Muslim

Muslims
Карло Боссоли. Татарская школа для детей.jpg
An Imam teaches the Qur'an in Crimea, (1850s, lithograph by Carlo Bossoli).
Total population
1.8 billion worldwide (2015 est.) [1] [2] [3]
Founder
Muhammad [4]
Regions with significant populations
  Indonesia 209,120,000 [2]
  Pakistan 178,097,000 [3]
  India 176,200,000 [2]
  Bangladesh 134,430,000 [2]
  Nigeria 77,300,000 [2]
  Egypt 76,990,000 [2]
  Iran 73,570,000 [2]
  Turkey 71,330,000 [2]
  Algeria 34,730,000 [2]
  Morocco 31,930,000 [2]
  Iraq 31,340,000 [2]
  Afghanistan 31,330,000 [2]
  Sudan 30,490,000 [2]
  Ethiopia 28,680,000 [2]
  Uzbekistan 26,550,000 [2]
  Saudi Arabia 25,520,000 [2]
  China 24,690,000 [2]
  Yemen 23,830,000 [2]
  Syria 18,930,000 [2]
  Malaysia 18,100,000 [2]
Rest of the world 287,230,000 [2]
Religions

65–75% Sunni Islam [5] [note 1]
10–13% Shia Islam [5]
15–20% Non-denominational Islam [6]
~1% Ahmadiyya [7]

~1% Other Muslim traditions, e.g. Ibadi Islam [6]
Scriptures
Qur'an [8]
Languages
Sacred languages: [10]

A Muslim is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. Muslims consider the Quran (Koran), their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad ( sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts ( hadith). [11] "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits (to God)". [12]

The beliefs of Muslims include: that God ( Arabic: الله Allāh) is eternal, transcendent and absolutely one ( tawhid or monotheism); that God is incomparable, self-sustaining and neither begets nor was begotten; that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed before through many prophets including Abraham, Moses, Ishmael and Jesus; [13] that these previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time ( tahrif) [14] and that the Qur'an is the final unaltered revelation from God (The Final Testament). [15]

Who counts as a Muslim

The religious practices of Muslims are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam: the declaration of faith ( shahadah), daily prayers ( salat), fasting during the month of Ramadan ( sawm), almsgiving ( zakat), and the pilgrimage to Mecca ( hajj) at least once in a lifetime. [16] [17]

To become a Muslim and to convert to Islam is essential to utter the Shahada, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, a declaration of faith and trust that professes that there is only one God ( Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger. [18] It is a set statement normally recited in Arabic: lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh (لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله) "There is no god but Allah, (and) Muhammad is the messenger of God." [19]

In Sunni Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but God), and Muhammadun rasul Allah ( Muhammad is the messenger of God), [20] which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada. [21] The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlīl. [22]

In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God. [23]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Moslem
العربية: مسلم
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܫܠܡܢܐ
অসমীয়া: মুছলমান
Avañe'ẽ: Musulmã
azərbaycanca: Müsəlman
تۆرکجه: موسلمان
বাংলা: মুসলিম
Bân-lâm-gú: Muslim
башҡортса: Мосолмандар
беларуская: Мусульмане
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мусульмане
български: Мюсюлманин
bosanski: Musliman
català: Musulmà
Cebuano: Muslim
čeština: Muslim
Deutsch: Muslim
eesti: Muslim
Ελληνικά: Μουσουλμάνος
español: Musulmán
Esperanto: Islamano
euskara: Musulman
فارسی: مسلمان
føroyskt: Muslimar
français: Musulman
Frysk: Moslim
galego: Musulmán
ગુજરાતી: મુસલમાન
한국어: 무슬림
हिन्दी: मुसलमान
hrvatski: Musliman
Bahasa Indonesia: Muslim
interlingua: Musulman
italiano: Musulmano
עברית: מוסלמים
Basa Jawa: Muslim
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮುಸ್ಲಿಮ್
ქართული: მუსლიმი
қазақша: Мұсылман
Kiswahili: Mwislamu
Kurdî: Misilman
Кыргызча: Мусулман
лакку: Бусурман
Latina: Musulmanus
latviešu: Musulmaņi
lingála: Mizulmani
മലയാളം: മുസ്‌ലിം
मराठी: मुस्लिम
Bahasa Melayu: Muslim
Baso Minangkabau: Muslim
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မူဆလင်
Nederlands: Moslim
नेपाली: मुसलमान
日本語: ムスリム
нохчийн: Бусалба
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମୁସଲମାନ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Musulmon
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੁਸਲਮਾਨ
پنجابی: مسلمان
polski: Muzułmanin
português: Muçulmano
română: Musulman
русиньскый: Могамедан
русский: Мусульманин
Scots: Muslim
shqip: Myslimani
sicilianu: Mussurmanu
සිංහල: මුස්ලිම්
سنڌي: مسلمان
slovenščina: Muslimani
Soomaaliga: Muslim
کوردی: موسڵمان
српски / srpski: Муслимани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muslimani (vjernici)
suomi: Muslimi
Tagalog: Muslim
தமிழ்: முஸ்லிம்
татарча/tatarça: Мөселман
тоҷикӣ: Мусулмон
Türkçe: Müslüman
українська: Мусульмани
اردو: مسلمان
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مۇسۇلمان
Tiếng Việt: Người Hồi giáo
文言: 穆斯林
Winaray: Muslim
吴语: 穆斯林
Yorùbá: Mùsùlùmí
中文: 穆斯林