Newt Gingrich

Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich by Gage Skidmore 7.jpg
50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byTom Foley
Succeeded byDennis Hastert
14th House Minority Whip
In office
March 20, 1989 – January 3, 1995
LeaderRobert H. Michel
Preceded byDick Cheney
Succeeded byDavid E. Bonior
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 6th district
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byJohn James Flynt Jr.
Succeeded byJohnny Isakson
Personal details
Newton Leroy McPherson

(1943-06-17) June 17, 1943 (age 75)
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jackie Battley (1962–1981)
Marianne Ginther (1981–2000)
Callista Bisek (2000–present)
EducationEmory University (BA)
Tulane University (MA, PhD)

Newton Leroy Gingrich (/; né McPherson, June 17, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. A member of the Republican Party, he was the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 6th congressional district from 1979 until his resignation in 1999. In 2012, Gingrich was a candidate for the presidential nomination of his party.

A teacher of history and geography at the University of West Georgia in the 1970s, Gingrich won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in November 1978, the first Republican in the history of Georgia's 6th congressional district to do so. He served as House Minority Whip from 1989 to 1995.[1][2] A co-author and architect of the "Contract with America", Gingrich was a major leader in the Republican victory in the 1994 congressional election. In 1995, Time named him "Man of the Year" for "his role in ending the four-decades-long Democratic majority in the House".[3]

As House Speaker, Gingrich oversaw passage by the House of welfare reform and a capital gains tax cut in 1997. Gingrich played a key role in several government shutdowns, and impeached President Clinton on a party-line vote in the House. The poor showing by Republicans in the 1998 Congressional elections, a reprimand from the House for Gingrich's ethics violation, pressure from Republican colleagues, and revelations of an extramarital affair with a congressional employee 23 years his junior resulted in Gingrich's resignation from the speakership on November 6, 1998.[4][5] He resigned altogether from the House on January 3, 1999.

Political scientists have widely credited Gingrich with playing a key role in undermining democratic norms in the United States, and hastening political polarization and partisan prejudice.[6][7][8][9]

Since leaving the House, Gingrich has remained active in public policy debates and worked as a political consultant. He founded and chaired several policy think tanks, including American Solutions for Winning the Future and the Center for Health Transformation. He has written or co-authored 27 books. In May 2011, he announced his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. On May 2, 2012, Gingrich ended his presidential campaign and endorsed front runner Mitt Romney, who won the nomination.[10]

Early life, family, and education

Gingrich was born as Newton Leroy McPherson at the Harrisburg Hospital in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on June 17, 1943. His mother, Kathleen "Kit" (née Daugherty; 1925–2003), and father, Newton Searles McPherson (1923–1970),[11] married in September 1942, when she was 16 and McPherson was 19. The marriage fell apart within days.[12][13][14] He is of English, German, Scottish, and Irish descent.[15]

In 1946, his mother married career Army officer Robert Gingrich (1925–1996), who adopted Newt.[16] Robert Gingrich was a career Army officer who served tours in Korea and Vietnam. In 1956, the family moved to Europe living for a period in Orléans, France and Stuttgart, Germany.[17]

Gingrich has three younger half-sisters, Candace and Susan Gingrich, and Roberta Brown.[16] Gingrich was raised in Hummelstown (near Harrisburg) and on military bases where his father was stationed. The family's religion was Lutheran.[18] He also has a half-sister and half-brother, Randy McPherson, from his father's side. In 1960 during his junior year in high school, the family moved to Georgia at Fort Benning.[17]

In 1961, Gingrich graduated from Baker High School in Columbus, Georgia. He had been interested in politics since his teen years. While living with his family in Orléans, France, he visited the site of the Battle of Verdun and learned about the sacrifices made there and the importance of political leadership.[19]

Newt Gingrich as a young history professor

Gingrich received a B.A. degree in history from Emory University in Atlanta in 1965. He went on to graduate study at Tulane University, earning an M.A. (1968) and a Ph.D. in European history (1971).[20] He spent six months in Brussels in 1969–70 working on his dissertation, Belgian Education Policy in the Congo 1945–1960.[21]

Gingrich received deferments from the military during the years of the Vietnam War for being a student and a father. In 1985, he stated, "Given everything I believe in, a large part of me thinks I should have gone over."[22]

In 1970, Gingrich joined the history department at West Georgia College as an assistant professor. In 1974, he moved to the geography department and was instrumental in establishing an interdisciplinary environmental studies program. He left the college in 1978 when he was elected to Congress.[23]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Nyut Qinqriç
Bikol Central: Newt Gingrich
български: Нют Гингрич
català: Newt Gingrich
čeština: Newt Gingrich
Cymraeg: Newt Gingrich
Deutsch: Newt Gingrich
español: Newt Gingrich
Esperanto: Newt Gingrich
føroyskt: Newt Gingrich
français: Newt Gingrich
Gaeilge: Newt Gingrich
한국어: 뉴트 깅리치
íslenska: Newt Gingrich
italiano: Newt Gingrich
Basa Jawa: Newt Gingrich
latviešu: Ņūts Gingričs
Nederlands: Newt Gingrich
norsk nynorsk: Newt Gingrich
português: Newt Gingrich
română: Newt Gingrich
русский: Гингрич, Ньют
Simple English: Newt Gingrich
slovenčina: Newt Gingrich
српски / srpski: Њут Гингрич
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Newt Gingrich
svenska: Newt Gingrich
Türkçe: Newt Gingrich
українська: Ньют Гінгріч
Tiếng Việt: Newt Gingrich