Moghol language

Mogholi
Native toAfghanistan
RegionNear Herat
Ethnicity2,000[1]
Native speakers
200 (2003)[2]
Mongolic
  • Mogholi
Language codes
ISO 639-3mhj
mogh1245[3]

Moghol (or Mogholi; Dari: مُغُلی‬) is a possibly extinct Mongolic language once spoken in the region of Herat, Afghanistan, in the villages of Kundur and Karez-i-Mulla. The speakers were the Moghol people, who numbered 2,000 members in the 1970s. They descend from the remnants of Genghis Khan's Mongol army stationed in Afghanistan in the 13th century.[4]

In the 1970s, when the German scholar Michael Weiers did fieldwork on the language, few people spoke it, most knew it passively and most were older than 40. It is unknown if there are still speakers of the language.[5]

The language has been strongly influenced by Persian in its phonology, morphology and syntax, causing Weiers to state that it has the appearance of a "true Inner Asian creole language".[5]

Grammar

Moghol grammar shows substantial influence from Persian languages, having borrowed even word classes not found in other Mongolic languages: the parts of speech are nouns, verbs, adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, adverbs and conjunctions.

Nouns are marked for number and case. Verbs are marked for person, number, tense-aspect and mode. Adjectives inflect for the comparative and superlative degree with the Persian suffixes -tar and -tariin, but not for number and case.

Phonology

Moghol's phonology is influenced by Tajik. It has a system of six vowel qualities with no length contrast: /i e a u o ɔ/.[5]

Consonants
Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Stop voiceless p t k q ʔ
voiced b d g
Affricate voiceless t͡ʃ
voiced d͡ʒ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ h
voiced z ʒ
Nasal m n
Approximant l j w
Trill r ʀ
Other Languages
العربية: لغة مغولية
asturianu: Idioma mogholi
беларуская: Магольская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Магольская мова
brezhoneg: Mogolieg
Deutsch: Moghol
español: Idioma mogholi
فارسی: زبان مغلی
français: Moghol (langue)
한국어: 모골어
hrvatski: Mogholi jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Moghol
italiano: Lingua mogholi
македонски: Моголски јазик
монгол: Могол хэл
日本語: モゴール語
norsk: Mogholisk
Piemontèis: Lenga mogholi
Simple English: Moghol language
ślůnski: Mogolskŏ gŏdka
中文: 蒙戈勒語