Nogais

Nogais
Ногайцы 01.jpg
Nogai man in national costume, 19th century
Total population
c. 120,000
Regions with significant populations
 Russia103,660[1]
   Dagestan38,168[2]
   Stavropol Krai20,680[2]
   Karachay-Cherkessia14,873[2]
   Astrakhan Oblast4,570[2]
   Chechnya3,572[2]
   Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug2,502[2]
   Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug1,708[2]
 Romania10,700[3]
 Bulgaria500[3]
 Kazakhstan400
 Ukraine385[4]
 Uzbekistan200[3]
Languages
Nogai, Russian
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups

Crimean Tatars, Kazakhs


The Nogais are a Turkic[5] ethnic group who live in the Russian North Caucasus region. Most are found in northern Dagestan and Stavropol Krai, as well as in Karachay-Cherkessia and Astrakhan Oblast; some also live in Chechnya. They speak the Nogai language and are descendants of various Mongolic and Turkic tribes who formed the Nogai Horde. There are two main groups of Nogais:

Geographic distribution

In the 1990s, 65,000 were still living in the Northern Caucasus, divided into Aq (White) Nogai and Qara (Black) Nogai tribal confederations. Nogais live in the territories of Dagestan, Chechnya, Stavropol district and Astrakhan Oblast. From 1928 there was a Nogaysky District, Republic of Dagestan and from 2007 a Nogaysky District, Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

A few thousand Nogais live in Dobruja (today in Romania), in the town of Mihail Kogălniceanu (Karamurat) and villages of Lumina (Kocali), Valea Dacilor (Hendekkarakuyusu), Cobadin (Kubadin).

An estimated 90,000 Nogais live in Turkey today, mainly settled in Ceyhan/Adana, Ankara and Eskisehir provinces. The Nogai language is still spoken in some of the villages of Central Anatolia - mainly around the Salt Lake, Eskişehir and Ceyhan. To this day, Nogais in Turkey have maintained their cuisine: Üken börek, kasık börek, tabak börek, şır börek, köbete and Nogay şay (Nogai tea - a drink prepared by boiling milk and tea together with butter, salt and pepper).

The Junior Juz, or the Lesser Horde of the Kazakhs, occupied the lands of the former Nogai Khanate in Western Kazakhstan. A part of Nogais joined Kazakhs in 17-18th centuries and formed separate clan or tribe called as Kazakh-Nogais. Their estimated number is about 50,000.

Subgroups

From the sixteenth century until their deportation in the mid-nineteenth century the Nogais living along the Black Sea northern coast were divided into the following sub-groups (west to east):

  • Bucak (Budjak) Nogais inhabited the area from Danube to Dniester.
  • Cedsan (Yedisan) Nogais inhabited the land from Dniester to Southern Bug.
  • Camboyluk (Jamboyluk) Nogais inhabited in the lands from Bug to the beginning of Crimean Peninsula.
  • Cedişkul (Jedishkul) Nogais inhabited the north of Crimean peninsula.
  • Kuban Nogais inhabited the north of Sea of Azov around Prymorsk (previously Nogaisk).
Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Нэгъуейхэр
العربية: نوجاي
aragonés: Nogais
авар: Нугъаял
azərbaycanca: Noqaylar
تۆرکجه: نوقای‌لار
башҡортса: Нуғайҙар
беларуская: Нагайцы
български: Ногайци
català: Nogais
Чӑвашла: Нухайсем
Deutsch: Nogaier
eesti: Nogaid
español: Nogayos
Esperanto: Nogajoj
français: Nogaïs
Gagauz: Nogaylar
한국어: 노가이인
italiano: Nogai
къарачай-малкъар: Ногъайлыла
ქართული: ნოღაელები
қазақша: Ноғайлар
Кыргызча: Ногойлор
лакку: Нугъай
лезги: Нугъаяр
lietuvių: Nogajai
magyar: Nogajok
македонски: Ногајци
монгол: Ногай ястан
Nederlands: Nogai
日本語: ノガイ族
нохчийн: НогӀий
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Noʻgʻaylar
پنجابی: نوغائی
polski: Nogajowie
português: Nogais
română: Nogai
русский: Ногайцы
Scots: Nogais
slovenščina: Nogajci
ślůnski: Nogaje
српски / srpski: Ногајци
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nogajci
suomi: Nogait
svenska: Nogajer
татарча/tatarça: Нугайлар
Türkçe: Nogaylar
українська: Ногайці
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ﻧﻮﻏﺎﻱ ﻣﯩﻠﻠﯩﺘﻰ
中文: 諾蓋人