New Zealand

  • new zealand

    aotearoa (māori)
    blue field with the union flag in the top right corner, and four red stars with white borders to the right.
    flag
    a quartered shield, flanked by two figures, topped with a crown.
    coat of arms
    anthems:
    • "god defend new zealand"
    • "god save the queen"[n 1]
    a map of the hemisphere centred on new zealand, using an orthographic projection.
    location of new zealand, including outlying islands, its territorial claim in the antarctic, and tokelau
    capitalwellington
    41°18′s 174°47′e / 41°18′s 174°47′e / -41.300; 174.783
    largest cityauckland
    official languages
    • english[n 2]
    • māori
    • nz sign language
    ethnic groups
    (2018)
    • 70.2% european
    • 16.5% māori
    • 15.1% asian
    • 8.1% pacific peoples
    • 1.6% me/la/african
    • 1.9% other[3][n 3]
    demonym(s)new zealander
    kiwi (informal)
    governmentunitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • monarch
    elizabeth ii
    • governor-general
    dame patsy reddy
    • prime minister
    jacinda ardern
    legislatureparliament
    (house of representatives)
    stages of independence 
    from the united kingdom
    • responsible government
    7 may 1856
    • dominion
    26 september 1907
    • statute of westminster adopted

    25 november 1947
    area
    • total
    268,021 km2 (103,483 sq mi) (75th)
    • water (%)
    1.6[n 4]
    population
    • february 2020 estimate
    4,961,030[5] (120th)
    • 2018 census
    4,699,755
    • density
    18.1/km2 (46.9/sq mi) (203rd)
    gdp (ppp)2018 estimate
    • total
    $199 billion[6]
    • per capita
    $40,266[6]
    gdp (nominal)2018 estimate
    • total
    $206 billion[6]
    • per capita
    $41,616[6]
    gini (2019)33.9[7]
    medium · 22nd
    hdi (2018)increase 0.921[8]
    very high · 14th
    currencynew zealand dollar ($) (nzd)
    time zoneutc+12 (nzst[n 5])
    • summer (dst)
    utc+13 (nzdt[n 6])
    date formatdd/mm/yyyy
    yyyy-mm-dd[10]
    driving sideleft
    calling code+64
    iso 3166 codenz
    internet tld.nz

    new zealand (māori: aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern pacific ocean. the country has two main landmasses—the north island (te ika-a-māui), and the south island (te waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. it has a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). new zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of australia across the tasman sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the pacific island areas of new caledonia, fiji, and tonga. because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. during its long period of isolation, new zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the southern alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. new zealand's capital city is wellington, and its most populous city is auckland.

    sometime between 1250 and 1300, polynesians settled in the islands and developed a distinctive māori culture. in 1642, dutch explorer abel tasman became the first european to sight new zealand. in 1840, representatives of the united kingdom and māori chiefs signed the treaty of waitangi, which declared british sovereignty over the islands. in 1841, new zealand became a colony within the british empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the british monarch remained the head of state. today, the majority of new zealand's population of 4.9 million is of european descent; the indigenous māori are the largest minority, followed by asians and pacific islanders. reflecting this, new zealand's culture is mainly derived from māori and early british settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. the official languages are english, māori, and new zealand sign language, with english being very dominant.

    a developed country, new zealand ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, and economic freedom. new zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue. nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the cabinet, led by the prime minister, currently jacinda ardern. queen elizabeth ii is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general, currently dame patsy reddy. in addition, new zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. the realm of new zealand also includes tokelau (a dependent territory); the cook islands and niue (self-governing states in free association with new zealand); and the ross dependency, which is new zealand's territorial claim in antarctica.

    new zealand is a member of the united nations, commonwealth of nations, anzus, organisation for economic co-operation and development, asean plus six, asia-pacific economic cooperation, the pacific community and the pacific islands forum.

  • etymology
  • history
  • government and politics
  • environment
  • economy
  • demography
  • culture
  • see also
  • footnotes
  • citations
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

New Zealand

Aotearoa (Māori)
A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
Location of New Zealand, including outlying islands, its territorial claim in the Antarctic, and Tokelau
CapitalWellington
41°18′S 174°47′E / 41°18′S 174°47′E / -41.300; 174.783
Largest cityAuckland
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2018)
Demonym(s)New Zealander
Kiwi (informal)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Dame Patsy Reddy
Jacinda Ardern
LegislatureParliament
(House of Representatives)
Stages of independence 
7 May 1856
• Dominion
26 September 1907

25 November 1947
Area
• Total
268,021 km2 (103,483 sq mi) (75th)
• Water (%)
1.6[n 4]
Population
• February 2020 estimate
4,961,030[5] (120th)
• 2018 census
4,699,755
• Density
18.1/km2 (46.9/sq mi) (203rd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$199 billion[6]
• Per capita
$40,266[6]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$206 billion[6]
• Per capita
$41,616[6]
Gini (2019)33.9[7]
medium · 22nd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.921[8]
very high · 14th
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar ($) (NZD)
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST[n 5])
• Summer (DST)
UTC+13 (NZDT[n 6])
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd[10]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+64
ISO 3166 codeNZ
Internet TLD.nz

New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country has two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. It has a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, and its most populous city is Auckland.

Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the British monarch remained the head of state. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. The official languages are English, Māori, and New Zealand Sign Language, with English being very dominant.

A developed country, New Zealand ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, and economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister, currently Jacinda Ardern. Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general, currently Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica.

New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: ЩIэ Зилэнд
Afrikaans: Nieu-Seeland
Alemannisch: Neuseeland
አማርኛ: ኒው ዚላንድ
Ænglisc: Nīwsǣland
العربية: نيوزيلندا
aragonés: Nueva Zelanda
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܢܝܘ ܙܝܠܢܕ
অসমীয়া: নিউজিলেণ্ড
asturianu: Nueva Zelanda
Avañe'ẽ: Selánda Pyahu
azərbaycanca: Yeni Zelandiya
تۆرکجه: نیوزیلند
bamanankan: New Zealand
Bân-lâm-gú: New Zealand
башҡортса: Яңы Зеландия
беларуская: Новая Зеландыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Новая Зэляндыя
भोजपुरी: न्यूजीलैंड
Bikol Central: Nueva Zelanda
Bislama: Niusilan
български: Нова Зеландия
Boarisch: Neiseeland
bosanski: Novi Zeland
brezhoneg: Zeland-Nevez
буряад: Шэнэ Зеланд
català: Nova Zelanda
Чӑвашла: Çĕнĕ Зеланди
Cebuano: Nuzeland
čeština: Nový Zéland
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Nueva Zelanda
chiShona: New Zealand
Cymraeg: Seland Newydd
davvisámegiella: Aotearoa
Deutsch: Neuseeland
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނިއުޒިލޭންޑު
dolnoserbski: Nowoseelandska
Ελληνικά: Νέα Ζηλανδία
эрзянь: Од Зеландия
español: Nueva Zelanda
Esperanto: Nov-Zelando
estremeñu: Nueva Zelanda
eʋegbe: New Zealand
فارسی: نیوزیلند
Fiji Hindi: New Zealand
føroyskt: Nýsæland
Gàidhlig: Sealainn Nuadh
ГӀалгӀай: Керда Зеланди
ગુજરાતી: ન્યૂઝીલેન્ડ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: न्यूझीलंड
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: New Zealand
한국어: 뉴질랜드
հայերեն: Նոր Զելանդիա
hornjoserbsce: Nowoseelandska
hrvatski: Novi Zeland
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নিউজিল্যান্ড
Bahasa Indonesia: Selandia Baru
interlingua: Nove Zelanda
Interlingue: Nov-Zeland
isiZulu: INyuzilandi
íslenska: Nýja-Sjáland
italiano: Nuova Zelanda
עברית: ניו זילנד
kalaallisut: New Zealand
Kapampangan: New Zealand
къарачай-малкъар: Джангы Зеландия
kaszëbsczi: Nowô Zelandzkô
kernowek: Mordir Nowydh
Kinyarwanda: Nuveli Zelande
Kiswahili: Nyuzilandi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nouvèl Zelann
kriyòl gwiyannen: Nouvèl-Zélann
kurdî: Nû Zelenda
Кыргызча: Жаңы Зеландия
кырык мары: У Зеланди
latviešu: Jaunzēlande
Lëtzebuergesch: Neiséiland
Limburgs: Nui-Zieland
Lingua Franca Nova: Zeland Nova
Livvinkarjala: Uuzi Zelandii
la .lojban.: zis. poi cnino
lumbaart: Növa Zelanda
magyar: Új-Zéland
македонски: Нов Зеланд
Malagasy: Novely Zelandy
മലയാളം: ന്യൂസീലൻഡ്
Māori: Aotearoa
მარგალური: ახალი ზელანდია
مازِرونی: نیوزلند
Bahasa Melayu: New Zealand
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Niū-să̤-làng
монгол: Шинэ Зеланд
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နယူးဇီလန်နိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Niu Djiran
Nederlands: Nieuw-Zeeland
Nedersaksies: Ni'j-Zeelaand
नेपाल भाषा: न्यु जिल्यान्द
Napulitano: Nòva Zelanna
Nordfriisk: Nei-Sialun
Norfuk / Pitkern: Nyuu Ziilan
norsk nynorsk: New Zealand
Novial: Novi Selande
occitan: Nòva Zelanda
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yangi Zelandiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਿਊਜ਼ੀਲੈਂਡ
پنجابی: نیوزی لینڈ
Papiamentu: Nueva Zelandia
Patois: Nyuu Ziilant
ភាសាខ្មែរ: នូវែលសេឡង់
Piemontèis: Neuva Zelanda
Tok Pisin: Niu Silan
Plattdüütsch: Niegseeland
Ποντιακά: Νέα Ζηλανδία
português: Nova Zelândia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Jan'a Zelandiya
qırımtatarca: Yañı Zelandiya
reo tahiti: Aotearoa
română: Noua Zeelandă
rumantsch: Nova Zelanda
Runa Simi: Musuq Silanda
русиньскый: Новый Зеланд
саха тыла: Саҥа Зеландия
Sakizaya: New zealand
Gagana Samoa: Niu Sila
संस्कृतम्: न्यूजिलैण्ड्
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱤᱣᱡᱤᱞᱮᱱᱰ
Seeltersk: Näi-Seelound
Sesotho sa Leboa: New Zealand
sicilianu: Nova Zilanna
Simple English: New Zealand
slovenčina: Nový Zéland
slovenščina: Nova Zelandija
ślůnski: Nowo Zylandyjo
Soomaaliga: New Zealand
کوردی: نیوزیلاند
српски / srpski: Нови Зеланд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Novi Zeland
svenska: Nya Zeeland
Tagalog: New Zealand
Taqbaylit: Ziland Tamaynut
tarandíne: Nuève Zelanne
татарча/tatarça: Яңа Зеландия
Türkçe: Yeni Zelanda
Türkmençe: Täze Zelandiýa
українська: Нова Зеландія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: يېڭى زېلاندىيە
Vahcuengh: Saen Saelanz
vèneto: Nova Zełanda
vepsän kel’: Uz' Zelandii
Tiếng Việt: New Zealand
Volapük: Nula-Seleäns
文言: 紐西蘭
West-Vlams: Nieuw-Zêeland
吴语: 新西兰
ייִדיש: ניו זילאנד
Yorùbá: New Zealand
粵語: 紐西蘭
žemaitėška: Naujuojė Zelandėjė
中文: 新西兰