte
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pet-hói
한국어: 북해
hornjoserbsce: Sewjerne morjo
hrvatski: Sjeverno more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Utara
interlingua: Mar del Nord
íslenska: Norðursjór
italiano: Mare del Nord
kaszëbsczi: Nordowé Mòrzé
kernowek: Mor Kledh
Кыргызча: Түндүк деңиз
latviešu: Ziemeļjūra
Lëtzebuergesch: Nordmier
lietuvių: Šiaurės jūra
Ligure: Mâ do Nord
Limburgs: Noordzie
Lingua Franca Nova: Mar Norde
Livvinkarjala: Pohjanmeri
la .lojban.: berti xamsi
lumbaart: Mar del Nord
македонски: Северно Море
മലയാളം: വടക്കൻ കടൽ
მარგალური: ოორუეშ ზუღა
مازِرونی: شمال دریا
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Utara
Mirandés: Mar de l Norte
монгол: Хойд тэнгис
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြောက်ပင်လယ်
Nederlands: Noordzee
Nedersaksies: Noordzee
नेपाल भाषा: उत्तर सागर
日本語: 北海
Nordfriisk: Weestsiie
norsk: Nordsjøen
norsk nynorsk: Nordsjøen
occitan: Mar del Nòrd
олык марий: Йӱдвел теҥыз
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shimoliy dengiz
پنجابی: اتری سمندر
Picard: Mèr Nord
Piemontèis: Mar dël Nòrd
Plattdüütsch: Noordsee
português: Mar do Norte
Ripoarisch: Nordsee
română: Marea Nordului
русиньскый: Северне море
саха тыла: Хотугу муора
Seeltersk: Noudsee
sicilianu: Mari dû nord
Simple English: North Sea
slovenčina: Severné more
slovenščina: Severno morje
српски / srpski: Северно море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sjeverno more
suomi: Pohjanmeri
svenska: Nordsjön
Tagalog: Dagat Hilaga
தமிழ்: வடகடல்
tarandíne: Mare d'u Nord
татарча/tatarça: Төньяк диңгез
Türkçe: Kuzey Denizi
Türkmençe: Demirgazyk deňzi
українська: Північне море
vèneto: Mar del Nord
vepsän kel’: Pohjoižmeri
Tiếng Việt: Biển Bắc
Volapük: Nolüdamel
Võro: Põh'ameri
West-Vlams: Nôordzêe
ייִדיש: צפון ים
Zeêuws: Noôrdzeê
žemaitėška: Šiaurės jūra