New York City

  • new york
    city
    clockwise, from top: midtown manhattan, times square, the unisphere, the brooklyn bridge, lower manhattan with one world trade center, central park, the headquarters of the united nations, and the statue of liberty
    clockwise, from top: midtown manhattan, times square, the unisphere, the brooklyn bridge, lower manhattan with one world trade center, central park, the headquarters of the united nations, and the statue of liberty
    flag of new york
    flag
    official seal of new york
    seal
    official logo of new york
    wordmark
    nickname(s): 
    see
    interactive map outlining new york city
    new york is located in new york
    new york
    new york
    location within the state of new york
    new york is located in the united states
    new york
    new york
    location within the united states
    new york is located in north america
    new york
    new york
    location within north america
    coordinates: 40°39′40″n 73°56′38″w / 40°39′40″n 73°56′38″w / 40.661; -73.944new york
    regionmid-atlantic
    constituent counties (boroughs)bronx (the bronx)
    kings (brooklyn)
    new york (manhattan)
    queens (queens)
    richmond (staten island)
    historic coloniesnew netherland
    province of new york
    settled1624
    consolidated1898
    named forjames, duke of york
    government
     • typemayor–council
     • bodynew york city council
     • mayorbill de blasio (d)
    area
    [1]
     • total468.484 sq mi (1,213.37 km2)
     • land302.643 sq mi (783.84 km2)
     • water165.841 sq mi (429.53 km2)
     • metro
    13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
    elevation
    [2]
    33 ft (10 m)
    population
     (2010)[5]
     • total8,175,133
     • estimate 
    (2018)[6]
    8,398,748
     • rank1st, u.s.
     • density27,751/sq mi (10,715/km2)
     • msa (2018)
    19,979,477[3] (1st)
     • csa (2018)
    22,679,948[4] (1st)
    demonym(s)new yorker
    time zoneutc−05:00 (est)
     • summer (dst)utc−04:00 (edt)
    zip codes
    100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
    area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
    fips code36-51000
    gnis feature id975772
    major airportsjohn f. kennedy international airport, newark liberty international airport, laguardia airport
    commuter raillirr, metro-north, nj transit
    rapid transitsubway, staten island railway, path
    gdp (city, 2018)us$842.3 billion[7] (1st)
    gmp (metro, 2020)us$2.0 trillion[8] (1st)
    largest borough by areaqueens – 109 square miles (280 km2)
    largest borough by populationbrooklyn (2,636,735 – 2015 est)[9]
    largest borough by gdp (2018)manhattan – us$600.2 billion[7]
    websitenyc.gov

    new york city (nyc), also known as the city of new york or simply new york (ny), is the most populous city in the united states. with an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), new york is also the most densely populated major city in the united states.[10] located at the southern tip of the u.s. state of new york, the city is the center of the new york metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass[11] and one of the world's most populous megacities,[12][13] with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 metropolitan statistical area and 22,679,948 residents in its combined statistical area.[3][4] a global power city,[14] new york city has been described as the cultural,[15][16][17][18][19] financial,[20][21][22] and media capital of the world,[23][24] and exerts a significant impact upon commerce,[22] entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. the city's fast pace[25][26][27] has inspired the term new york minute.[28] home to the headquarters of the united nations,[29] new york is an important center for international diplomacy.[30][31]

    situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors,[32][33] new york city consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the state of new york.[34] the five boroughs – brooklyn, queens, manhattan, the bronx, and staten island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[35] the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the united states.[36] as many as 800 languages are spoken in new york,[37][38][39][40] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.[39][41][42] new york city is home to 3.2 million residents born outside the united states,[43] the largest foreign born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[44] as of 2019, the new york metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (gmp) of us$2.0 trillion.[8] if greater new york city were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest gdp in the world.[45] new york is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[46]

    new york city traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the dutch republic in 1624 on lower manhattan; the post was named new amsterdam in 1626.[47] the city and its surroundings came under english control in 1664[47] and were renamed new york after king charles ii of england granted the lands to his brother, the duke of york.[48] new york was the capital of the united states from 1785 until 1790,[49] and has been the largest us city since 1790.[50] the statue of liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the u.s. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[51] and is an international symbol of the u.s. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[52] in the 21st century, new york has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship,[53] social tolerance,[54] and environmental sustainability,[55][56] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[57] in 2019, new york was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.[15]

    many districts and landmarks in new york city are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013;[58] a record 62.8 million tourists visited in 2017.[59] several sources have ranked new york the most photographed city in the world.[60][61] times square, iconic as the world's "heart"[62] and "crossroads",[63] is the brightly illuminated hub of the broadway theater district,[64] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[65][66] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[67] the names of many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers,[68] and parks are known internationally. manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[69][70] new york is home to the largest ethnic chinese population outside of asia,[71][72] with multiple distinct chinatowns across the city.[73][74][75] providing continuous 24/7 service,[76] the new york city subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations.[77][78][79] the city has over 120 colleges and universities, including columbia university, new york university, and rockefeller university, ranked among the top universities in the world.[80][81] anchored by wall street in the financial district of lower manhattan, new york has been called both the most economically powerful city and world's leading financial center,[22][82][83][84] and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the new york stock exchange and nasdaq.[85][86]

  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • economy
  • education and scholarly activity
  • human resources
  • culture and contemporary life
  • transportation
  • environment
  • government and politics
  • notable people
  • global outreach
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

New York
Clockwise, from top: Midtown Manhattan, Times Square, the Unisphere, the Brooklyn Bridge, Lower Manhattan with One World Trade Center, Central Park, the headquarters of the United Nations, and the Statue of Liberty
Nickname(s): 
See
Interactive map outlining New York City
New York is located in New York
New York
New York
Location within the state of New York
New York is located in the United States
New York
New York
Location within the United States
New York is located in North America
New York
New York
Location within North America
Coordinates: 40°39′40″N 73°56′38″W / 40°39′40″N 73°56′38″W / 40.661; -73.944New York
RegionMid-Atlantic
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Historic coloniesNew Netherland
Province of New York
Settled1624
Consolidated1898
Named forJames, Duke of York
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (D)
Area
 • Total468.484 sq mi (1,213.37 km2)
 • Land302.643 sq mi (783.84 km2)
 • Water165.841 sq mi (429.53 km2)
 • Metro
13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population
 • Total8,175,133
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
8,398,748
 • Rank1st, U.S.
 • Density27,751/sq mi (10,715/km2)
 • MSA (2018)
19,979,477[3] (1st)
 • CSA (2018)
22,679,948[4] (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Major airportsJohn F. Kennedy International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, LaGuardia Airport
Commuter railLIRR, Metro-North, NJ Transit
Rapid transitSubway, Staten Island Railway, PATH
GDP (City, 2018)US$842.3 billion[7] (1st)
GMP (Metro, 2020)US$2.0 trillion[8] (1st)
Largest borough by areaQueens – 109 square miles (280 km2)
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2,636,735 – 2015 est)[9]
Largest borough by GDP (2018)Manhattan – US$600.2 billion[7]
WebsiteNYC.gov

New York City (NYC), also known as the City of New York or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.[10] Located at the southern tip of the U.S. state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass[11] and one of the world's most populous megacities,[12][13] with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 metropolitan statistical area and 22,679,948 residents in its combined statistical area.[3][4] A global power city,[14] New York City has been described as the cultural,[15][16][17][18][19] financial,[20][21][22] and media capital of the world,[23][24] and exerts a significant impact upon commerce,[22] entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace[25][26][27] has inspired the term New York minute.[28] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[29] New York is an important center for international diplomacy.[30][31]

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors,[32][33] New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York.[34] The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[35] The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States.[36] As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[37][38][39][40] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.[39][41][42] New York City is home to 3.2 million residents born outside the United States,[43] the largest foreign born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[44] As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of US$2.0 trillion.[8] If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world.[45] New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[46]

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626.[47] The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664[47] and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[48] New York was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[49] and has been the largest US city since 1790.[50] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[51] and is an international symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[52] In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship,[53] social tolerance,[54] and environmental sustainability,[55][56] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[57] In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.[15]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013;[58] a record 62.8 million tourists visited in 2017.[59] Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world.[60][61] Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart"[62] and "crossroads",[63] is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[64] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[65][66] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[67] The names of many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers,[68] and parks are known internationally. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[69][70] New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia,[71][72] with multiple distinct Chinatowns across the city.[73][74][75] Providing continuous 24/7 service,[76] the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations.[77][78][79] The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, ranked among the top universities in the world.[80][81] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and world's leading financial center,[22][82][83][84] and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[85][86]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Нью-Йорк
Afrikaans: New York
Alemannisch: New York City
العربية: نيويورك
aragonés: Nueva York
Արեւմտահայերէն: Նիւ Եորք
armãneashti: New York
asturianu: Nueva York
Avañe'ẽ: Táva Nueva York
Aymar aru: New York
azərbaycanca: Nyu-York
تۆرکجه: نیویورک
Bali: New York
bamanankan: New York City
Banjar: New York
Bân-lâm-gú: New York Chhī
Basa Banyumasan: New York
башҡортса: Нью-Йорк
беларуская: Нью-Ёрк
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нью-Ёрк
Bikol Central: Nueva York
български: Ню Йорк
Boarisch: New York City
བོད་ཡིག: ནེའུ་ཡོར་ཀ།
bosanski: New York City
brezhoneg: New York
català: Nova York
Чӑвашла: Нью-Йорк
čeština: New York
Chamoru: New York City
Chavacano de Zamboanga: New York (ciudad)
Chi-Chewa: New York City
corsu: New York
Deutsch: New York City
dolnoserbski: New York City
eesti: New York
Ελληνικά: Νέα Υόρκη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: New York
эрзянь: Нью-Йорк ош
español: Nueva York
Esperanto: Novjorko
estremeñu: Nueva York
euskara: New York
eʋegbe: New York City
فارسی: نیویورک
Fiji Hindi: New York City
føroyskt: New York City
français: New York
galego: Nova York
ГӀалгӀай: Нью-Йорк
贛語: 紐約市
Gĩkũyũ: New York City
گیلکی: نيؤيؤرک
ગુજરાતી: ન્યુ યોર્ક
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌽𐌹𐌿 𐌹𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌺
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: New York Sṳ
한국어: 뉴욕
հայերեն: Նյու Յորք
hornjoserbsce: New York City
Bahasa Indonesia: Kota New York
interlingua: New York (citate)
Interlingue: New York
Ирон: Нью-Йорк
íslenska: New York-borg
italiano: New York
עברית: ניו יורק
Jawa: New York
Kabɩyɛ: Niyuu Yɔrɩkɩ
Kapampangan: New York Lakanbalen
къарачай-малкъар: Нью-Йорк
ქართული: ნიუ-იორკი
қазақша: Нью-Йорк
kernowek: Evrek Nowydh
Kiswahili: New York
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nouyòk
kriyòl gwiyannen: New York
Кыргызча: Нью-Йорк
кырык мары: Нью-Йорк
لۊری شومالی: نیویورک سیتی
latviešu: Ņujorka
Lëtzebuergesch: New York City
лезги: Нью-Йорк
lietuvių: Niujorkas
Ligure: Neuva York
Limburgs: New York City
lingála: New York
Lingua Franca Nova: Site de New York
Livvinkarjala: New York
la .lojban.: niu,IORK. zei tcadu
lumbaart: New York
magyar: New York
македонски: Њујорк (град)
Malagasy: New York
მარგალური: ნიუ-იორკი
مصرى: نيويورك
مازِرونی: نیویورک
Bahasa Melayu: Bandar Raya New York
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Niū-iók-chê
Mirandés: Nuoba Iorque
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နယူးယောက်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: New York
Na Vosa Vakaviti: New York City
Nederlands: New York (stad)
Nedersaksies: Niej-York
नेपाल भाषा: न्यु यर्क नगर
Napulitano: Nova York
нохчийн: Нью-Йорк
Nordfriisk: New York City
Norfuk / Pitkern: Nyuu York
norsk: New York
norsk nynorsk: New York by
Nouormand: Nouvieau York
Novial: Novi York
occitan: Nòva York
олык марий: Нью-Йорк
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: New York (shahar)
Pälzisch: New York City
Papiamentu: New York City
پښتو: نیویورک
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទីក្រុងញូវយ៉ក
Picard: New York
Piemontèis: New York
Tok Pisin: Niu Yok Siti
Plattdüütsch: New York
polski: Nowy Jork
português: Nova Iorque
Qaraqalpaqsha: Nyu York
qırımtatarca: Nyu York
reo tahiti: New York
romani čhib: New York City
rumantsch: New York
Runa Simi: New York
русиньскый: Ню Йорк (місто)
русский: Нью-Йорк
саха тыла: Нью Йорк
Gagana Samoa: Niu Ioka
संस्कृतम्: न्‍यू यॉर्क्
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱱᱤᱣ ᱭᱚᱨᱠ
Seeltersk: New York
Sesotho sa Leboa: New York City
sicilianu: Nova York
Simple English: New York City
slovenčina: New York (mesto)
slovenščina: New York
ślůnski: Nowy Jork
Soomaaliga: New York
Sranantongo: New York City
српски / srpski: Њујорк
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: New York
suomi: New York
svenska: New York
Taqbaylit: New York
tarandíne: Nuève York
татарча/tatarça: Нью-Йорк
తెలుగు: న్యూయార్క్
тоҷикӣ: Ню-Йорк
Türkçe: New York
Türkmençe: Nýu-Ýork şäheri
удмурт: Нью-Йорк
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Kuta New York
українська: Нью-Йорк
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Nyu York Shehiri
Vahcuengh: Niujyoz
vèneto: New York
vepsän kel’: Nju Jork
Tiếng Việt: Thành phố New York
Volapük: New York (zif)
Võro: New York
文言: 紐約市
吴语: 纽约市
Yorùbá: New York
粵語: 紐約
Zeêuws: New York City
žemaitėška: Niojuorks
中文: 纽约