Nikolai Mikhailovich Maksimov (Russian: Николай Михайлович Максимов; born 15 May 1956) is a retired officer of the Russian Navy. He currently holds the rank of admiral in the reserve, and has most recently been head of the Navy Shipbuilding and Weapons Research Institute [ru].
Maksimov was born in the Ukrainian SSR in 1956, and began his naval education with studies at the Leningrad Nakhimov Naval School [ru] and the Higher Naval School of Submarine Navigation [ru]. His career has been spent mostly with the Northern Fleet, where he served as an officer aboard submarines, rising through the ranks to command nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. This was followed by staff appointments with the fleet's various submarine divisions, eventually becoming deputy commander of the Northern Fleet in 2005 and then its commander in 2007. During his time in command he oversaw various naval exercises, including those in 2008, which were the largest the Russian navy had held in the Atlantic since 1991. He also continued his studies with attendance at the Higher Special Officer Classes [ru], the N. G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy, and the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia.
Maksimov became chief of staff and first deputy commander of the troops of the Western Military District in 2011, before retiring from active military service in 2012. As an admiral in the reserve, he continued to play an important role in naval affairs, serving as head of the Naval Academy until 2016, and then as head of the Navy Shipbuilding and Weapons Research Institute [ru].
Maksimov's career has been spent mainly with the Northern Fleet, where he went from the commander of a departmental group aboard a submarine, to weapons commander, assistant commander between 1978 and 1985, and then senior assistant to the submarine commander between 1986 and 1992. He later served as commander of the Project 667A Navaga nuclear ballistic missile submarine
between 1992 and 1993, followed by the Project 667BDRM Delfin nuclear ballistic missile submarine K-18 in 1993. He was promoted to deputy commander of the
31st Submarine Division [ru] from 1995 until 1996, and then served as the division's commander until 1998.