Nawaz Sharif

Nawaz Sharif
نواز شریف
Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
5 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
President Asif Ali Zardari
Mamnoon Hussain
Preceded by Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
Succeeded by Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
President Farooq Leghari
Wasim Sajjad
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Preceded by Malik Meraj Khalid
Succeeded by Pervez Musharraf (Chief Executive)
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Preceded by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (Caretaker)
Succeeded by Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Caretaker)
Leader of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
Assumed office
3 October 2017
Preceded by Sardar Yaqoob (Interim)
In office
27 July 2011 – 16 August 2017
Preceded by Javed Hashmi
Succeeded by Sardar Yaqoob (Interim)
In office
6 October 1993 – 12 October 1999
Preceded by Fida Mohammad Khan
Succeeded by Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
Leader of the Opposition
In office
19 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
Preceded by Benazir Bhutto
Succeeded by Benazir Bhutto
Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
9 April 1985 – 13 August 1990
Governor Ghulam Jilani Khan
Sajjad Hussain Qureshi
Tikka Khan
Preceded by Sadiq Hussain Qureshi
Succeeded by Ghulam Haider Wyne
Personal details
Born Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
(1949-12-25) 25 December 1949 (age 68)
Lahore, Pakistan
Nationality   Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (before 1988)
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1993)
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (1993–present)
Spouse(s) Kulsoom Butt (1970–present)
Children 4 including Maryam, Hussain, Hassan
Relatives See Sharif family
Alma mater University of the Punjab
Government College University, Lahore
Net worth 1.6 billion (US$15 million) (2017) [1]

Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif ( Urdu/ Punjabi: میاں محمد نواز شریف, born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani businessman and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2013 until he was disqualified for life from office by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 2017. He had previously served as the Prime Minister twice in the 90s (1990–93 and 1997–99) and the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990. He is Pakistan's longest-serving prime minister. [2]

Born into the upper-middle class Sharif family in Lahore, he is the son of Ittefaq and Sharif Group founder, Muhammad Sharif, and the elder-brother of three-time elected Punjab Chief Minister, Shehbaz. According to the Election Commission of Pakistan He has a net worth of PKR 1.6 billion. Sharif studied business at Government College and later law at the University of Punjab before entering politics in the later 1970s. In 1981, Sharif was appointed by Zia-ul-Haq's regime as the Minister of Finance for the province of Punjab. Backed by a loose coalition of conservatives, he was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and re-elected after the end of martial law in 1988. In 1990, Sharif led a conservative alliance to victory and became Prime Minister. Later it was alleged that the election was rigged in favour of Sharif by the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, channeling millions of rupees into his election campaign. [3]

Sharif's first administration came to an end when then President Ghulam dismissed Sharif on corruption charges. Sharif successfully challenged the dismissal in the Supreme Court, [4] but both men were ultimately persuaded to step down in 1993 by army chief Waheed. [4] Sharif's second term also saw tussles with the judiciary and the military. Sharif also forcibly relieved General Karamat from command and replaced him with Musharraf in 1998. [5] However, the Kargil War led to a deterioration of his relations with Musharraf. When he attempted to relieve Musharraf from his command on 12 October 1999, the military instead ousted Sharif's government and exiled him to Saudi Arabia. [5]

In the 2013 elections, Sharif's Muslim League formed a coalition government with Sharif Prime Minister in Parliament. [6] [7]

On the security front, in 2015 the military launched an offensive to remove extremist groups in northwestern Pakistan and another paramilitary offensive in 2017. [8] [9] Sharif's third term is also underpinned by social centrism rather than the social conservatism which guided his prior two terms. [10] [11] Sharif's third term has brought macroeconomic stability with the help of substantial loans from the IMF, and multibillion-dollar investment deals with China. [12] However, he has faced criticism over rising sovereign debt, [13] which has risen by 35%. [14] Sharif's family has come under judicial scrutiny over the Panama Papers. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19]

Personal life and education

Government College University, where Sharif studied business.

Sharif was born in Lahore, Punjab on 25 December 1949. [20] [21] [22] The Sharif family are Punjabis of Kashmiri origin. [21] His father, Muhammad Sharif, was an upper-middle-class businessman and industrialist whose family had emigrated from Anantnag in Kashmir for business, and eventually settled in the village of Jati Umra in Amritsar district, Punjab at the beginning of the twentieth century. His mother's family came from Pulwama. [23] After the movement led by Jinnah and his struggle to create Pakistan in 1947, his parents migrated from Amritsar to Lahore. [21] His father followed the teachings of the Ahl-i Hadith. [24] His family owns Ittefaq Group, a multimillion-dollar steel conglomerate [25] and Sharif Group, a conglomerate company with holdings in agriculture, transport and sugar mills.

He is married to Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif, who is also descended from a Kashmiri family. [26] His brother Shahbaz Sharif is the incumbent Chief Minister of Punjab province, while his nephew Hamza Shahbaz Sharif is a member of the National Assembly. [27] His daughter Maryam Nawaz is currently the chairperson for the prime minister's youth initiative. Maryam is married to politician Muhammad Safdar Awan. [28] His other daughter, Asma Nawaz, is married to Ali Dar, son of Ishaq Dar, the current finance minister of Pakistan. [23] [29] The personal residence of the Sharif family, Raiwind Palace, is located in Jati Umra, Raiwind, on the outskirts of Lahore. [30] He also has a residence in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, known as the Sharif Villa, where he lived during his years in exile. [31] His elder son, Hussain Nawaz, is a businessman based in Saudi Arabia and currently resides in the Jeddah house. [32] His younger son, Hassan Nawaz, is also a businessman and lives in London. [33]

He went to Saint Anthony High School. He graduated from the Government College University (GCU) with an art and business degree and then received a law degree from the Law College of Punjab University in Lahore. [34] [35] Sharif underwent heart surgery in May 2016 in London. It was his second open-heart operation. [36] [37] His deteriorating health forced him to undergo an open heart surgery only three days before the presentation of country's annual budget. Many opposition leaders and the legal fraternity, including former Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry have raised important questions impending constitutional crisis in the country. Chaudhry called for electing a new interim Prime Minister to avoid the crisis. [38]

Other Languages
العربية: نواز شريف
azərbaycanca: Nəvaz Şərif
تۆرکجه: نواز شریف
беларуская: Наваз Шарыф
Bikol Central: Nawaz Sharif
български: Наваз Шариф
brezhoneg: Nawaz Sharif
català: Nawaz Sharif
čeština: Naváz Šaríf
Deutsch: Nawaz Sharif
Ελληνικά: Ναγουάζ Σαρίφ
español: Nawaz Sharif
Esperanto: Naŭaz Ŝarif
euskara: Nawaz Sharif
فارسی: نواز شریف
Fiji Hindi: Nawaz sharif
français: Nawaz Sharif
ગુજરાતી: નવાઝ શરીફ
Հայերեն: Նավազ Շարիֆ
hrvatski: Nawaz Sharif
Bahasa Indonesia: Nawaz Sharif
italiano: Nawaz Sharif
Kapampangan: Nawaz Sharif
ქართული: ნავაზ შარიფი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: نواز شریف
Latina: Nawaz Sharif
latviešu: Navāzs Šarīfs
Lëtzebuergesch: Nawaz Sharif
मैथिली: नवाज शरिफ
मराठी: नवाझ शरीफ
Bahasa Melayu: Nawaz Sharif
Nederlands: Nawaz Sharif
नेपाली: नवाज शरिफ
norsk nynorsk: Nawaz Sharif
پنجابی: نواز شریف
polski: Nawaz Sharif
português: Nawaz Sharif
русский: Шариф, Наваз
संस्कृतम्: नवाझ् शरीफ्
Simple English: Nawaz Sharif
српски / srpski: Наваз Шариф
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nawaz Sharif
svenska: Nawaz Sharif
Türkçe: Navaz Şerif
українська: Наваз Шариф
Tiếng Việt: Nawaz Sharif
Yorùbá: Nawaz Sharif