Netherlands Antilles

Netherlands Antilles
Nederlandse Antillen  (Dutch)
Antia Hulandes  (Papiamento)
1954–2010
Motto: Latin: Libertate unanimus
"Unified by freedom"
Anthem: 
Het Wilhelmus (1954–1964)
Tera di Solo y suave biento (1964–2000)
Anthem without a title (2000–2010)
Location of the Netherlands Antilles
StatusConstituent country of
the Kingdom of the Netherlands
CapitalWillemstad
Common languagesDutch
English
Papiamento[1]
DemonymNetherlands Antillean
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Monarchs 
• 1954–1980
Juliana
• 1980–2010
Beatrix
Governor 
• 2002–2010
Frits Goedgedrag
Prime Minister 
• 2006–2010
Emily de Jongh-Elhage
LegislatureEstates of the Netherlands Antilles
History 
15 December 1954
• Secession of Aruba
1 January 1986
10 October 2010
Area
2010999 km2 (386 sq mi)
Population
• 2010
304759
CurrencyNetherlands Antillean guilder
Calling code599
Internet TLD.an
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Curaçao and Dependencies
Aruba
Curaçao
Sint Maarten
Caribbean Netherlands

The Netherlands Antilles (Dutch: Nederlandse Antillen, pronounced [ˌneːdərlɑntsə ʔɑnˈtɪlə(n)] (About this sound listen); Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes)[2] was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The country consisted of several island territories located in the Caribbean Sea. The islands were also informally known as the Dutch Antilles.[3] The country came into being in 1954 as the autonomous successor of the Dutch colony of Curaçao and Dependencies, and was dissolved in 2010. The former Dutch colony of Surinam, although it was relatively close by on the continent of South America, did not become part of Netherlands Antilles but became a separate autonomous country at the same time. All the island territories that belonged to the Netherlands Antilles remain part of the kingdom today, although the legal status of each differs. As a group they are still commonly called the Dutch Caribbean, regardless of their legal status.[4]

Geographical grouping

The islands of the Netherlands Antilles are all part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. Within this group, the country was spread over two smaller island groups: a northern group (part of Leeward Islands) and a western group (part of the Leeward Antilles). No part of the country was in the southern Windward Islands.

Islands located in the Leeward Islands

This island sub-group was located in the eastern Caribbean Sea, to the east of Puerto Rico. There were three islands, collectively known as the "SSS islands":

They lie approximately 800–900 kilometers (500–560 miles) north-east of the ABC Islands.

Islands located in the Leeward Antilles

This island sub-group was located in the southern Caribbean Sea off the north coast of Venezuela. There were three islands collectively known as the "ABC Islands":

The flat landscape of Klein Bonaire
Map of the Netherlands Antilles before the secession of Aruba.

Climate

The Netherlands Antilles had an equatorial climate, with hot weather all year round. The Leeward islands are subject to hurricanes in the summer months, while those islands located in the Leeward Antilles are warmer and drier.

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нідэрляндзкія Антылы
Bikol Central: Antillas Nederlandyas
dolnoserbski: Nižozemske Antile
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hò-làn liâng Antilles
hornjoserbsce: Nižozemske Antile
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নেদারল্যান্ড এন্টিল্লেস
Bahasa Indonesia: Antillen Belanda
Basa Jawa: Antillen Walanda
Lëtzebuergesch: Hollännesch Antillen
lumbaart: Antil Ulandes
македонски: Холандски Антили
Bahasa Melayu: Antillen Belanda
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hò̤-làng liāng Antilles
Nordfriisk: Neederluns Antilen
Papiamentu: Antias Hulandes
Piemontèis: Antile Olandèise
Plattdüütsch: Nedderlannsche Antillen
sicilianu: Antilli Ulannisi
Simple English: Netherlands Antilles
slovenčina: Holandské Antily
slovenščina: Nizozemski Antili
Sranantongo: Bakra Antila
српски / srpski: Холандски Антили
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nizozemski Antili
Basa Sunda: Antilles Walanda
Tiếng Việt: Antille thuộc Hà Lan
Lingua Franca Nova: Antiles Nederlandes