Monocotyledon

  • monocotyledons
    temporal range: early cretaceous – recent
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    wheat close-up.jpg
    wheat – an economically important monocotyledon
    scientific classification e
    kingdom: plantae
    clade: tracheophytes
    clade: angiosperms
    clade: monocots
    type genus
    lilium
    l.[1]
    orders
    • alismatid monocots
    • acorales
    • alismatales
    • lilioid monocots
    • asparagales
    • dioscoreales
    • liliales
    • pandanales
    • petrosaviales
    • commelinid monocots
    • arecales
    • commelinales
    • poales
    • zingiberales
    synonyms
    • alternifoliae bessey[2]
    • endogenae dc.[3]
    • lilianae takht.[4][5]
    • liliatae cronquist, takht. & w.zimm.[a][1]
    • liliidae takht.[b][5][8]
    • liliopsida batsch[9]
    • monocotyleae eichler[10]
    • monocotyledoneae e.morren ex mez[11][c]
    • monocotyledones

    monocotyledons (n/),[d][13][14] commonly referred to as monocots, (lilianae sensu chase & reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms), the seeds of which typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon. they constitute one of the major groups into which the flowering plants have traditionally been divided, the rest of the flowering plants having two cotyledons and therefore classified as dicotyledons, or dicots. however, molecular phylogenetic research has shown that while the monocots form a monophyletic group or clade (comprising all the descendants of a common ancestor), the dicotyledons do not. monocotyledons have almost always been recognized as a group, but with various taxonomic ranks and under several different names. the apg iii system of 2009 recognises a clade called "monocots" but does not assign it to a taxonomic rank.

    the monocotyledons include about 60,000 species. the largest family in this group (and in the flowering plants as a whole) by number of species are the orchids (family orchidaceae), with more than 20,000 species. about half as many species belong to the true grasses (poaceae), which are economically the most important family of monocotyledons. in agriculture the majority of the biomass produced comes from monocotyledons. these include not only major grains (rice, wheat, maize, etc.), but also forage grasses, sugar cane, and the bamboos. other economically important monocotyledon crops include various palms (arecaceae), bananas and plantains (musaceae), gingers and their relatives, turmeric and cardamom (zingiberaceae), asparagus (asparagaceae), pineapple (bromeliaceae), water chestnut (cyperaceae), and leeks, onion and garlic (amaryllidaceae). many houseplants are monocotyledon epiphytes. additionally most of the horticultural bulbs, plants cultivated for their blooms, such as lilies, daffodils, irises, amaryllis, cannas, bluebells and tulips, are monocotyledons.

  • description
  • taxonomy
  • ecology
  • conservation
  • uses
  • see also
  • notes
  • citations
  • bibliography
  • external links

Monocotyledons
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous – Recent
Wheat close-up.JPG
Wheat – an economically important monocotyledon
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Type genus
Lilium
L.[1]
Orders
Synonyms

Monocotyledons (n/),[d][13][14] commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms), the seeds of which typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon. They constitute one of the major groups into which the flowering plants have traditionally been divided, the rest of the flowering plants having two cotyledons and therefore classified as dicotyledons, or dicots. However, molecular phylogenetic research has shown that while the monocots form a monophyletic group or clade (comprising all the descendants of a common ancestor), the dicotyledons do not. Monocotyledons have almost always been recognized as a group, but with various taxonomic ranks and under several different names. The APG III system of 2009 recognises a clade called "monocots" but does not assign it to a taxonomic rank.

The monocotyledons include about 60,000 species. The largest family in this group (and in the flowering plants as a whole) by number of species are the orchids (family Orchidaceae), with more than 20,000 species. About half as many species belong to the true grasses (Poaceae), which are economically the most important family of monocotyledons. In agriculture the majority of the biomass produced comes from monocotyledons. These include not only major grains (rice, wheat, maize, etc.), but also forage grasses, sugar cane, and the bamboos. Other economically important monocotyledon crops include various palms (Arecaceae), bananas and plantains (Musaceae), gingers and their relatives, turmeric and cardamom (Zingiberaceae), asparagus (Asparagaceae), pineapple (Bromeliaceae), water chestnut (Cyperaceae), and leeks, onion and garlic (Amaryllidaceae). Many houseplants are monocotyledon epiphytes. Additionally most of the horticultural bulbs, plants cultivated for their blooms, such as lilies, daffodils, irises, amaryllis, cannas, bluebells and tulips, are monocotyledons.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Monokotyledonen
azərbaycanca: Birləpəlilər
башҡортса: Бер өлөшлөләр
беларуская: Аднадольныя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аднадольныя
български: Едносемеделни
català: Liliòpsids
čeština: Jednoděložné
Cymraeg: Monocotyledon
euskara: Liliopsida
français: Monocotylédone
Gaeilge: Monocotylidae
한국어: 외떡잎식물
हिन्दी: एकबीजपत्री
hrvatski: Jednosupnice
Ilokano: Monocotyledon
italiano: Liliopsida
Kiswahili: Monokotiledoni
Kreyòl ayisyen: Monokotiledòn
kurdî: Liliopsida
latviešu: Viendīgļlapji
Lëtzebuergesch: Liliopsida
lietuvių: Lelijainiai
magyar: Egyszikűek
македонски: Монокотиледони
მარგალური: ართლებერამეფი
Bahasa Melayu: Monokotiledon
Nederlands: Eenzaadlobbigen
日本語: 単子葉植物
norsk nynorsk: Einfrøblada plantar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bir pallali oʻsimliklar
پنجابی: اکدالے
português: Monocotiledónea
русский: Однодольные
sicilianu: Monocotyledon
Simple English: Monocotyledon
slovenščina: Enokaličnice
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Monokotiledone biljke
Sunda: Liliopsida
Taqbaylit: Taynayyawin
తెలుగు: ఏకదళబీజాలు
Türkçe: Tek çenekliler
українська: Однодольні
اردو: یک دالہ
žemaitėška: Vėinskiltē augalā