New Orleans

New Orleans, Louisiana
Consolidated city-parish
City of New Orleans
From top clockwise: View of the Central Business District and Mercedes-Benz Superdome, an RTA Streetcar passing through Mid-City, a view of Royal Street in the French Quarter, a typical New Orleans mansion off St. Charles Avenue, and the St. Louis Cathedral in Jackson Square
From top clockwise: View of the Central Business District and Mercedes-Benz Superdome, an RTA Streetcar passing through Mid-City, a view of Royal Street in the French Quarter, a typical New Orleans mansion off St. Charles Avenue, and the St. Louis Cathedral in Jackson Square
Flag of New Orleans, Louisiana
Flag
Official seal of New Orleans, Louisiana
Seal
Nickname(s): The Crescent City; The Big Easy; The City That Care Forgot; Nawlins; NOLA
Location of New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
Location of New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
New Orleans, Louisiana is located in the US
New Orleans, Louisiana
New Orleans, Louisiana
Location in the United States of America
Coordinates: 29°57′N 90°4′W / 29°57′N 90°4′W / 29.950; -90.067
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Orleans
Founded 1718
Named for Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674–1723)
Government
 •  Mayor Mitch Landrieu ( D)
Area [1]
 •  Consolidated city-parish 349.85 sq mi (906.10 km2)
 • Land 169.42 sq mi (438.80 km2)
 • Water 180.43 sq mi (467.30 km2)
 • Metro 3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)
Elevation -6.5 to 20 ft (-2 to 6 m)
Population ( 2010) [2]
 •  Consolidated city-parish 343,829
 • Estimate (2016) [3] 391,495
 • Density 2,310.78/sq mi (892.20/km2)
 •  Metro 1,262,888 (US: 46th)
Demonym(s) New Orleanian
Time zone CST ( UTC−6)
 • Summer ( DST) CDT ( UTC−5)
Area code(s) 504
FIPS code 22-55000
Website nola.gov

New Orleans ( z/, [4] [5] or z/; French: La Nouvelle-Orléans [la nuvɛlɔʁleɑ̃] ( About this sound  listen)) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

The population of the city was 343,829 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. [6] [7] The New Orleans metropolitan area (New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area) had a population of 1,167,764 in 2010 and was the 46th largest in the United States. [8] The New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area, had a 2010 population of 1,452,502. [9] Before Hurricane Katrina, Orleans Parish was the most populous parish in Louisiana. As of 2015, [10] it ranked third, trailing neighboring Jefferson Parish and East Baton Rouge Parish. [10]

The city is known for its distinct French and Spanish Creole architecture, as well as its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. [11] New Orleans is famous for its cuisine, music (particularly as the birthplace of jazz) [12] [13] and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The city is often referred to as the "most unique" [14] in the United States. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19]

New Orleans is located in southeastern Louisiana, and occupies both sides of the Mississippi River. The heart of the city and its French Quarter is on the river's north side. The city and Orleans Parish ( French: paroisse d'Orléans) are coterminous. [20] The city and parish are bounded by the parishes of St. Tammany to the north, St. Bernard to the east, Plaquemines to the south, and Jefferson to the south and west. [20] [21] [22] Lake Pontchartrain, part of which lies within the city limits, lies to the north and Lake Borgne lies to the east. [22]

Names

The city is named after the Duke of Orleans, who reigned as Regent for Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. It has many illustrative nicknames:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: New Orleans
Alemannisch: New Orleans
አማርኛ: ኑ ኦርሌንዝ
العربية: نيو أورلينز
aragonés: Nueva Orleans
asturianu: Nueva Orleans
Avañe'ẽ: New Orleans
azərbaycanca: Nyu-Orlean
تۆرکجه: نیو اورلئان
Bân-lâm-gú: New Orleans
беларуская: Новы Арлеан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Новы Арлеан
български: Ню Орлиънс
Boarisch: New Orleans
bosanski: New Orleans
brezhoneg: New Orleans
català: Nova Orleans
Чӑвашла: Нью-Орлеан
čeština: New Orleans
Cymraeg: New Orleans
Deutsch: New Orleans
Ελληνικά: Νέα Ορλεάνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: New Orleans
español: Nueva Orleans
Esperanto: Nov-Orleano
estremeñu: Nueva Orleans
euskara: New Orleans
føroyskt: New Orleans
Gĩkũyũ: New Orleans
한국어: 뉴올리언스
Հայերեն: Նոր Օրլեան
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ওরলেন্স পারিশ, লুইসিয়ানা
Bahasa Indonesia: New Orleans
interlingua: New Orleans
Interlingue: New Orleans
íslenska: New Orleans
italiano: New Orleans
kernowek: New Orleans
Kiswahili: New Orleans
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nouvèl Olean
Кыргызча: Жаңы орлеан
кырык мары: У Орлеан
Latina: Nova Aurelia
latviešu: Ņūorleāna
Lëtzebuergesch: New Orleans
македонски: Њу Орлеанс
Malagasy: New Orleans
Bahasa Melayu: New Orleans
Mirandés: Nuoba Orleans
монгол: Нью-Орлеанс
Dorerin Naoero: New Orleans
Nederlands: New Orleans (stad)
Nedersaksies: Niej-Orleans
нохчийн: Нью-Орлеан
norsk nynorsk: New Orleans
occitan: Nòva Orleans
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yangi orlean
Piemontèis: New Orleans
Plattdüütsch: New Orleans
polski: Nowy Orlean
português: Nova Orleães
română: New Orleans
русский: Новый Орлеан
संस्कृतम्: न्‍यू आर्लीन्‍स
sicilianu: New Orleans
Simple English: New Orleans
slovenčina: New Orleans
slovenščina: New Orleans
ślůnski: Nowy Uorlean
српски / srpski: Њу Орлеанс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: New Orleans, Louisiana
svenska: New Orleans
Tagalog: New Orleans
Türkçe: New Orleans
українська: Новий Орлеан
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yéngi Orléan
vèneto: New Orleans
vepsän kel’: Uz' Orlean
Tiếng Việt: New Orleans
Volapük: New Orleans
Winaray: New Orleans
吴语: 新奥尔良
ייִדיש: ניו ארלינס
Yorùbá: New Orleans
粵語: 紐奧良
中文: 新奥尔良