Mount Kenya

Mount Kenya
Mount Kenya.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 5,199 m (17,057 ft)  [1]
Prominence 3,825 m (12,549 ft)  [1]
Ranked 32nd
Isolation 323 kilometres (201 mi)
Listing Seven Second Summits
Country high point
Ultra
Coordinates 0°9′03″S 37°18′27″E / 0°9′03″S 37°18′27″E / -0.15083; 37.30750 [1]
Geography
Mount Kenya is located in Kenya
Mount Kenya
Mount Kenya
Topo map Mt Kenya by Wielochowski and Savage [2] [3]
Geology
Mountain type Stratovolcano (extinct)
Last eruption 2.6–3.1 MYA
Climbing
First ascent 1899 by Halford Mackinder, with guides César Ollier and Joseph Brocherel
Easiest route Rock climb

Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. [4] The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 metres (17,057 ft)), Nelion (5,188 metres (17,021 ft)) and Point Lenana (4,985 metres (16,355 ft)). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, the heart of Kenya, about 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi) south of the equator, around 150 kilometres (93 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. [4] Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.

Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African rift. [5] Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded slopes [6] and numerous valleys radiating from the centre. [7] There are currently 11 small glaciers. The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya. [8]

There are several vegetation bands from the base to the summit. [9] The lower slopes are covered by different types of forest. Many alpine species are endemic to Mount Kenya, such as the giant lobelias and senecios and a local subspecies of rock hyrax. [10] An area of 715 km2 (276 sq mi) around the centre of the mountain was designated a National Park [11] and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. [12] The park receives over 16,000 visitors per year. [8]

Mount Kenya National Park

Mount Kenya National Park, established in 1949, protects the region surrounding the mountain. Currently the national park is within the forest reserve which encircles it. [13] In April 1978 the area was designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. [14] The national park and the forest reserve, combined, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. [12]

The Government of Kenya had four reasons for creating a national park on and around Mount Kenya. These were the importance of tourism for the local and national economies, preserve an area of great scenic beauty, conserve the biodiversity within the park and to preserve the water catchment for the surrounding area. [8]

Kenya’s government has announced a project to discourage animals from straying into small holdings surrounding the Park and devastating crops. The project will see the Park enclosed by an electric fence with five electrified strands and is expected to be completed by 2014. The fence will discharge an electric shock, but is not dangerous to humans or animals. [15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Berg Kenia
العربية: جبل كينيا
беларуская: Кенія (гара)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кенія (гара)
български: Кения (планина)
brezhoneg: Menez Kenya
català: Mont Kenya
Cebuano: Mount Kenya
čeština: Mount Kenya
Cymraeg: Mynydd Cenia
Ελληνικά: Όρος Κένυα
español: Monte Kenia
Esperanto: Monto Kenja
فارسی: کوه کنیا
français: Mont Kenya
galego: Monte Kenya
Gĩkũyũ: Kĩrĩnyaga
한국어: 케냐 산
Հայերեն: Քենիա (լեռ)
hrvatski: Mount Kenya
Bahasa Indonesia: Gunung Kenya
íslenska: Kenýafjall
italiano: Monte Kenya
עברית: הר קניה
ქართული: კენია (მთა)
Kiswahili: Mlima Kenya
latviešu: Kenijas kalns
lietuvių: Kenijos kalnas
magyar: Kenya-hegy
Nederlands: Mount Kenya
日本語: ケニア山
norsk nynorsk: Mount Kenya
occitan: Mont Kenya
پنجابی: ماؤنٹ کینیا
português: Monte Quénia
română: Muntele Kenya
русский: Кения (гора)
Simple English: Mount Kenya
slovenčina: Mount Kenya
Soomaaliga: Mount kenya
српски / srpski: Кенија (планина)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mount Kenya
svenska: Mount Kenya
Türkçe: Kenya Dağı
українська: Кенія (гора)
vèneto: Monte Kenya
Tiếng Việt: Núi Kenya
Winaray: Bukid Kenya
žemaitėška: Kenėjės kalns
中文: 肯尼亚山
Kabɩyɛ: Keniya pʊʊ