Mumbai Port Trust

Mumbai Port Trust
Mumbai Port Trust 02.JPG
Logo of Mumbai Port trust
Location
CountryIndia
LocationMumbai, Maharashtra
Coordinates18°56.3′N 72°45.9′E / 18°56.3′N 72°45.9′E / 18.9383; 72.7650[1]
Details
Operated byMumbai Port Trust
Owned byGovernment of India
Available berths63[2]
Wharfs5
Employees7000 [3]
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnage62.82 million tonnes (2017-18)[4][1]
Annual container volume118,000 mumbaiport.gov.in

Mumbai Port Trust is a port which lies midway on the West coast of India, on the natural deep-water harbour of Mumbai (previously known as 'Bombay') in Maharashtra. The harbour spread over 400 square kilometres (150 sq mi) is protected by the mainland of Konkan to its east and north and by the island city of Mumbai to its west.[1] The harbour opens to the south to the Arabian Sea.

The port is administered by the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India.[5] The port is primarily used for bulk cargo, while most container traffic is directed to Nhava Sheva port across the harbour.

History

Mumbai Harbour has been used by ships and boats for centuries. It was used by the Maratha Navy, as well as the British and Portuguese colonial navies.

The Prince's Dock of Mumbai Harbour, c. 1905

The first of the present-day docks of the Mumbai Port were built in the 1870s.[1] Bombay Port Trust (BPT) was established as a corporation on 26 June 1873.[6] BPT's founding chairman was Colonel J.A. Ballard.

Port development was undertaken by the civil engineering partnership Sir John Wolfe-Barry and Lt Col Arthur John Barry as Joint Consulting Engineers to the Bombay Port Trust at the end of the nineteenth century.[7]

From its establishment, the port has been the gateway to India, and was a primary factor in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India. The port and the corporation took their present names in the 1990s.

Over the decades, the port underwent tremendous expansion, with the addition of berths and cargo handling capacities. However, Mumbai's expanding growth and population pressure constrained the growth of the port by the 1970s. This led to the establishment of the Nhava Sheva port across Mumbai Harbour in Navi Mumbai on the Konkan mainland. Nhava Sheva began operations in 1989, and most container traffic now flows through Nhava Sheva.

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