Nguyễn Trung Trực

Nguyễn Trung Trực
Nguyen Trung Truc portrait.jpg
Nguyễn Trung Trực, 19th century Vietnamese anti-colonial military commander
southern Vietnam
DiedOctober 27, 1868 (aged 28–29)
Rạch Giá, Cochinchina
OrganizationNguyễn Dynasty
Chief of Ha Tien Province

Nguyễn Trung Trực (1839 – October 27, 1868) was a Vietnamese fisherman who organized and led village militia forces which fought against French colonial forces in the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam in the 1860s. He was active in Tân An (now part of Long An Province) and Rạch Giá (now part of Kiên Giang Province) from the initial French invasion until he was captured and executed.

French invasion

The process of Vietnam's colonization began in September 1858 when a Franco-Spanish force landed at Da Nang in central Vietnam and attempted to proceed to the Vietnamese imperial capital of Huế.[1] After meeting stiff resistance, they sailed down to the less-defended south, and quickly captured the Citadel of Saigon in February 1859,[2] before looting and razing it.[3] The leaderless and defeated imperial troops fled in disarray.[2] The French then withdrew, but returned in 1861 in a more serious attempt to claim and occupy Vietnamese territory. In February of that year, the French attacked the citadel of Ky Hoa, seizing the fort after two days, along with a large quantity of small arms, artillery and food.[4] Trương Định, a local partisan leader who fought at Ky Hoa,[5] incorporated soldiers from the defeated imperial army into his ranks, as its commander had committed suicide.[2][6][7]

In 1861, the resistance leaders in the Gò Công area delegated Dinh to travel to Biên Hòa to seek permission from imperial military commissioner Nguyen Ba Nghi to "turn around the situation".[8] Dinh's men were armed with bladed spears, fire lances, knives, sabers, bamboo sticks and swords,[2][8][9] trained and on call as necessary.[2][9] Truc was one of the partisan leaders who assisted Dinh.[10] Truc's partisan band was based at Tân An[7] The French were aware of his activities, with an intelligence dossier calling him a "likable and intelligent man".[11]

Other Languages
한국어: 응우옌쭝쩍
Bahasa Indonesia: Nguyễn Trung Trực
Tiếng Việt: Nguyễn Trung Trực
中文: 阮忠直