New Orleans

New Orleans, Louisiana
City of New Orleans
From top, left to right: Central Business District, a streetcar in New Orleans, St. Louis Cathedral in Jackson Square, Bourbon Street, Mercedes-Benz Superdome, University of New Orleans, Crescent City Connection
Flag of New Orleans, Louisiana
Flag
Official seal of New Orleans, Louisiana
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Crescent City; The Big Easy; The City That Care Forgot; Nawlins; NOLA
Location of New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
Location of New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
New Orleans, Louisiana is located in the US
New Orleans, Louisiana
New Orleans, Louisiana
Location in the United States of America
Coordinates: 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29.95; -90.08UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s)504
nola.gov

New Orleans (z/,[3][4] locally z/; French: La Nouvelle-Orléans [la nuvɛlɔʁleɑ̃] (About this soundlisten)) is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 393,292 in 2017,[5] it is the most populous city in Louisiana. A major port, New Orleans is considered an economic and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.

New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, unique dialect, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the "most unique"[6] in the United States,[7][8][9][10][11] owing in large part to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.[12] Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was once the territorial capital of French Louisiana before being traded to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. New Orleans was once the third-most populous city in the United States,[13] and it was the largest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until after World War II. The city's location and low elevation have historically made it very vulnerable to flooding, leading to the installation of a complex system of levees and drainage pumps.[14]

New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, flooding over 80% of the city and causing a population decline of over 50%.[15] Since Katrina, major redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city's population. Although, concerns about gentrification, new residents buying property in closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been voiced .[16]

The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d'Orléans) are coterminous.[17] As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish.[18] The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.

The city anchors the larger New Orleans metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 1,275,762 in 2017, making it the most populous metropolitan area in Louisiana and the 46th-most populated in the United States.[19]

Names

The New Orleans cityscape in early-February 2007

The city is named after the Duke of Orleans, who reigned as Regent for Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. It has many illustrative nicknames:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: New Orleans
Alemannisch: New Orleans
አማርኛ: ኑ ኦርሌንዝ
العربية: نيو أورلينز
aragonés: Nueva Orleans
asturianu: Nueva Orleans
Avañe'ẽ: New Orleans
azərbaycanca: Nyu-Orlean
تۆرکجه: نیو اورلئان
Bân-lâm-gú: New Orleans
беларуская: Новы Арлеан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Новы Арлеан
български: Ню Орлиънс
Boarisch: New Orleans
bosanski: New Orleans
brezhoneg: New Orleans
català: Nova Orleans
Чӑвашла: Нью-Орлеан
Cebuano: New Orleans
čeština: New Orleans
Cymraeg: New Orleans
Deutsch: New Orleans
Ελληνικά: Νέα Ορλεάνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: New Orleans
español: Nueva Orleans
Esperanto: Nov-Orleano
estremeñu: Nueva Orleans
euskara: New Orleans
føroyskt: New Orleans
Gĩkũyũ: New Orleans
한국어: 뉴올리언스
հայերեն: Նոր Օռլեան
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ওরলেন্স পারিশ, লুইসিয়ানা
Bahasa Indonesia: New Orleans
interlingua: New Orleans
Interlingue: New Orleans
íslenska: New Orleans
italiano: New Orleans
kernowek: New Orleans
Kiswahili: New Orleans
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nouvèl Olean
Кыргызча: Жаңы Орлеан
кырык мары: У Орлеан
Latina: Nova Aurelia
latviešu: Ņūorleāna
Lëtzebuergesch: New Orleans
македонски: Њу Орлеанс
Malagasy: New Orleans
Bahasa Melayu: New Orleans
Mirandés: Nuoba Orleans
монгол: Нью-Орлеанс
Dorerin Naoero: New Orleans
Nederlands: New Orleans (stad)
Nedersaksies: Niej-Orleans
нохчийн: Нью-Орлеан
Nordfriisk: New Orleans
norsk nynorsk: New Orleans
occitan: Nòva Orleans
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yangi orlean
Papiamentu: New Orleans
Piemontèis: New Orleans
Plattdüütsch: New Orleans
polski: Nowy Orlean
português: Nova Orleães
română: New Orleans
русский: Новый Орлеан
संस्कृतम्: न्‍यू आर्लीन्‍स
sicilianu: New Orleans
Simple English: New Orleans
slovenčina: New Orleans
slovenščina: New Orleans
ślůnski: Nowy Uorlean
српски / srpski: Њу Орлеанс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: New Orleans, Louisiana
svenska: New Orleans
Tagalog: New Orleans
Türkçe: New Orleans
українська: Новий Орлеан
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yéngi Orléan
vèneto: New Orleans
vepsän kel’: Uz' Orlean
Tiếng Việt: New Orleans
Volapük: New Orleans
Winaray: New Orleans
吴语: 新奥尔良
ייִדיש: ניו ארלינס
Yorùbá: New Orleans
粵語: 紐奧良
中文: 新奥尔良