Mossad

Mossad
The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations
מדינת ישראל
הַמוֹסָד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים

الموساد للاستخبارات والمهام الخاصة
Mossad seal.svg
"Where no counsel is, the people fall, but in the multitude of counselors there is safety." (Proverbs XI:14)
(Previous motto: "For by stratagems you wage war." (Proverbs 24:6))[1]
Agency overview
FormedDecember 13, 1949 as the Central Institute for Coordination
HeadquartersTel Aviv, Israel
Employees1,200 (est)
Agency executive
Parent agencyOfficial website

Mossad (d/; Hebrew: הַמוֹסָד‬, IPA: [ha moˈsad]; Arabic: الموساد‎, al-Mōsād, IPA: [almoːˈsaːd]; literally meaning "the Institute"), short for HaMossad leModiʿin uleTafkidim Meyuḥadim (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים‬, meaning "Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations"), is the national intelligence agency of Israel. It is one of the main entities in the Israeli Intelligence Community, along with Aman (military intelligence) and Shin Bet (internal security).

Mossad is responsible for intelligence collection, covert operations, and counterterrorism. In contrast to the government and military, the goals, structure and powers of the Mossad are exempt from the constitutional laws of the State of Israel. However, its activity is subject to secret procedures that have never been published. Its director answers directly to the Prime Minister. Its counter-terrorist unit is known as Kidon.

Organization

Executive offices

The largest department of Mossad is Collections, tasked with many aspects of conducting espionage overseas. Employees in the Collections Department operate under a variety of covers, including diplomatic and unofficial.[2] The Political Action and Liaison Department is responsible for working with allied foreign intelligence services, and nations that have no normal diplomatic relations with Israel.[2] Additionally, Mossad has a Research Department, tasked with intelligence production, and a Technology Department concerned with the development of tools for Mossad activities.[3]

History

Mossad was formed on December 13, 1949, as the Central Institute for Coordination at the recommendation of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion to Reuven Shiloah. Ben Gurion wanted a central body to coordinate and improve cooperation between the existing security services—the army's intelligence department (AMAN), the Internal Security Service (Shin Bet), and the foreign office's "political department". In March 1951, it was reorganized and made a part of the prime minister's office, reporting directly to the prime minister.

Motto

Mossad's former motto, be-tachbūlōt ta`aseh lekhā milchāmāh (Hebrew: בתחבולות תעשה לך מלחמה‎) is a quote from the Bible (Proverbs 24:6): "For by wise guidance you can wage your war" (NRSV). The motto was later changed to another Proverbs passage: be-'éyn tachbūlōt yippol `ām; ū-teshū`āh be-rov yō'éts (Hebrew: באין תחבולות יפול עם, ותשועה ברוב יועץ‎, Proverbs 11:14). This is translated by NRSV as: "Where there is no guidance, a nation falls, but in an abundance of counselors there is safety."

Counter-terrorist units

Metsada

Metsada is a unit responsible for attacking the enemy. Metsada runs "small units of combatants" whose missions include "assassinations and sabotage".[4]

Kidon

The Kidon is a unit which belongs to the Caesarea department (one of Mossad's eight departments). It is described by Yaakov Katz as "an elite group of expert assassins who operate under the Caesarea branch of the espionage organization. Not much is known about this mysterious unit, details of which are some of the most closely guarded secrets in the Israeli intelligence community." It recruits from "former soldiers from the elite IDF special force units."[5] This unit has been a part of Israel's policy of assassinations, a policy that Israel has used more than any other country in the West, with Ronen Bergman stating it has carried out at least 2,700 assassination missions.[6][7][8]

Venture capital

Mossad has opened a venture capital fund, in order to invest in hi-tech startups to develop new cyber technologies.[9] The names of technology startups funded by Mossad will not be published.[9]

Operation Harpoon

Together with Shurat HaDin, they started Operation Harpoon, for ”destroying terrorists’ money networks.”[10][11]

Other Languages
العربية: موساد
asturianu: Mosad
azərbaycanca: Mossad
বাংলা: মোসাদ
башҡортса: Моссад
беларуская: Масад
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Масад
български: Мосад
bosanski: Mossad
brezhoneg: Mossad
català: Mossad
čeština: Mosad
Cymraeg: Mossad
dansk: Mossad
Deutsch: Mossad
eesti: Mossad
Ελληνικά: Μοσάντ
español: Mosad
Esperanto: Mosado
euskara: Mossad
فارسی: موساد
français: Mossad
Frysk: Mossad
galego: Mossad
한국어: 모사드
հայերեն: Մոսադ
हिन्दी: मोसाद
hrvatski: Mossad
Bahasa Indonesia: Mossad
íslenska: Mossad
italiano: Mossad
Basa Jawa: Mossad
ქართული: მოსადი
Kreyòl ayisyen: Mossad
kurdî: Mossad
Ladino: Mosad
لۊری شومالی: مۊساد
latviešu: Mossad
lietuvių: Mossad
magyar: Moszad
македонски: Мосад
മലയാളം: മൊസാദ്
मराठी: मोसाद
مصرى: موساد
Bahasa Melayu: Mossad
Nederlands: Mossad
नेपाल भाषा: मोसाद
norsk: Mossad
norsk nynorsk: Mossad
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੋਸਾਦ
پښتو: موساد
polski: Mosad
português: Mossad
română: Mosad
русский: Моссад
Scots: Mossad
shqip: Mossad
Simple English: Mossad
slovenčina: Mosad
slovenščina: Mosad
کوردی: مۆساد
српски / srpski: Мосад
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mossad
suomi: Mossad
svenska: Mossad
தமிழ்: மொசாட்
Türkçe: Mossad
українська: Моссад
اردو: موساد
Tiếng Việt: Mossad