Mingrelian language

მარგალური ნინა margaluri nina
Native toGeorgia
RegionSamegrelo, Abkhazia
Native speakers
344,000 (2015)[1]
Georgian script
Language codes
ISO 639-3xmf
Kartvelian languages.svg

Mingrelian or Megrelian (მარგალური ნინა margaluri nina) is a Kartvelian language spoken in Western Georgia (regions of Samegrelo and Abkhazia), primarily by the Mingrelians. The language was also called Iverian (Georgian iveriuli ena) in the early 20th century. Since Mingrelian has historically been only a regional language within boundaries of both historical Georgian states and modern Georgia, the number of younger people speaking it has decreased substantially, with UNESCO designating it as a "definitely endangered language".[3]

Distribution and status

No reliable figures exist for the number of Mingrelian native speakers, but it is estimated to be between 300,000 and 500,000. Most speakers live in the Samegrelo (Mingrelia) region of Georgia, which comprises the Odishi Hills and the Kolkheti Lowlands, from the Black Sea coast to the Svan Mountains and the Tskhenistskali River. Smaller enclaves existed in Abkhazia,[4] but the ongoing civil unrest there has displaced many Mingrelian speakers to other regions of Georgia. Their geographical distribution is relatively compact, which has helped to promote the transmission of the language between generations.

Mingrelian is generally written with the Georgian alphabet, but has no written standard or official status. Almost all speakers are bilingual; they use Mingrelian mainly for familiar and informal conversation, and Georgian (or, for expatriate speakers, the local official language) for other purposes.

In the summer of 1999, books of the Georgian poet Murman Lebanidze were burned in the Mingrelian capital, Zugdidi, after he made disparaging remarks about the Mingrelian language.[5]

Other Languages
asturianu: Megrelianu
azərbaycanca: Meqrel dili
تۆرکجه: مقرل دیلی
български: Мегрелски език
brezhoneg: Megreleg
català: Mingrelià
Чӑвашла: Мегрел чĕлхи
čeština: Mingrelština
Esperanto: Mingrela lingvo
français: Mingrélien
한국어: 민그렐어
հայերեն: Մեգրելերեն
עברית: מגרלית
ქართული: მეგრული ენა
lietuvių: Megrelų kalba
македонски: Мегрелски јазик
მარგალური: მარგალური ნინა
Nederlands: Mingreels
日本語: メグレル語
Nordfriisk: Mingreelisk Spriik
norsk: Mingrelsk
norsk nynorsk: Mingrelsk
Piemontèis: Lenga mingrelian
português: Língua mingrélia
svenska: Megreliska
Türkçe: Megrelce
українська: Мегрельська мова
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Mingrelia
Zazaki: Megrelki