Nakhon Ratchasima

Nakhon Ratchasima

นครราชสีมา

โคราช
Korat
City of Nakhon Ratchasima
เทศบาลนครนครราชสีมา
Square - panoramio (8).jpg
Koratfootball.jpg
2019 02 Central Mall Korat exterior.jpg
Chum Phon Gate (I).jpg
ナコーンラーチャシーマー駅.jpg
(From top, left to right): Thao Suranaree Monument Downtown, 80th Birthday Stadium, CentralPlaza Nakhon Ratchasima, The City Gate, and Nakhon Ratchasima railway station
Official seal of Nakhon Ratchasima
Seal
Nakhon Ratchasima is located in Thailand
Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 14°58′50″N 102°6′00″E / 14°58′50″N 102°6′00″E / 14.98056; 102.10000
Country Thailand
ProvinceNakhon Ratchasima
DistrictMueang Nakhon Ratchasima
- Settled1656 (Ayutthaya Period)
- as Sanitary districts3 Jan 1908
- as Municipality7 Dec 1935
Government
 • TypeCity Municipality
 • MayorSurawuth Cherdchai
 • Municipal ClerkArlom Tangtaku
Area
 • City Municipality37.5 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
 • Land37.4 km2 (14.45 sq mi)
 • Metro
767.98 km2 (296.52 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • City Municipality166,217
 • Density4,432.45/km2 (11,480.0/sq mi)
 • Metro
444,023
 • Metro density578.17/km2 (1,497.5/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Korat
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
koratcity.go.th

Nakhon Ratchasima (Thai: นครราชสีมา, pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn râːt.t͡ɕʰā.sǐː.māː]) is one of the four major cities of Isan, Thailand, known as the "big four of Isan". The city is commonly known as Korat (โคราช, pronounced [kʰōː.râːt]), a shortened form of its name. It is the governmental seat of the Nakhon Ratchasima Province and Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District. Nakhon Ratchasima is the heart of the Nakhon Ratchasima metropolitan area.

Korat is at the western edge of the Korat Plateau. Historically, it once marked the boundary between Lao and Siamese territory. It is the gateway to the Lao-speaking northeast (Isan). Its location is , the municipal area had a population of 142,645.[1]

Etymology

Archaeological evidence suggests that in Sung Noen District 32 km west of present-day Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat) there were two ancient towns called Sema ("Bai sema" (ใบเสมา) are notable artifacts of the Korat plateau)[citation needed] and Khorakapura. (Pali púra becomes Sanskrit puri, hence Thai (buri), all connoting the same as Thai mueang: "city with defensive wall".) N The latter name was shortened to Nakhon Raj. (Nakhon (นคร) derives from Sanskrit nagara (नगर), "city"; Raj (ราช), from Sanskrit Raj, "sovereign.") The present city name is a portmanteau of Nakhon Raj and Sema.

The city is commonly known as "Korat" (Thai: โคราช), which is a short version of the ancient Khmer name "ankor raj".

Other Languages
català: Khorat
Esperanto: Nakhonratĉasima
Bahasa Indonesia: Nakhon Ratchasima
kalaallisut: Nakhon Ratchasim
lietuvių: Nakhonratčasima
Bahasa Melayu: Nakhon Ratchasima
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နဂရရာဇသီမာမြို့
ភាសាខ្មែរ: នគររាជសីមា
português: Nakhon Ratchasima
Simple English: Nakhon Ratchasima
татарча/tatarça: Наконратчасима
українська: Накхонратчасіма
vepsän kel’: Nakhonratčasim
Tiếng Việt: Nakhon Ratchasima
粵語: 呵叻