Nahuas

Nahuas
Regions with significant populations

Mexico
Oaxaca, Morelos, Puebla, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Veracruz, Jalisco, Estado de México, Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala, Chihuahua, Durango, San Luis Potosi and Guerrero

El Salvador
Ahuachapan, Sonsonate, San Salvador, Santa Ana,
Languages
Nahuatl and Spanish
Religion
Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic), traditional Aztec religion is still practiced also.
Related ethnic groups
Indigenous people of the Americas and Mestizo

The Nahuas (z/[1]) are a group of indigenous people of Mexico and El Salvador. Their Uto-Aztecan languages, Nahuatl and Pipil (Nawat), consist of many dialects, several of which are mutually unintelligible. About 1.5 million Nahuas speak Nahuatl and another million speak only Spanish. Less than 1,000 native speakers of Nawat remain in El Salvador.[2]

Evidence suggests the Nahua peoples originated in Aridoamerica, in regions of the present day northwestern Mexico. They split off from the other Uto-Aztecan speaking peoples and migrated into central Mexico around 500 CE. They settled in and around the Basin of Mexico and spread out to become the dominant people in central Mexico.

Nomenclature

The name Nahua is derived from the Nahuatl word-root nāhua- [ˈnaːwa-],[3] which generally means "audible, intelligible, clear" with different derivations including "language" (hence nāhuat(i) [ˈnaːwat(i)] "to speak clearly" and nāhuatl [ˈnaːwat͡ɬ] both "something that makes an agreeble sound" and "someone who speaks well or speak one's own language").[4] It was used in contrast with popoloca [popoˈloka], "to speak unintelligibly" or "speak a foreign language".[5] Another, related term is Nāhuatlācatl [naːwaˈt͡ɬaːkat͡ɬ] (singular) or Nāhuatlācah [naːwaˈt͡ɬaːkaʔ] (plural) literally "Nahuatl-speaking people".[4]

The Nahuas are also sometimes referred to as Aztecs. Using this term for the Nahuas has generally fallen out of favor in scholarship, though it is still used for the Aztec Empire. They have also been called Mēxihcatl [meːˈʃiʔkat͡ɬ] (singular), Mēxihcah [meːˈʃiʔkaʔ] (plural)[6] or in Spanish Mexicano(s) [mexiˈkano(s)] "Mexicans", after the Mexica, the Nahua tribe which founded and predominated in the Aztec empire.

Other Languages
български: Науа
català: Nahues
Deutsch: Nahua
eesti: Nahuad
Ελληνικά: Νάουα
español: Nahuas
Esperanto: Naŭatloj
euskara: Nahua
français: Nahuas
galego: Nahua
hrvatski: Nahua
interlingua: Nahuas
italiano: Nahua
ქართული: ნაჰუას ხალხი
lietuvių: Nahua
Nāhuatl: Nahuatlacah
Nederlands: Nahua
日本語: ナワ族
norsk: Nahua
polski: Nahua
português: Náuatles
română: Nahua
Runa Simi: Nawa
русский: Науа
slovenščina: Ljudstvo Nahuatl
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nahua
suomi: Nahuat
svenska: Nahua
中文: 納瓦人