Native plant

Large-leaved lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus): native to western North America but invasive in several areas worldwide

Native plants are plants indigenous to a given area in geologic time. This includes plants that have developed, occur naturally, or existed for many years in an area.


An ecosystem consists of interactions of plants, animals, and microorganisms with their physical (such as soil conditions and processes) and climatic conditions. Native plants form plant communities and biological interactions with specific flora, fauna, fungi, and other organisms. For example, some plant species can only reproduce with a continued mutualistic interaction with a certain animal pollinator, and the pollinating animal may also be dependent on that plant species for a food source.[1] Some native plants have adapted to very limited, unusual, or harsh conditions, such as cold climates or frequent wildfires. Others can live in diverse areas or adapt well to different surroundings.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Inheemse plante
العربية: نبات واطن
català: Planta nativa
فارسی: گیاه بومی
italiano: Pianta nativa
Bahasa Melayu: Tumbuhan asli
中文: 本土植物