Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya  (Hausa)
  • Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà  (Igbo)
  • Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìniira Àpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà  (Yoruba)
Motto: "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Location of Nigeria shown in dark green
Location of Nigeria shown in dark green
CapitalAbuja
9°4′N 7°29′E / 9°4′N 7°29′E / 9.067; 7.483
Largest cityLagos
6°27′N 3°23′E / 6°27′N 3°23′E / 6.450; 3.383
Official languagesEnglish
Major languages
Other languages[1]
Religion See Religion in Nigeria
DemonymNigerian
GovernmentFederal presidential republic
• President
Muhammadu Buhari
Yemi Osinbajo
Bukola Saraki
Yakubu Dogara
W. S. Nkanu Onnoghen
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Unification of Southern and Northern Nigeria
1914
• Declared and recognised
1 October 1960
• Republic declared
1 October 1963
29 May 1999
Area
• Total
923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2017 estimate
190,886,311[2] (7th)
• 2006 census
140,431,790
• Density
215/km2 (556.8/sq mi) (65th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.118 trillion[3] (23rd)
• Per capita
$5,929[3] (129th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$376.28 billion[3] (31st)
• Per capita
$1,994[3] (137th)
Gini (2010)Positive decrease 43.0[4]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.532[5]
low · 157th
CurrencyNaira (₦) (NGN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Drives on theright
Calling code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG
Internet TLD.ng

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria (ə/ (About this sound listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.[6]

Nigeria has been home to a number of kingdoms and tribal states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.[7]

Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy.[8] With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18.[9][10] The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by over 500 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 500 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures.[11][12] The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practise religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities.

As of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.[13][14] The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent.[15] Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank;[16] it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent,[17][18][19] a middle power in international affairs,[20][21][22][23] and has also been identified as an emerging global power.[24][25][26] However, it currently has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies. It is also listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC.

Etymology

The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator. The origin of the name Niger, which originally applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is likely an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.[27][28]

Other Languages
Acèh: Nigeria
адыгабзэ: Нигерие
Afrikaans: Nigerië
Akan: Alata man
Alemannisch: Nigeria
አማርኛ: ናይጄሪያ
Ænglisc: Nigeria
العربية: نيجيريا
aragonés: Nicheria
arpetan: Nig·èria
অসমীয়া: নাইজেৰিয়া
asturianu: Nixeria
Avañe'ẽ: Nihéria
azərbaycanca: Nigeriya
تۆرکجه: نیجریه
bamanankan: Nijeria
Bahasa Banjar: Nigeria
Bân-lâm-gú: Nigeria
башҡортса: Нигерия
беларуская: Нігерыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нігерыя
भोजपुरी: नाइजीरिया
Bikol Central: Nigerya
български: Нигерия
Boarisch: Nigeria
བོད་ཡིག: ནི་ཇི་རི་ཡ།
bosanski: Nigerija
brezhoneg: Nigeria
буряад: Нигери
català: Nigèria
Чӑвашла: Нигери
Cebuano: Nigeria
čeština: Nigérie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Nigeria
chiShona: Nigeria
Cymraeg: Nigeria
dansk: Nigeria
davvisámegiella: Nigeria
Deutsch: Nigeria
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނައިޖީރިއާ
dolnoserbski: Nigerija
eesti: Nigeeria
Ελληνικά: Νιγηρία
español: Nigeria
Esperanto: Niĝerio
estremeñu: Nigéria
euskara: Nigeria
eʋegbe: Naidzeria
فارسی: نیجریه
Fiji Hindi: Nigeria
føroyskt: Nigeria
français: Nigeria
Frysk: Nigearia
Fulfulde: Niiseriya
Gaeilge: An Nigéir
Gaelg: Yn Naigeer
Gagauz: Nigeriya
Gàidhlig: Nìgeiria
galego: Nixeria
贛語: 尼日利亞
Gĩkũyũ: Nigeria
ગુજરાતી: નાઇજીરીયા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nigeria
한국어: 나이지리아
Hausa: Nijeriya
հայերեն: Նիգերիա
हिन्दी: नाईजीरिया
hornjoserbsce: Nigerija
hrvatski: Nigerija
Ido: Nigeria
Igbo: Naijiria
Ilokano: Nigeria
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নাইজেরিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Nigeria
interlingua: Nigeria
Interlingue: Nigeria
Ирон: Нигери
isiXhosa: INigeria
isiZulu: INigeria
íslenska: Nígería
italiano: Nigeria
עברית: ניגריה
Basa Jawa: Nigéria
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನೈಜೀರಿಯ
Kapampangan: Nigeria
ქართული: ნიგერია
қазақша: Нигерия
kernowek: Nijeri
Kinyarwanda: Nijeriya
Kiswahili: Nigeria
Kongo: Nizeria
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nijerya
kurdî: Nîjerya
Кыргызча: Нигерия
кырык мары: Нигери
Ladino: Nijeria
лезги: Нигерия
لۊری شومالی: نیجریٱ
latgaļu: Nigereja
Latina: Nigeria
latviešu: Nigērija
Lëtzebuergesch: Nigeria
lietuvių: Nigerija
Ligure: Nigeria
Limburgs: Nigeria
lingála: Nizeria
Livvinkarjala: Nigerii
la .lojban.: nixerias
Luganda: Nigeria
lumbaart: Nigeria
magyar: Nigéria
македонски: Нигерија
Malagasy: Nizeria
മലയാളം: നൈജീരിയ
Malti: Niġerja
მარგალური: ნიგერია
مازِرونی: نیجریه
Bahasa Melayu: Nigeria
Baso Minangkabau: Nigeria
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nigeria
монгол: Нигери
Nāhuatl: Nigeria
Nederlands: Nigeria
Nedersaksies: Nigeria
नेपाली: नाइजेरिया
नेपाल भाषा: नाइजेरिया
нохчийн: Нигери
Nordfriisk: Nigeeria
Norfuk / Pitkern: Niijiirya
norsk: Nigeria
norsk nynorsk: Nigeria
Novial: Nigeria
occitan: Nigèria
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନାଇଜେରିଆ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nigeriya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਾਈਜੀਰੀਆ
Pälzisch: Nigeria
پنجابی: نائیجیریا
Papiamentu: Nigeria
Patois: Naijiiria
Piemontèis: Nigeria
Tok Pisin: Naijiria
Plattdüütsch: Nigeria
polski: Nigeria
português: Nigéria
Qaraqalpaqsha: Nigeriya
qırımtatarca: Nigeriya
română: Nigeria
Runa Simi: Niqirya
русиньскый: Ніґерія
русский: Нигерия
саха тыла: Нигерия
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
Gagana Samoa: Nigeria
संस्कृतम्: नैजीरिया
Sängö: Nizerïa
sardu: Nigéria
Scots: Nigerie
Seeltersk: Nigeria
Sesotho: Nigeria
Sesotho sa Leboa: Nigeria
shqip: Nigeria
sicilianu: Nigeria
Simple English: Nigeria
SiSwati: INayijeriya
slovenčina: Nigéria
slovenščina: Nigerija
ślůnski: Ńigeryjo
Soomaaliga: Nayjeeriya
کوردی: نێجیریا
српски / srpski: Нигерија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nigerija
Basa Sunda: Nigéria
suomi: Nigeria
svenska: Nigeria
Tagalog: Nigeria
தமிழ்: நைஜீரியா
Taqbaylit: Nijirya
tarandíne: Nigerie
татарча/tatarça: Нигерия
తెలుగు: నైజీరియా
ትግርኛ: ናይጂሪያ
тоҷикӣ: Нигерия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏂᏥᎵᏯ
Türkçe: Nijerya
Türkmençe: Nigeriýa
українська: Нігерія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نىگېرىيە
Vahcuengh: Nigeria
vèneto: Nigeria
vepsän kel’: Nigerii
Tiếng Việt: Nigeria
Volapük: Nigeriyän
Võro: Nigeeriä
walon: Nidjeria
文言: 尼日利亞
West-Vlams: Nigeria
Winaray: Nigeria
Wolof: Niseeria
吴语: 尼日利亚
Xitsonga: Nayjeriya
ייִדיש: ניגעריע
Yorùbá: Nàìjíríà
粵語: 尼日利亞
Zazaki: Nicerya
Zeêuws: Niheria
žemaitėška: Nigerėjė
中文: 奈及利亞
डोटेली: नाइजेरिया
ГӀалгӀай: Нигери
Kabɩyɛ: Naajeeriya
Lingua Franca Nova: Nijeria