North Island

North Island
Te Ika-a-Māui
NewZealand.A2002296.2220.250m North Island crop.jpg
Satellite image of the North Island
North IslandTe Ika-a-Māui is located in Oceania
North IslandTe Ika-a-Māui
North Island
Te Ika-a-Māui
Geography
LocationOceania
Coordinates38°24′S 175°43′E / 38°24′S 175°43′E / -38.400; 175.717
ArchipelagoNew Zealand
Area113,729 km2 (43,911 sq mi)
Area rank14th
Highest elevation2,797 m (9,177 ft)
Highest pointMount Ruapehu
Administration
New Zealand
ISO 3166-2:NZNZ-N
Regions9
Territorial authorities43
Largest settlementAuckland (pop. 1,534,700)
Demographics
Population3,677,200 (June 2017)
Pop. density32.3 /km2 (83.7 /sq mi)

The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi),[1] making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,677,200 (June 2017).[2]

Twelve main urban areas (half of them officially cities) are in the North Island. From north to south, they are Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua, Gisborne, New Plymouth, Napier, Hastings, Whanganui, Palmerston North, and Wellington, the capital, located at the south-west extremity of the island. About 77% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island.

Naming and usage

Although the island has been known as the North Island for many years,[3] in 2009 the New Zealand Geographic Board found that, along with the South Island, the North Island had no official name.[4] After a public consultation, the board officially named the island North Island or Te Ika-a-Maui in October 2013.[5]

In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite articles. It is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Hamilton is in the North Island", "my mother lives in the North Island". Maps, headings, tables and adjectival expressions use North Island without the.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Noordeiland
Ænglisc: Norþīg
aragonés: Isla d'o Norte
asturianu: Islla Norte
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паўночны востраў (Новая Зэляндыя)
brezhoneg: Enez an Norzh
català: Illa del Nord
dansk: Nordøen
eesti: Põhjasaar
español: Isla Norte
euskara: Ipar uhartea
français: Île du Nord
galego: Illa Norte
한국어: 북섬
hrvatski: Sjeverni otok
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau Utara
italiano: Isola del Nord
kalaallisut: Qeqertaq Avannarleq
latviešu: Ziemeļsala
lietuvių: Šiaurės sala
македонски: Северен Остров
Bahasa Melayu: Pulau Utara
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shimoliy orol
português: Ilha Norte
Runa Simi: Wichay Wat'a
Gagana Samoa: Le Motu 'i Mātū
Simple English: North Island
српски / srpski: Северно острво
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sjeverni otok
svenska: Nordön
Taqbaylit: Tigzirt n Ugafa