|New Orleans, Louisiana
|City of New Orleans
|Nickname(s): The Crescent City; The Big Easy; The City That Care Forgot; Nawlins; NOLA
Location of New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana.
Location in the United States of America
|Coordinates: 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29°57′N 90°05′W / 29.95; -90.08
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674–1723)
Mitch Landrieu (
349.85 sq mi (906.10 km2)
| • Land
||169.42 sq mi (438.80 km2)
| • Water
||180.43 sq mi (467.30 km2)
| • Metro
||3,755.2 sq mi (9,726.6 km2)
||-6.5 to 20 ft (-2 to 6 m)
| • Estimate (2016)
| • Density
||2,310.78/sq mi (892.20/km2)
| • Summer (
New Orleans (/,
 or /;
French: La Nouvelle-Orléans
[la nuvɛlɔʁleɑ̃] (
listen)) is a
major United States
port and the
largest city and
metropolitan area in the state of
The population of the city was 343,829 as of the
2010 U.S. Census.
New Orleans metropolitan area (New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area) had a population of 1,167,764 in 2010 and was the 46th largest in the
New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area, had a 2010 population of 1,452,502.
Hurricane Katrina, Orleans Parish was the most populous
parish in Louisiana. As of 2015,
 it ranked third, trailing neighboring
Jefferson Parish and
East Baton Rouge Parish.
The city is known for its distinct
French and Spanish Creole architecture, as well as its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.
 New Orleans is famous for its cuisine, music (particularly as the birthplace of
 and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably
Mardi Gras. The city is often referred to as the "most unique"
 in the United States.
New Orleans is located in southeastern
Louisiana, and occupies both sides of the
Mississippi River. The heart of the city and its
French Quarter is on the river's north side. The city and Orleans Parish (
French: paroisse d'Orléans) are coterminous.
 The city and parish are bounded by the parishes of
St. Tammany to the north,
St. Bernard to the east,
Plaquemines to the south, and
Jefferson to the south and west.
Lake Pontchartrain, part of which lies within the city limits, lies to the north and
Lake Borgne lies to the east.
The New Orleans cityscape in early-February 2007
The city is named after
the Duke of Orleans, who reigned as Regent for
Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. It has many illustrative nicknames:
- Crescent City alludes to the course of the
Lower Mississippi River around and through the city.
- The Big Easy was possibly a reference by musicians in the early 20th century to the relative ease of finding work there. It may have originated in the
Prohibition era, when the city was considered one big
speakeasy due to the government's inability to control
alcohol sales in open violation of the
- The City that Care Forgot has been used since at least 1938,
 and refers to the outwardly easy-going, carefree nature of the residents.