Mohammad bin Salman

Mohammad bin Salman
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia
Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud - 2017.jpg
Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Reign 21 June 2017 – present
Predecessor Muhammad bin Nayef
Born (1985-08-31) 31 August 1985 (age 32) [a]
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Spouse Sara bint Mashoor [1]
Issue 4
Full name
Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud
House House of Saud
Father King Salman
Mother Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen al-Ajmi
Religion Sunni Islam

Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud ( Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود‎; born 31 August 1985 [a]), also known as MBS, [7] [8] is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister, [9] President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defense—the world's youngest office holder at the time. [10] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman. [11] He was appointed Crown Prince [12] in June 2017 following his father's decision to remove Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammad bin Salman heir apparent to the throne. [13] [14] [15] He has been accused of risking instability in the Middle East through his detention of human rights activists, intervention in Yemen, escalation of Saudi's diplomatic crisis with Qatar [16] and the start of the diplomatic crisis with Lebanon, as well as his arrests of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017. [17] [18] [19] His proposed Saudi 2030 vision includes economic, social and religious changes, and plans to list shares of the coveted, state-owned oil company Aramco. [20] [21] [22]

Despite promised reforms, the arrests and persecutions rate of human rights activists have risen under Mohammad bin Salman. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch continue to criticize the Saudi government for its violations of human rights. [23] [24] [25]

Early life and education

Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud was born on 31 August 1985 [a] in Riyadh. [26] [note 1] He is the son of King Salman from his third spouse, [28] Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen. [1] She is the granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe. [29]

Prince Mohammad bin Salman is the eldest of his full siblings, [28] Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group, and Khalid bin Salman. [30] Prince Mohammad holds a bachelor's degree in law from King Saud University, [31] and has been called a "lawyer by training". [7]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Məhəmməd ibn Salman
Bahasa Indonesia: Muhammad bin Salman al-Saud
Bahasa Melayu: Mohammad bin Salman
Simple English: Mohammad bin Salman
српски / srpski: Мухамед ибн Салман
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muhamed ibn Salman
Tiếng Việt: Mohammad bin Salman