Nepalis

Nepalis
नेपाली नागरिक
Flag of Nepal.svg
Total population
c. 30 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
   Nepal 26,494,504[2] (2011 Census)
 India2,926,168[3]
 Myanmar300,000[4]
 Bhutan265,000[5]
 United States59,490[6]
 Canada17,140[7]
(Includes those of mixed ancestry)
 Hong Kong, China15,950[8]
 China (Mainland)3,500[9]
 Netherlands2,199[10]
Languages
Nepali  • Maithili  • Bhojpuri  • Awadhi  • Tharu  • Tamang  • Newari  • Bajjika  • Magar  • Dotyali  • Urdu and 113 others[11]
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism 81.3%
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism 9.0%
Allah-green.svg Islam 4.4%
Birupakshya, Kirateswor Mahadev at Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu 2013.jpg Kirat 3.0%
Christian cross.svg Christianity 1.4%
and others 0.9%.[12]

a Total population of Nepal, b Nepali-speaking population, c Nepali diaspora

The Nepalis (Nepali: नेपाली) are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law.[13][14] The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepali, non-citizen residents, dual citizen, and expatriates may also claim a Nepali identity. Nepalese are descendants of migrants from parts of India, Tibet, and parts of Burma and Yunnan, and much further traces origin to Central Asia, along with indigenous peoples.

Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country. Nepali are multilinguistic group that speak 123 languages as recorded in 2011 Nepal census.[11] Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population.[2][15]

Etymology

People having citizenship and allegiance of Nepal are Nepali

Local legends say that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times and that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected ("pala" in Pali) by the sage "Ne". It is mentioned in Vedic texts that this region was called Nepal centuries ago. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called "Ne" or "Nemuni" used to live in the Himalayas.[16] In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a saint and a protector.[17] He is said to have practised meditation at the Bagmati and Kesavati rivers[18] and to have taught there.[19]

The name of the country is also identical in origin to the name of the Newar people. The terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, and instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history. Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form.[20] A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people.[21][22]

Other Languages
فارسی: نپالی‌ها
հայերեն: Նեպալցիներ
Кыргызча: Непалдар
lietuvių: Nepalai
नेपाली: नेपाली
polski: Nepalczycy
русский: Непальцы
slovenščina: Nepalci
українська: Непальці