Nicosia

Nicosia

Λευκωσία (Greek)
Lefkoşa  (Turkish)
From upper left: Nicosia city skyline, Ledra Street at night, courtyard of Nicosian houses, Venetian walls of Nicosia, a Nicosian door in the old town, the Buyuk Han, a quiet neighbourhood in the old town, Venetian houses, Nicosia Christmas fair, Makariou Avenue at night
From upper left: Nicosia city skyline, Ledra Street at night, courtyard of Nicosian houses, Venetian walls of Nicosia, a Nicosian door in the old town, the Buyuk Han, a quiet neighbourhood in the old town, Venetian houses, Nicosia Christmas fair, Makariou Avenue at night
Flag of Nicosia.svg
Flag
Emblem of Nicosia.svg
Seal
Nicosia is located in Cyprus
Nicosia
Nicosia
Location of Nicosia in Cyprus
Nicosia is located in European Union
Nicosia
Nicosia
Nicosia (European Union)
Nicosia is located in Asia
Nicosia
Nicosia
Nicosia (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°10′N 033°22′E / 35°10′N 033°22′E / 35.167; 33.367
Claimed by
Administered by 
  • South
  • North
  • Republic of Cyprus
  • Northern Cyprus (Recognized only by Turkey)
  • Cypriot DistrictNicosia
    Government
     • Mayor of Nicosia MunicipalityConstantinos Yiorkadjis (Ind.)
     • Mayor of Nicosia Turkish MunicipalityMehmet Harmancı (TDP)
    Elevation
    220 m (720 ft)
    Population
    (2016)[1][2]
     • City
    • South: 55,014
    • North: 61,378
     • Urban
    • South: 244,200
    • North: 82,539
     The south's urban includes the municipalities of Nicosia (south), Agios Dometios, Egkomi, Strovolos, Aglantzia, Lakatameia, Anthoupolis, Latsia and Yeri. The north's includes North Nicosia, Gönyeli, Gerolakkos and Kanli.
    Demonym(s)Nicosian
    Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
     • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
    Post code
    1010–1107
    Area code(s)+357 22
    Nicosia Municipality

    Nicosia (ə/ SEE-ə; Greek: Λευκωσία, translit. Lefkosia [lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish: Lefkoşa [lefˈkoʃa]) is the largest city, capital, and seat of government of the island of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.

    Nicosia is the southeasternmost of all EU member states' capitals. It has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city respectively in early 1964, following the fighting of the Cyprus crisis of 1963–64 that broke out in the city. This separation became a militarized border between the Republic of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus after Turkey invaded the island of Cyprus in 1974, occupying the north of the island, including northern Nicosia. Today North Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a state recognized only by Turkey, that is considered to be occupied Cypriot territory by the international community.

    Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre.[3] In 2018, Nicosia was the 32nd richest city in the world in relative purchasing power.[4]

    Toponymy

    The earliest mention of Nicosia is in the clay prism of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon in 672 BC. This is a mention to the city-state of Ledra located on the site of Nicosia, and the city is named "Lidir". The name Ledra and variations (such as Ledroi) remained in use as late as 392 AD, when it was used in writing by Saint Jerome. However, that text also refers the city as "Leucotheon", and early Christian sources of this period are the first to use similar variations of the name Lefkosia (e.g. Leuteonos).[5] The origin of the name "Lefkosia" is considered by scholars to be a "toponymic puzzle". The name is recorded in the majority of Byzantine sources as "Leukousia", and it is accepted in literature that the name "most probably" derives from the Greek phrase "leuke ousia" ("white estate").[6]

    Other Languages
    Acèh: Nikosia
    Afrikaans: Nicosia
    Alemannisch: Nikosia
    አማርኛ: ሌፍኮዚያ
    العربية: نيقوسيا
    aragonés: Nicosia
    armãneashti: Lefcosia
    asturianu: Nicosia
    авар: Никосия
    azərbaycanca: Nikosiya
    تۆرکجه: نیکوزیا
    Bân-lâm-gú: Nicosia
    башҡортса: Никосия
    беларуская: Нікасія
    беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нікасія
    Bikol Central: Nicosia
    български: Никозия
    Boarisch: Nikosia
    བོད་ཡིག: ནེ་ཁོ་ཤི་ཡ།
    bosanski: Nikozija
    brezhoneg: Nikozia
    català: Nicòsia
    čeština: Nikósie
    chiShona: Nicosia
    Cymraeg: Nicosia
    dansk: Nicosia
    davvisámegiella: Nikosia
    Deutsch: Nikosia
    dolnoserbski: Nikosia
    eesti: Nikosia
    Ελληνικά: Λευκωσία
    эрзянь: Никосия ош
    español: Nicosia
    Esperanto: Nikozio
    euskara: Nikosia
    فارسی: نیکوزیا
    Fiji Hindi: Nikosia
    føroyskt: Nikosia
    français: Nicosie
    Gaeilge: An Leafcóis
    Gaelg: Lefkosia
    Gagauz: Lefkoşa
    Gàidhlig: Nicosia
    galego: Nicosia
    客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nicosia
    한국어: 니코시아
    հայերեն: Նիկոսիա
    हिन्दी: निकोसिया
    hornjoserbsce: Nikosia
    hrvatski: Nikozija
    Ido: Nikosia
    Ilokano: Nicosia
    Bahasa Indonesia: Nikosia
    interlingua: Nicosia
    Interlingue: Nicosia
    Ирон: Никоси
    íslenska: Nikósía
    italiano: Nicosia
    עברית: ניקוסיה
    Basa Jawa: Nikosia
    kalaallisut: Nicosia
    ಕನ್ನಡ: ನಿಕೋಸಿಯ
    ქართული: ნიქოზია
    қазақша: Никосия
    Kinyarwanda: Nikosiya
    Kiswahili: Nikosia
    Kreyòl ayisyen: Nikozi
    Кыргызча: Никосия
    Ladino: Nikosiya
    لۊری شومالی: نیکوٙزیا
    Latina: Leucosia
    latviešu: Nikosija
    Lëtzebuergesch: Nikosia
    lietuvių: Nikosija
    Limburgs: Nicosia
    Lingua Franca Nova: Nicosia
    Livvinkarjala: Nikosii
    lumbaart: Nicoséa
    magyar: Nicosia
    मैथिली: निकोसिया
    македонски: Никозија
    Malagasy: Nicosia
    മലയാളം: നിക്കോഷ്യ
    Malti: Nikosija
    Māori: Nicosia
    मराठी: निकोसिया
    მარგალური: ნიქოზია
    مصرى: نيكوسيا
    مازِرونی: نیکوزیا
    Bahasa Melayu: Nicosia
    Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nicosia
    мокшень: Никосия
    Nederlands: Nicosia (Cyprus)
    नेपाली: निकोसिया
    日本語: ニコシア
    Napulitano: Nicosia
    нохчийн: Никосий
    Nordfriisk: Nikosia
    Norfuk / Pitkern: Nikosia
    norsk: Nikosia
    norsk nynorsk: Levkosía
    Nouormand: Nicosie
    occitan: Nicosia
    олык марий: Никосий
    ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ନିକୋସିଆ
    oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nikosiya
    ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਿਕੋਸੀਆ
    پنجابی: نیکوسیا
    Papiamentu: Nicosia (Chipre)
    Piemontèis: Nicosìa
    Plattdüütsch: Nikosia
    polski: Nikozja
    Ποντιακά: Λευκωσίαν
    português: Nicósia
    Qaraqalpaqsha: Nikosiya
    qırımtatarca: Lefkoşa
    română: Nicosia
    русский: Никосия
    саха тыла: Никосия
    ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱤᱠᱚᱥᱤᱭᱟ
    sardu: Nicosia
    Scots: Nicosia
    Seeltersk: Nikosia
    shqip: Nikosia
    sicilianu: Nicusìa
    Simple English: Nicosia
    slovenčina: Nikózia
    slovenščina: Nikozija
    ślůnski: Ńikozyjo
    کوردی: نیکۆسیا
    српски / srpski: Никозија
    srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nikozija
    suomi: Nikosia
    svenska: Nicosia
    Tagalog: Nicosia
    Taqbaylit: Niqusya
    tarandíne: Nicosie
    татарча/tatarça: Никосия
    тоҷикӣ: Никосия
    Türkçe: Lefkoşa
    удмурт: Никосия
    українська: Нікосія
    اردو: نیکوسیا
    ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نىكوسىيە
    vepsän kel’: Nikosii
    Tiếng Việt: Nicosia
    Volapük: Lefkosia
    West-Vlams: Nicosia
    Winaray: Nicosia
    吴语: 尼科西亚
    ייִדיש: ניקאסיע
    Yorùbá: Nicosia
    粵語: 尼科西亞
    žemaitėška: Nėkosėjė
    中文: 尼科西亚