Nanakshahi calendar

The Nanakshahi ( Punjabi: ਨਾਨਕਸ਼ਾਹੀ, nānakashāhī) Calendar is a tropical solar calendar that was adopted by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee to determine the dates for important Sikh events. The calendar was implemented during the SGPC presidency of eminent Sikh scholar Prof. Kirpal Singh Badungar at Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib in the presence of Sikh leadership. [1] It was designed by Pal Singh Purewal to replace the Bikrami calendar and has been in use since 1998. The epoch of this calendar is the birth of the first Sikh Guru, Nanak Dev in 1469. New Year's Day falls annually on what is March 14 in the Gregorian Western calendar. [1]

The calendar is accepted in about 90% of the gurdwaras throughout the world. There is some controversy about the acceptance of the calendar among certain sectors of the Sikh world. [2] Some organizations and factions that have not accepted include the Sant Samaj, Damdami Taksal, and Buddha Dal Nihangs.

Features of the New Calendar:

  • Uses Bikrami calendar Solar Calendar as Base
  • Uses the accurate Tropical year (365 Days, 5 Hours, 48 Minutes, 45 Seconds) rather than the Sidereal year
  • Called Nanakshahi after Guru Nanak (Founder of Sikhism)
  • Year 1 is the Year of Guru Nanak's Birth (1469 C.E.). As an example, December 2017 CE is Nanakshahi 549.
  • Is Based on Gurbani - Month Names are taken from Guru Granth Sahib
  • First Month is Chet, as stated in Gurbani (Ex. Barah Maha Baani)
  • Seasons stay intact with Gurbani
  • Contains 5 Months of 31 days followed by 7 Months of 30 days
  • Leap year every 4 Years in which the last month (Phagun) has an extra day
  • Approved by Akal Takht in 2003

Months

The months in the Nanakshahi calendar are: [1] [3]

No. Name Punjabi Days Gregorian Months
1 Chet ਚੇਤ 31 14 March – 13 April
2 Vaisakh ਵੈਸਾਖ 31 14 April – 14 May
3 Jeth ਜੇਠ 31 15 May – 14 June
4 Harh ਹਾੜ 31 15 June – 15 July
5 Sawan ਸਾਵਣ 31 16 July – 15 August
6 Bhadon ਭਾਦੋਂ 30 16 August – 14 September
7 Assu ਅੱਸੂ 30 15 September – 14 October
8 Katak ਕੱਤਕ 30 15 October – 13 November
9 Maghar ਮੱਘਰ 30 14 November – 13 December
10 Poh ਪੋਹ 30 14 December – 12 January
11 Magh ਮਾਘ 30 13 January – 11 February
12 Phagun ਫੱਗਣ 30/31 12 February – 13 March
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