Ethiopian music uses a distinct
modal system that is
pentatonic, with characteristically long intervals between some notes. As with many other aspects of Ethiopian culture and tradition, tastes in music and lyrics are strongly linked with those in neighboring
The music of the highlands uses a fundamental modal system called qenet, of which there are four main modes: tezeta, bati, ambassel, and anchihoy.
 Three additional modes are variations on the above: tezeta minor, bati major, and bati minor.
 Some songs take the name of their qenet, such as
tizita, a song of reminiscence.
 When played on traditional instruments, these modes are generally not
tempered (that is, the pitches may deviate slightly from the Western-tempered tuning system), but when played on Western instruments such as pianos and guitars, they are played using the Western-tempered tuning system.
Music in the Ethiopian highlands is generally monophonic or
 In certain southern areas, some music is
Dorze polyphonic singing (edho) may employ up to five parts;
Majangir, four parts.