Mohammad bin Salman

Mohammad bin Salman
Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud - 2017.jpg
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
First Deputy Prime Minister
Assumed office
21 June 2017
MonarchSalman
Preceded byMuhammad bin Nayef
Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia
Assumed office
23 January 2015
MonarchSalman
Preceded bySalman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Deputy Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Second Deputy Prime Minister
In office
29 April 2015 – 21 June 2017
MonarchSalman
Prime MinisterSalman
Preceded byMuhammad bin Nayef
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
BornMohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
(1985-08-31) 31 August 1985 (age 33)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Spouse(s)Sara bint Mashoor[1]
Children4
ParentsKing Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen al-Ajmi
Full nameMohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud
HouseHouse of Saud

Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعودMuhammad bin Salmān bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd; born 31 August 1985[1][2][3]), known colloquially as MbS,[1][4][5] is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister,[6] President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defense—the world's youngest office holder at the time.[7] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman.[8] He was appointed Crown Prince[9] in June 2017 following his father's decision to remove Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammad bin Salman heir apparent to the throne.[10][11][12]

He has led several successful reforms, which include regulations restricting the powers of the religious police,[13] and the removal of the ban on female drivers.[14] Further cultural developments under his reign include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadium to admit women,[15] and an increased presence of women in the workforce.[16]

Despite international praise for his strides towards liberalisation of Saudi domestic issues, commentators and human rights groups have been vocally critical of bin Salman's leadership, citing his detention and torture of human rights activists, intervention in Yemen, escalation of Saudi's diplomatic crisis with Qatar[17] and the start of the diplomatic crisis with Lebanon, as well as his arrests of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017, as failure to perform pledged reforms.[18][19][20] His proposed Saudi 2030 vision includes economic, social and religious changes, and plans to list shares of the coveted, state-owned oil company Aramco.[21][22][23]Despite promised reforms, the arrests and persecutions rate of human rights activists have risen under Mohammad bin Salman. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch continue to criticize the Saudi government for its violations of human rights.[24][25][26]

Early life and education

Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud was born on 31 August 1985.[2][3][27] He is the son of King Salman from his third spouse,[28] Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan bin Hathleen.[1] She is the granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe.[29]

Prince Mohammad bin Salman is the eldest among his mother's children;[28] his full siblings include Turki bin Salman, former chairman of the Saudi Research and Marketing Group, and Khalid bin Salman.[30] Prince Mohammad holds a bachelor's degree in law from King Saud University.[31]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Məhəmməd ibn Salman
Bahasa Indonesia: Muhammad bin Salman al-Saud
Bahasa Melayu: Mohammad bin Salman
Simple English: Mohammad bin Salman
српски / srpski: Мухамед ибн Салман
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Muhamed ibn Salman
Tiếng Việt: Mohammad bin Salman