|State of North Dakota|
Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State
|• Total||70,762 sq mi |
|• Width||211 miles (340 km)|
|• Length||335 miles (539 km)|
|• % water||2.4|
|• Latitude||45° 56′ N to |
|• Longitude||96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W|
|• Total||755,393 (2017 est.)|
| • ||11.70/sq mi (3.83/km2)|
| • ||$57,415 (25th)|
|• Highest point|
3,508 ft (1069 m)
|• Mean||1,900 ft (580 m)|
|• Lowest point|
751 ft (229 m)
|November 2, 1889 (39th or 40th)|
| • |
| • |
|• most of state|
Released in 2006
North Dakota (
In the 21st century, North Dakota's
North Dakota contains the tallest human-made structure in the Western Hemisphere, the
North Dakota is a Midwestern state of the United States. It borders Canada and lies at the center of the North American continent. The geographic center of North America is near the town of Rugby. Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota, and Fargo is the largest city.
Soil is North Dakota's most precious resource. It is the base of the state's great agricultural wealth. But North Dakota also has enormous mineral resources. These mineral resources include billions of tons of lignite coal. In addition, North Dakota has large oil reserves. Petroleum was discovered in the state in 1951 and quickly became one of North Dakota’s most valuable mineral resources. In the early 2000's, the emergence of hydraulic fracturing technologies enabled mining companies to extract huge amounts of oil from the Bakken shale rock formation in the western part of the state.
North Dakota's economy is based more heavily on farming than are the economies of most other states. Many North Dakota factories process farm products or manufacture farm equipment. Many of the state’s merchants also rely on agriculture.
Farms and ranches cover nearly all of North Dakota. They stretch from the flat Red River Valley in the east, across rolling plains, to the rugged Badlands in the west. The chief crop, wheat, is grown in nearly every county. North Dakota harvests more than 90 percent of the nation’s canola and flaxseed. It is also the country’s top producer of barley and sunflower seeds and a leader in the production of beans, honey, lentils, oats, peas, and sugar beets.
Few white settlers came to the North Dakota region before the 1870's because railroads had not yet entered the area. During the early 1870's, the Northern Pacific Railroad began to push across the Dakota Territory. Large-scale farming also began during the 1870's. Eastern corporations and some families established huge wheat farms covering large areas of land in the Red River Valley. The farms made such enormous profits they were called bonanza farms. White settlers, attracted by the success of the bonanza farms, flocked to North Dakota, rapidly increasing the territory's population. In 1870, North Dakota had 2,405 people. By 1890, the population had grown to 190,983.
North Dakota was named for the Sioux people who once lived in the territory. The Sioux called themselves Dakota or Lakota, meaning allies or friends. One of North Dakota's nicknames is the Peace Garden State. This nickname honors the
North Dakota is in the U.S. region known as the
The western half of the state consists of the hilly
The central region of the state is divided into the
Eastern North Dakota is overall flat; however, there are significant hills and
North Dakota has a
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