Mohammad bin Salman

Mohammed bin Salman
Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud - 2017.jpg
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
First Deputy Prime Minister
Assumed office
21 June 2017
MonarchSalman
Preceded byMuhammad bin Nayef
Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia
Assumed office
23 January 2015
MonarchSalman
Preceded bySalman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Deputy Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Second Deputy Prime Minister
In office
29 April 2015 – 21 June 2017
MonarchSalman
Prime MinisterSalman
Preceded byMuhammad bin Nayef
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
Born
Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

(1985-08-31) 31 August 1985 (age 33)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
Spouse(s)Sarah bint Mashhoor bin Abdulaziz Al Saud[1]
Children4
Parents
  • King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia
  • Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen al-Ajmi
Full nameMohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud
HouseHouse of Saud

Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعودMuhammad bin Salmān bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd; born 31 August 1985[2][3][4]), colloquially known as MbS, is the crown prince of Saudi Arabia. He is currently serving as the country's deputy prime minister[5] (the title of prime minister being held by the king) and is also chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs, chairman of the Council of Political and Security Affairs, and minister of defense – the world's youngest at the time of his appointment.[6] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman. He was appointed crown prince[7] in June 2017 following King Salman’s decision to remove Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammed bin Salman heir presumptive to the throne.[8][9][10]

He has led a handful of successful reforms, which include regulations restricting the powers of the religious police,[11] and the removal of the ban on female drivers.[12] Other cultural developments under his reign include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadium to admit women,[13] and an increased presence of women in the workforce.[14] His Vision 2030 program aims to diversify the Saudi economy through investment in non-oil sectors including technology and tourism. In 2016 he announced plans to list the shares of the state oil company Saudi Aramco.[15]

Despite international praise for his strides towards the social and economic liberalisation of Saudi Arabia, commentators and human rights groups have been vocally critical of Mohammed bin Salman's leadership and the shortfalls of his reform program, citing a rising number of detentions and alleged torture of human rights activists,[16] his bombing of Yemen in which war-induced famine could in 2018/2019 cause 13 million civilians to starve,[17] the escalation of the Qatar diplomatic crisis,[18] the start of the Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute, the arrest of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017 and the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi.[19][20][21] Non-governmental organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch continue to criticize the Saudi government for its violations of human rights.[22][23][24]

Early life and education

Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud was born on 31 August 1985.[3][4][25] He is the son of King Salman from his third spouse,[26] Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen.[1] She is a granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe.[27]

Prince Mohammed bin Salman is the eldest among his mother's children;[26] his full siblings include Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group, and Khalid bin Salman.[28] Prince Mohammed holds a bachelor's degree in law from King Saud University.[29]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Məhəmməd ibn Salman
Bahasa Indonesia: Muhammad bin Salman al-Saud
Bahasa Melayu: Mohammad bin Salman
Baso Minangkabau: Muhammad bin Salman
norsk nynorsk: Mohammed bin Salman
Simple English: Mohammad bin Salman
српски / srpski: Мухамед ибн Салман
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muhamed ibn Salman
Tiếng Việt: Mohammad bin Salman