Nevada

State of Nevada
Flag of NevadaState seal of Nevada
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
Silver State (official);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Motto(s): All for Our Country
State song(s): "Home Means Nevada"
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official languageNone
DemonymNevadan
CapitalCarson City
Largest cityLas Vegas
Largest metroLas Vegas Valley
AreaRanked 7th
 • Total110,577 sq mi
(286,382 km2)
 • Width322 miles (519 km)
 • Length492 miles (787 km)
 • % water0.72
 • Latitude35° N to 42° N
 • Longitude114° 2′ W to 120° W
PopulationRanked 33rd
 • Total3,060,150 (2018 est.)[1]
 • Density26.8/sq mi  (10.3/km2)
Ranked 42nd
 • Median household income$55,431 [2] (34th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointBoundary Peak[3][4][5][a]
13,147 ft (4007.1 m)
 • Mean5,500 ft  (1680 m)
 • Lowest pointColorado River at California border[4][5]
481 ft (147 m)
Before statehoodNevada Territory, Utah Territory, New Mexico Territory
Admission to UnionOctober 31, 1864 (36th)
GovernorBrian Sandoval (R)
Lieutenant GovernorMark Hutchison (R)
LegislatureNevada Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. SenatorsDean Heller (R)
Catherine Cortez Masto (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Jacky Rosen (D)
4: Ruben Kihuen (D) (list)
Time zones 
 • statePacific: UTC −8/−7
 • West WendoverMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-NV
AbbreviationsNV, www.nv.gov
Nevada state symbols
Flag of Nevada.svg
Nevada-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
BirdMountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
FishLahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi)
FlowerSagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)
MammalDesert bighorn sheep
ReptileDesert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
TreeBristlecone pine (Pinus monophylla)
Inanimate insignia
MineralSilver
RockSandstone
State route marker
Nevada state route marker
State quarter
Nevada quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Nevada (ə/) is a state in the Western United States.[6] It borders Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area[7] where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located.[8] Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City.

Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sagebrush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State".[9]

Nevada is largely desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military.[10]

Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada (snowy) because of the snow which covered the mountains in winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821. The United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia).[11]

Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state.[12] However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.[13][14] Nevada is the only U.S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County (Las Vegas), Washoe County (Reno) and Carson City (which, as an independent city, is not within the boundaries of any county). The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer,[15] with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world.[16]

Mountains west of Las Vegas in the Mojave Desert

Etymology and pronunciation

The name "Nevada" comes from the Spanish nevada [neˈβaða], meaning "snow-covered", [17] after the Sierra Nevada ("snow-covered mountains").

Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the TRAP vowel (ə/). Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the PALM vowel (ə/). Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate (quasi-Spanish) pronunciation of Nevada,[18] though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote. The Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation[19] which is also available as a license plate design.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Nevada
Alemannisch: Nevada
አማርኛ: ነቫዳ
Ænglisc: Nevada
العربية: نيفادا
aragonés: Nevada
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܢܝܒܐܕܐ
arpetan: Nevada
asturianu: Nevada
Avañe'ẽ: Nevada
Aymar aru: Nevada suyu
azərbaycanca: Nevada
বাংলা: নেভাডা
Bân-lâm-gú: Nevada
беларуская: Невада
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нэвада
भोजपुरी: नेवादा
Bikol Central: Nevada
Bislama: Nevada
български: Невада
Boarisch: Nevada
བོད་ཡིག: ནེ་བ་ད།
bosanski: Nevada
brezhoneg: Nevada
буряад: Невада
català: Nevada
Чӑвашла: Невада
čeština: Nevada
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Nevada
corsu: Nevada
Cymraeg: Nevada
dansk: Nevada
davvisámegiella: Nevada
Deitsch: Nevada
Deutsch: Nevada
eesti: Nevada
Ελληνικά: Νεβάδα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Nevàda
español: Nevada
Esperanto: Nevado
euskara: Nevada
فارسی: نوادا
Fiji Hindi: Nevada
føroyskt: Nevada
français: Nevada
Frysk: Nevada
Gaeilge: Nevada
Gaelg: Nevada
Gagauz: Nevada
Gàidhlig: Nevada
galego: Nevada
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nevada
хальмг: Невада
한국어: 네바다주
Hawaiʻi: Newaka
հայերեն: Նևադա
हिन्दी: नेवाडा
hornjoserbsce: Nevada
hrvatski: Nevada
Ido: Nevada
Ilokano: Nevada
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নেভাডা
Bahasa Indonesia: Nevada
interlingua: Nevada
Interlingue: Nevada
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓂᕚᑖ
Iñupiak: Nevada
Ирон: Невадæ
isiZulu: Nevada
íslenska: Nevada
italiano: Nevada
עברית: נבדה
Basa Jawa: Nevada
Kabɩyɛ: Nevadaa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ನೆವಾಡಾ
Kapampangan: Nevada
ქართული: ნევადა
қазақша: Невада
kernowek: Nevada
Kiswahili: Nevada
Kreyòl ayisyen: Nevada
kurdî: Nevada
кырык мары: Невада
Ladino: Nevada
لۊری شومالی: نإڤادا
Latina: Nivata
latviešu: Nevada
Lëtzebuergesch: Nevada
lietuvių: Nevada
Ligure: Nevadda
Limburgs: Nevada
Lingua Franca Nova: Nevada
lumbaart: Nevada
magyar: Nevada
मैथिली: नेवाडा
македонски: Невада
Malagasy: Nevada
മലയാളം: നെവാഡ
Māori: Nevada
मराठी: नेव्हाडा
მარგალური: ნევადა
مصرى: نيفادا
مازِرونی: نوادا
Bahasa Melayu: Nevada
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nevada
монгол: Невада
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နီဗားဒါးပြည်နယ်
Nāhuatl: Nevada
Dorerin Naoero: Nevada
Nederlands: Nevada (staat)
Nedersaksies: Nevada
नेपाली: नेवाडा
नेपाल भाषा: नेभादा
日本語: ネバダ州
нохчийн: Невада
Nordfriisk: Nevada
norsk: Nevada
norsk nynorsk: Nevada
occitan: Nevada
олык марий: Невада
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nevada
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਨਵਾਡਾ
पालि: नेभेदा
پنجابی: نیواڈا
Papiamentu: Nevada
Piemontèis: Nevada
Plattdüütsch: Nevada
polski: Nevada
português: Nevada
română: Nevada
rumantsch: Nevada
Runa Simi: Nevada suyu
русский: Невада
саха тыла: Невада
संस्कृतम्: नेवाडा
sardu: Nevada
Scots: Nevada
Seeltersk: Nevada
shqip: Nevada
sicilianu: Nevada
Simple English: Nevada
slovenčina: Nevada (štát USA)
slovenščina: Nevada
ślůnski: Newada
کوردی: نیڤادا
српски / srpski: Невада
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nevada
suomi: Nevada
svenska: Nevada
Tagalog: Nevada
தமிழ்: நெவாடா
татарча/tatarça: Невада (штат)
Tsetsêhestâhese: Nevada
Türkçe: Nevada
українська: Невада
اردو: نیواڈا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Néwada shitati
vèneto: Nevada
Tiếng Việt: Nevada
Volapük: Nevada
文言: 內華達州
Winaray: Nevada
ייִדיש: נעוואדא
Yorùbá: Nevada
粵語: 內華達州
Zazaki: Nevada
žemaitėška: Nevada
中文: 内华达州