Moraine

The snow-free debris hills around the lagoon are lateral and terminal moraines of a valley glacier in Nepal.

A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (regolith and rock) that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth (i.e. a past glacial maximum), through geomorphological processes. Moraines are formed from debris previously carried along by a glacier, and normally consist of somewhat rounded particles ranging in size from large boulders to minute glacial flour. Lateral moraines are formed at the side of the ice flow and terminal moraines at the foot, marking the maximum advance of the glacier. Other types of moraine include ground moraines (till-covered areas with irregular topography) and medial moraines (moraines formed where two glaciers meet).

Etymology

The word moraine is derived from the French root moraine, which in turn is derived from the Savoyard Italian morena, from Franco-Provençal mor, morre (“muzzle, snout”), and eventually from Vulgar Latin *murrum.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Morene
Alemannisch: Moräne
العربية: ركام جليدي
aragonés: Morrena
azərbaycanca: Moren
беларуская: Марэна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марэна (геалёгія)
български: Морена
català: Morrena
čeština: Moréna
Cymraeg: Marian
Deutsch: Moräne
español: Morrena
Esperanto: Moreno
euskara: Morrena
فارسی: یخ‌رفت
français: Moraine
Frysk: Morene
Gaeilge: Moiréan
galego: Morena
한국어: 빙퇴석
հայերեն: Մորեն
hrvatski: Morena
Ido: Moreno
Bahasa Indonesia: Moraine
interlingua: Morena
íslenska: Jökulgarður
italiano: Morena
ქართული: მორენა
қазақша: Морена
Kreyòl ayisyen: Morèn
Кыргызча: Морена
Latina: Morena
latviešu: Morēna
lietuvių: Morena
magyar: Moréna
македонски: Морена
Bahasa Melayu: Morain
Nederlands: Morene
日本語: モレーン
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Morena
polski: Morena
português: Morena (geologia)
română: Morenă
русский: Морена
Scots: Moraine
shqip: Morena
Simple English: Moraine
slovenčina: Moréna
slovenščina: Morena
српски / srpski: Morena (geomorfologija)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Morena
Türkçe: Moren
українська: Морена
中文: 冰碛