Mumbai

  • mumbai

    bombay
    megacity
    mumbai skyline bwsl.jpg
    gateway of india -mumbai.jpg
    taj hotel, mumbai - india. (14132561875).jpg
    chhatrapati shivaji maharaj terminal.jpg
    bandra worli sea-link.jpg
    mumbai skyline at night.jpg
    top to bottom: mumbai skyline, the gateway of india (l), taj mahal palace hotel (r), chhatrapati shivaji maharaj terminus and the bandra–worli sea link, mumbai night skyline
    coat of arms of mumbai
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    city of seven islands,[1] bollywood,[2] gateway of india, city of dreams, skyscrapers city, maximum city, city that never sleeps[3]
    interactive map outlining greater mumbai (mumbai city district and mumbai suburban district)
    mumbai is located in mumbai
    mumbai
    mumbai
    location of mumbai in maharashtra, india
    mumbai is located in maharashtra
    mumbai
    mumbai
    mumbai (maharashtra)
    mumbai is located in india
    mumbai
    mumbai
    mumbai (india)
    mumbai is located in asia
    mumbai
    mumbai
    mumbai (asia)
    mumbai is located in earth
    mumbai
    mumbai
    mumbai (earth)
    coordinates: 18°58′30″n 72°49′33″e / 18°58′30″n 72°49′33″e / 18.97500; 72.82583

    mumbai (english: /, marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as bombay /, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the indian state of maharashtra. according to united nations, as of 2018, mumbai was the second most populous city in india after delhi and the seventh most populous city in the world with a population of 19.98 million.[18] as per indian government population census of 2011, mumbai was the most populous city in india with an estimated city proper population of 12.5 million living under municipal corporation of greater mumbai.[19] mumbai is the centre of the mumbai metropolitan region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 23.64 million.[20] mumbai lies on the konkan coast on the west coast of india and has a deep natural harbour. in 2008, mumbai was named an alpha world city.[21] it is also the wealthiest city in india,[22][23] and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in india.[24][25] mumbai is home to three unesco world heritage sites: the elephanta caves, chhatrapati shivaji maharaj terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of victorian and art deco buildings.[26][27]

    the seven islands that constitute mumbai were originally home to communities of marathi language speaking koli people, who originated in gujarat in prehistoric times.[28][29][30] for centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the portuguese empire and subsequently to the east india company when in 1661 charles ii of england married catherine of braganza and as part of her dowry charles received the ports of tangier and seven islands of bombay.[31] during the mid-18th century, bombay was reshaped by the hornby vellard project,[32] which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea.[33] along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed bombay into a major seaport on the arabian sea. bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. during the early 20th century it became a strong base for the indian independence movement. upon india's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into bombay state. in 1960, following the samyukta maharashtra movement, a new state of maharashtra was created with bombay as the capital.[34]

    mumbai is the financial, commercial[35] and entertainment capital of india. it is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[36] generating 6.16% of india's gdp[37] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in india (mumbai port trust and jnpt),[38] and 70% of capital transactions to india's economy.[39][40] mumbai's billionaires had the highest average wealth of any city in the world in 2008.[41][42] the city houses important financial institutions such as the reserve bank of india, the bombay stock exchange, the national stock exchange of india, the sebi and the corporate headquarters of numerous indian companies and multinational corporations. it is also home to some of india's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like bhabha atomic research centre, nuclear power corporation of india, indian rare earths, tata institute of fundamental research, atomic energy regulatory board, atomic energy commission of india, department of atomic energy and the indian institute of technology bombay. the city also houses india's hindi (bollywood) and marathi cinema industries. mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living,[43] attract migrants from all over india, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures.

  • etymology
  • history
  • geography
  • economy
  • civic administration
  • politics
  • transport
  • utility services
  • architecture
  • demographics
  • culture
  • media
  • education
  • sports
  • see also
  • references
  • sources
  • external links

Mumbai

Bombay
Mumbai skyline BWSL.jpg
Gateway of India -Mumbai.jpg
Taj Hotel, Mumbai - India. (14132561875).jpg
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminal.jpg
Bandra Worli Sea-Link.jpg
Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg
Top to bottom: Mumbai skyline, the Gateway of India (L), Taj Mahal Palace Hotel (R), Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus and the Bandra–Worli Sea Link, Mumbai night skyline
Nickname(s): 
City of Seven Islands,[1] Bollywood,[2] Gateway of India, City of Dreams, Skyscrapers City, Maximum City, City that Never Sleeps[3]
Interactive map outlining Greater Mumbai (Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District)
Mumbai is located in Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai
Location of Mumbai in Maharashtra, India
Mumbai is located in Maharashtra
Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Mumbai is located in India
Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai (India)
Mumbai is located in Asia
Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai (Asia)
Mumbai is located in Earth
Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai (Earth)
Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500; 72.82583

Mumbai (English: /, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. According to United Nations, as of 2018, Mumbai was the second most populous city in India after Delhi and the seventh most populous city in the world with a population of 19.98 million.[18] As per Indian government population census of 2011, Mumbai was the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.5 million living under Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.[19] Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 23.64 million.[20] Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.[21] It is also the wealthiest city in India,[22][23] and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India.[24][25] Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.[26][27]

The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people, who originated in Gujarat in prehistoric times.[28][29][30] For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay.[31] During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project,[32] which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea.[33] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.[34]

Mumbai is the financial, commercial[35] and entertainment capital of India. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[36] generating 6.16% of India's GDP[37] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[38] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy.[39][40] Mumbai's billionaires had the highest average wealth of any city in the world in 2008.[41][42] The city houses important financial institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India, the SEBI and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Indian Rare Earths, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic Energy Commission of India, Department of Atomic Energy and the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. The city also houses India's Hindi (Bollywood) and Marathi cinema industries. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living,[43] attract migrants from all over India, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mumbai
Akan: Mumbai
Alemannisch: Mumbai
አማርኛ: ሙምባይ
العربية: مومباي
aragonés: Bombai
Արեւմտահայերէն: Մումպայ
arpetan: Mumbai
অসমীয়া: মুম্বাই
asturianu: Mumbai
azərbaycanca: Mumbay
تۆرکجه: بمبئی
Bali: Mumbai
বাংলা: মুম্বই
Bân-lâm-gú: Mumbai
башҡортса: Мумбаи
беларуская: Мумбаі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мумбаі
भोजपुरी: मुंबई
Bikol Central: Mumbai
български: Мумбай
བོད་ཡིག: འབོམ་སྦེ
bosanski: Mumbai
brezhoneg: Mumbai
буряад: Мумбай
català: Bombai
Чӑвашла: Бомбей
čeština: Bombaj
Chi-Chewa: Mumbai
Cymraeg: Mumbai
dansk: Mumbai
davvisámegiella: Mumbai
Deutsch: Mumbai
ދިވެހިބަސް: މުންބާއީ
dolnoserbski: Mumbai
डोटेली: मुम्बई
eesti: Mumbai
Ελληνικά: Μουμπάι
эрзянь: Мумбаи ош
español: Bombay
Esperanto: Mumbajo
estremeñu: Bombay
euskara: Mumbai
فارسی: بمبئی
Fiji Hindi: Mumbai
føroyskt: Mumbai
français: Bombay
Frysk: Bombay
Gaeilge: Mumbai
Gàidhlig: Mumbai
galego: Bombai
ГӀалгӀай: Мумбаи
贛語: 孟買
ગુજરાતી: મુંબઈ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Bombaim
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mumbai
한국어: 뭄바이
Hausa: Mumbai
հայերեն: Մումբայ
हिन्दी: मुम्बई
hornjoserbsce: Mumbai
hrvatski: Mumbai
Ido: Mumbai
Ilokano: Mumbai
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পুল্লাপ মুম্বাই
Bahasa Indonesia: Mumbai
interlingua: Mumbai
Interlingue: Mumbai
Ирон: Мумбаи
íslenska: Mumbai
italiano: Mumbai
עברית: מומבאי
Jawa: Mumbai
Kabɩyɛ: Pombe
kalaallisut: Mumbai
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮುಂಬೈ
Kapampangan: Mumbai
ქართული: მუმბაი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بَمبَے
қазақша: Мумбаи
kernowek: Mumbai
Kiswahili: Mumbai
kriyòl gwiyannen: Bombay
kurdî: Mumbaî
Кыргызча: Мумбаи
Latina: Mumbai
latviešu: Mumbaja
Lëtzebuergesch: Mumbai
лезги: Мумбаи
lietuvių: Mumbajus
Limburgs: Bombay
la .lojban.: mymbais
lumbaart: Mumbai
magyar: Mumbai
मैथिली: मुम्बई
македонски: Мумбај
Malagasy: Mumbai
മലയാളം: മുംബൈ
Māori: Mumbai
मराठी: मुंबई
მარგალური: მუმბაი
مصرى: مومباى
مازِرونی: بمبئی
Bahasa Melayu: Mumbai
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mumbai
монгол: Мумбай
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မွမ်ဘိုင်းမြို့
Nāhuatl: Mumbai
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Mubai
Nederlands: Bombay
नेपाली: मुम्बई
नेपाल भाषा: ग्रेटर मुम्बई
日本語: ムンバイ
нохчийн: Мумбаи
Nordfriisk: Mumbai
norsk: Mumbai
norsk nynorsk: Mumbai
occitan: Bombai
олык марий: Мумбаи
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମୁମ୍ବାଇ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mumbay
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੁੰਬਈ
پنجابی: ممبئی
پښتو: ممبای
Piemontèis: Mumbai
Plattdüütsch: Mumbai
polski: Mumbaj
português: Bombaim
Qaraqalpaqsha: Mumbai
română: Mumbai
romani čhib: Mumbai
Runa Simi: Mumbai
русиньскый: Мумбаі
русский: Мумбаи
саха тыла: Мумбаи
संस्कृतम्: मुम्बई
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
sardu: Bombay
Scots: Mumbai
sicilianu: Mumbai
සිංහල: මුම්බායි
Simple English: Mumbai
سنڌي: ممبئي
slovenčina: Bombaj
slovenščina: Mumbaj
ślůnski: Bůmbaj
کوردی: مومبای
српски / srpski: Мумбај
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mumbaj
suomi: Mumbai
svenska: Bombay
Tagalog: Mumbai
தமிழ்: மும்பை
Taqbaylit: Mumbay
tarandíne: Mumbai
татарча/tatarça: Mumbai
తెలుగు: ముంబై
ไทย: มุมไบ
тоҷикӣ: Мумбай
ತುಳು: ಮುಂಬೈ
Türkçe: Mumbai
Türkmençe: Mumbai
Twi: Mumbai
українська: Мумбаї
اردو: ممبئی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Bombay
vepsän kel’: Mumbai
Tiếng Việt: Mumbai
Volapük: Mumbai
Võro: Mumbai
Winaray: Mumbai
吴语: 孟买
ייִדיש: מומביי
Yorùbá: Mumbai
粵語: 孟買
žemaitėška: Mombajos
中文: 孟买