Morocco

Kingdom of Morocco
  • المملكة المغربية (Arabic)
  • ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)
Motto: 
الله، الوطن، الملك  (Arabic)
Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik
ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber)

"God, Homeland, King"
Anthem: 
النشيد الوطني المغربي  (Arabic)
ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ  (Berber)
Cherifian Anthem
Dark green: Internationally recognized territory of MoroccoLighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and mostly controlled by Morocco as its Southern Provinces
Dark green: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco
Lighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and mostly controlled by Morocco as its Southern Provinces
Location of Morocco
CapitalRabat
34°02′N 6°51′W / 34°02′N 6°51′W / 34.033; -6.850
Largest cityCasablanca
33°32′N 7°35′W / 33°32′N 7°35′W / 33.533; -7.583
Official languages
Spoken languages
Other languagesFrench[note 1]
English
Spanish
Ethnic groups (2014[2])
[1]
ReligionSunni Islam[a] (official)[3]
DemonymMoroccan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy[4]
• King
Mohammed VI
Saadeddine Othmani
LegislatureParliament
House of Councillors
House of Representatives
Moroccan statehood
• Idrisid dynasty (first dynasty)
788
• Alaouite dynasty (current dynasty)
1631
30 March 1912
7 April 1956
Area
• Total
710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi)
or 446,550 km2[b]
(40th or 57th)
• Water (%)
0.056 (250 km2)
Population
• 2017 census
35,740,000[5]
• Density
79.0/km2 (204.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$300,556 billion[6]
• Per capita
$8,612[7]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$109.82 billion[8]
• Per capita
$3,151[9]
Gini (2007)40.9[10]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.647[11]
medium · 123th
CurrencyMoroccan dirham (MAD)
Time zoneGMT[12] (UTC⁠)
• Summer (DST)
GMT+1 (DST suspended during Ramadan) [13] (UTC+1)
Drives on theright
Calling code+212
ISO 3166 codeMA
Internet TLD.ma
  1. ^ Official religion.
  2. ^ The area 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories, while 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) includes the Moroccan-administered parts of Western Sahara (claimed as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic by the Polisario Front).

Morocco (/ (About this sound listen);[14] officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco,[15] is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people.[16][17] Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences.

Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court.

Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD.[18][19] The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

Etymology

The full Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyyah (المملكة المغربية) translates to "Kingdom of the West"; although "the West" in Arabic is الغرب Al-Gharb. For historical references, medieval Arab historians and geographers sometimes referred to Morocco as al-Maghrib al-Aqṣá (المغرب الأقصى, meaning "The Farthest West") to distinguish it from neighbouring historical regions called al-Maghrib al-Awsaṭ (المغرب الأوسط, meaning "The Middle West") and al-Maghrib al-Adná (المغرب الأدنى, meaning "The Nearest West").[20]

The basis of Morocco's English name is Marrakesh, its capital under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad Caliphate.[21] The origin of the name Marrakesh is disputed,[22] but is most likely from the Berber words amur (n) akush (ⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⴰⴽⵓⵛ) or "Land of God".[23] The modern Berber name for Marrakesh is Mṛṛakc (in the Berber Latin script). In Turkish, Morocco is known as Fas, a name derived from its ancient capital of Fes. However, this was not the case in other parts of the Islamic world: until the middle of the 20th century, the common name of Morocco in Egyptian and Middle Eastern Arabic literature was Marrakesh (مراكش);[citation needed] this name is still used in some languages such as Persian, Urdu and Punjabi. The English name Morocco is an anglicisation of the Spanish Marruecos.

Other Languages
Acèh: Maghribi
адыгабзэ: Марокко
Afrikaans: Marokko
Alemannisch: Marokko
አማርኛ: ሞሮኮ
Ænglisc: Morocco
العربية: المغرب
aragonés: Marruecos
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܓܪܒ
arpetan: Maroc
asturianu: Marruecos
Avañe'ẽ: Marruéko
azərbaycanca: Mərakeş
تۆرکجه: مراکش
bamanankan: Maroko
বাংলা: মরক্কো
Bahasa Banjar: Maroko
Bân-lâm-gú: Morocco
башҡортса: Марокко
беларуская: Марока
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марока
भोजपुरी: मोरक्को
Bikol Central: Moroko
български: Мароко
Boarisch: Marokko
བོད་ཡིག: མོ་རོ་ཁོ།
bosanski: Maroko
brezhoneg: Maroko
буряад: Марокко
català: Marroc
Чӑвашла: Марокко
Cebuano: Maruwekos
čeština: Maroko
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Marruecos
chiShona: Morocco
Cymraeg: Moroco
dansk: Marokko
davvisámegiella: Marokko
Deutsch: Marokko
ދިވެހިބަސް: މައުރިބު
dolnoserbski: Marokko
eesti: Maroko
Ελληνικά: Μαρόκο
español: Marruecos
Esperanto: Maroko
estremeñu: Marruecu
euskara: Maroko
eʋegbe: Moroko
فارسی: مراکش
Fiji Hindi: Morocco
føroyskt: Marokko
français: Maroc
Frysk: Marokko
Gaeilge: Maracó
Gaelg: Yn Varoc
Gagauz: Marokko
Gàidhlig: Maroco
galego: Marrocos
Gĩkũyũ: Morocco
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: मोरोक्को
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Morocco
한국어: 모로코
Hausa: Moroko
Հայերեն: Մարոկկո
हिन्दी: मोरक्को
hornjoserbsce: Marokko
hrvatski: Maroko
Ido: Maroko
Igbo: Morocco
Ilokano: Morocco
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মরক্কো
Bahasa Indonesia: Maroko
interlingua: Marocco
Interlingue: Morocco
Ирон: Марокко
isiZulu: IMorokho
íslenska: Marokkó
italiano: Marocco
עברית: מרוקו
Basa Jawa: Maroko
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮೊರಾಕೊ
Kapampangan: Morocco
ქართული: მაროკო
қазақша: Марокко
kernowek: Marokk
Kinyarwanda: Maroke
Kiswahili: Moroko
Kongo: Maroko
Kreyòl ayisyen: Mawòk
kurdî: Maroko
Кыргызча: Марокко
кырык мары: Марокко
Ladino: Maroko
لۊری شومالی: مراکش
Latina: Marocum
latviešu: Maroka
Lëtzebuergesch: Marokko
lietuvių: Marokas
Ligure: Maròcco
Limburgs: Marokko
lingála: Marɔkɛ
Livvinkarjala: Marokko
la .lojban.: morgu'e
Luganda: Morocco
lumbaart: Maroch
magyar: Marokkó
македонски: Мароко
Malagasy: Marôka
മലയാളം: മൊറോക്കൊ
Malti: Marokk
मराठी: मोरोक्को
მარგალური: მაროკო
مصرى: المغرب
مازِرونی: مراکش
Bahasa Melayu: Maghribi
Baso Minangkabau: Maroko
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Morocco
Mirandés: Marrocos
монгол: Марокко
Nederlands: Marokko
नेपाली: मोरक्को
नेपाल भाषा: मोरक्को
日本語: モロッコ
нохчийн: Марокко
Nordfriisk: Marokko
Norfuk / Pitkern: Morocco
norsk: Marokko
norsk nynorsk: Marokko
Novial: Moroko
occitan: Marròc
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମୋରୋକ୍କୋ
Oromoo: Morookoo
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Marokash
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੋਰਾਕੋ
पालि: मोराको
پنجابی: مراکش
Papiamentu: Morocco
پښتو: مراکش
Patois: Marako
Piemontèis: Maròch
Plattdüütsch: Marokko
polski: Maroko
português: Marrocos
Qaraqalpaqsha: Marokko
qırımtatarca: Mağrip
română: Maroc
Runa Simi: Maruku
русский: Марокко
саха тыла: Марокко
संस्कृतम्: मोराको
Sängö: Marôko
sardu: Marocco
Scots: Morocco
Seeltersk: Marokko
Sesotho: Morocco
Sesotho sa Leboa: Morocco
shqip: Maroku
sicilianu: Maroccu
Simple English: Morocco
SiSwati: IMorokho
slovenčina: Maroko
slovenščina: Maroko
ślůnski: Maroko
Soomaaliga: Marooko
کوردی: مەغریب
српски / srpski: Мароко
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maroko
Basa Sunda: Maroko
suomi: Marokko
svenska: Marocko
Tagalog: Morocco
தமிழ்: மொரோக்கோ
Taqbaylit: Ameṛṛuk
татарча/tatarça: Марокко
తెలుగు: మొరాకో
ትግርኛ: ሞሮኮ
тоҷикӣ: Марокаш
Türkçe: Fas
Türkmençe: Marokko
Twi: Morocco
удмурт: Марокко
українська: Марокко
اردو: مراکش
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ماراكەش
vèneto: Maroco
vepsän kel’: Marok
Tiếng Việt: Maroc
Volapük: Marokän
Võro: Maroko
walon: Marok
文言: 摩洛哥
West-Vlams: Marokko
Winaray: Morocco
Wolof: Marok
吴语: 摩洛哥
Xitsonga: Morokho
ייִדיש: מאראקא
Yorùbá: Mòrókò
粵語: 摩洛哥
Zazaki: Marok
Zeêuws: Marokko
žemaitėška: Maruoks
中文: 摩洛哥
डोटेली: मोरोक्को
Kabɩyɛ: Marɔkɩ
Lingua Franca Nova: Magrib