Moselle

Moselle
La Moselle
Schweicher Annaberg.jpg
Typical landscape of Moselle vineyards near Schweich
Location
CountryFrance, Germany, Luxembourg
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationVosges mountains
 - elevation715 m (2,346 ft)
Mouth 
 - locationRhine
 - coordinates50°21′58″N 7°36′25″E / 50°21′58″N 7°36′25″E / Rhine-Moselle)290 cubic metres per second (10,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionRhineNorth Sea
Moselle river at Pont-a-Mousson, France
Moselle river valley from the open air museum Roscheider Hof, Konz, Germany
Moselle river at Trier, Germany
Moselle river near Cochem, Germany
Beilstein on the Moselle
Moselle river at Cochem, Germany

The Moselle (French: la Moselle, IPA: [mɔzɛl]; German: Mosel; Luxembourgish: Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany. It is a left tributary of the Rhine, which it joins at Koblenz. A small part of Belgium is also drained by the Moselle through the Sauer and the Our.

The Moselle "twists and turns its way between Trier and Koblenz along one of Germany's most beautiful river valleys."[1] It flows through a region that has been influenced by mankind since it was first cultivated by the Romans. Today, its hillsides are covered by terraced vineyards where "some of the best Rieslings grow",[1] and numerous ruined castles dominate the hilltops above wine villages and towns that line the riverbanks. Traben-Trarbach with its art nouveau architecture and Bernkastel-Kues with its traditional market square are two of the many popular tourist attractions on the Moselle river.

Name

The name Moselle is derived from the Celtic name form, Moseal, via the Latin Mosella, a diminutive form of Mosa, the Latin description of the Meuse, which used to flow parallel to the Moselle. So the Mosella was the "Little Meuse".

The Moselle is first recorded by Tacitus in Book 13 of his Annals[2] and in Book 4 of his Histories.[3]

The Roman poet, Decimius Magnus Ausonius, made it a literary theme as early as the 4th century. In his poem dated A.D. 371, called Mosella, which was published in 483 hexameters, this poet of the Late Antiquity and teacher at the Trier Imperial Court (Kaiserhof) described a journey from Bingen over the Hunsrück hills to the Moselle and then following its course to Trier on the road named after him, the Via Ausonius. Ausonius describes flourishing and rich landscapes along the river and in the valley of the Moselle, thanks to the policies of their Roman rulers.

The river subsequently gave its name to two French republican départements: Moselle and Meurthe-et-Moselle.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Mosel
አማርኛ: ሞዘል ወንዝ
العربية: موزيل
asturianu: Ríu Mosela
تۆرکجه: موزل چایی
беларуская: Мозель
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мозэль
български: Мозел
Boarisch: Mosl
brezhoneg: Moselle (stêr)
català: Mosel·la
Cebuano: Moselle River
čeština: Mosela
Cymraeg: Afon Moselle
dansk: Mosel
Deutsch: Mosel
español: Río Mosela
Esperanto: Mozelo
فارسی: موزل (رود)
galego: Río Mosela
한국어: 모젤강
հայերեն: Մոզել (գետ)
hornjoserbsce: Mosela
Bahasa Indonesia: Sungai Moselle
Interlingue: Mosel
italiano: Mosella
עברית: מוזל (נהר)
latviešu: Mozele
Lëtzebuergesch: Musel
lietuvių: Mozelis (upė)
lumbaart: Mosella
magyar: Mosel
македонски: Мозел (река)
Nederlands: Moezel (rivier)
日本語: モーゼル川
norsk: Mosel
norsk nynorsk: Mosel
occitan: Mosèla (riu)
Plattdüütsch: Mosel
polski: Mozela
português: Rio Mosela
Ripoarisch: Mosel
română: Râul Mosela
русиньскый: Мозель (ріка)
русский: Мозель
Scots: Moselle
Seeltersk: Mosel
Simple English: Moselle River
slovenčina: Mosela (rieka)
slovenščina: Mozela
српски / srpski: Мозел
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mozel
suomi: Mosel
svenska: Mosel
Türkçe: Moselle Nehri
удмурт: Мозель
українська: Мозель (річка)
اردو: موزیل
West-Vlams: Moezel
中文: 摩澤爾河