Milan

Milan
Milano
Comune
Comune di Milano
Clockwise from top: Porta Nuova, Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, La Scala, Sforza Castle, CityLife project, Arch of Peace, and Milan Cathedral
Flag of Milan
Flag
Coat of arms of Milan
Coat of arms
Milan is located in Lombardy
Milan
Milan
Milan is located in Italy
Milan
Milan
Milan is located in Europe
Milan
Milan
Coordinates: 45°28′N 09°11′E / 45°28′N 09°11′E / 45.467; 9.183
Country Italy
Region Lombardy
MetroFlag of Milan Province.png Milan (MI)
Government
 • BodyMilan City Council
 • MayorGiuseppe Sala (PD)
Area
 • Total181.76 km2 (70.18 sq mi)
Elevation120 m (390 ft)
Population (30 April 2018)[1]
 • Total1,369,466
Demonym(s)
  • Milanese (plural: "Milanesi")
  • Meneghino (plural: "Meneghini")[2]
Area code(s)0039 02
Websitewww.comune.milano.it

Milan (n/;[3] Italian: Milano [miˈlaːno] (About this sound listen); Lombard: Milan [miˈlãː] (Milanese variant))[4][5] is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,369,466 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,238,665.[6] Its continuously built-up urban area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City of Milan) has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres (730 square miles),[7] ranking 4th[clarification needed] in the European Union. The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan, is a polycentric metropolitan region that extends over central Lombardy and eastern Piedmont and which counts an estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy.[8][9][10][11][12] Milan served as capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 to 402 and the Duchy of Milan during the middle and early modern age.[citation needed]

Milan is considered a leading alpha global city,[13] with strengths in the field of the art, commerce, design, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, services, research and tourism. Its business district hosts Italy's Stock Exchange and the headquarters of national and international banks and companies. In terms of GDP, it has the third-largest economy among European cities after Paris and London, but the fastest in growth among the three, and is the wealthiest among European non-capital cities.[14][15] Milan is considered part of the Blue Banana and one of the "Four Motors for Europe."

The city has been recognized as the world’s fashion capital and the world's design capital,[16] thanks to several international events and fairs, including Milan Fashion Week and the Milan Furniture Fair, which are currently among the world's biggest in terms of revenue, visitors and growth.[17][18][19] It hosted the Universal Exposition in 1906 and 2015. The city hosts numerous cultural institutions, academies and universities, with 11% of the national total enrolled students.[20] Milan is the destination of 8 million overseas visitors every year, attracted by its museums and art galleries that boast some of the most important collections in the world, including major works by Leonardo da Vinci. The city is served by a large number of luxury hotels and is the fifth-most starred in the world by Michelin Guide.[21] The city is home to two of Europe's most successful football teams, A.C. Milan and F.C. Internazionale, and one of Italy's main basketball teams, Olimpia Milano.

Toponymy

Ruins of the Emperor's palace in Mediolanum.

The etymology of the name Milan (Lombard: Milan [miˈlãː]) remains uncertain. One theory holds that the Latin name Mediolanum comes from the Latin words medio (in the middle) and planus (plain).[22] However, some scholars believe that lanum comes from the Celtic root lan, meaning an enclosure or demarcated territory (source of the Welsh word llan, meaning "a sanctuary or church", ultimately cognate to English/German Land) in which Celtic communities used to build shrines.[23] Hence Mediolanum could signify the central town or sanctuary of a Celtic tribe. Indeed, about sixty Gallo-Roman sites in France bore the name "Mediolanum", for example: Saintes (Mediolanum Santonum) and Évreux (Mediolanum Aulercorum).[24] In addition, another theory links the name to the boar sow (the Scrofa semilanuta) an ancient emblem of the city, fancifully accounted for in Andrea Alciato's Emblemata (1584), beneath a woodcut of the first raising of the city walls, where a boar is seen lifted from the excavation, and the etymology of Mediolanum given as "half-wool",[25] explained in Latin and in French.

The foundation of Milan is credited to two Celtic peoples, the Bituriges and the Aedui, having as their emblems a ram and a boar;[26] therefore "The city's symbol is a wool-bearing boar, an animal of double form, here with sharp bristles, there with sleek wool."[27] Alciato credits Ambrose for his account.[28]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Milaan
Alemannisch: Mailand
አማርኛ: ሚላኖ
Ænglisc: Megelan
العربية: ميلانو
aragonés: Milán
arpetan: Milan
asturianu: Milán
Aymar aru: Milano
azərbaycanca: Milan
تۆرکجه: میلان
বাংলা: মিলান
Bân-lâm-gú: Milano
беларуская: Мілан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мілян
Bikol Central: Milan
български: Милано
Boarisch: Mailand
བོད་ཡིག: མི་ལཱན།
bosanski: Milano
brezhoneg: Milano
català: Milà
Чӑвашла: Милан
čeština: Milán
chiShona: Milan
corsu: Milanu
Cymraeg: Milan
dansk: Milano
Deutsch: Mailand
eesti: Milano
Ελληνικά: Μιλάνο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Milàn
español: Milán
Esperanto: Milano
estremeñu: Milán
euskara: Milan
فارسی: میلان
føroyskt: Milano
français: Milan
Frysk: Milaan
furlan: Milan
Gaeilge: Milano
Gagauz: Milan
Gàidhlig: Milano
galego: Milán
ગુજરાતી: મિલાન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Milano
한국어: 밀라노
Hausa: Milano
հայերեն: Միլան
हिन्दी: मिलानो
hornjoserbsce: Mailand
hrvatski: Milano
Ido: Milano
Bahasa Indonesia: Milan
interlingua: Milano
Interlingue: Milano
Ирон: Милан
íslenska: Mílanó
italiano: Milano
עברית: מילאנו
Basa Jawa: Milano
kalaallisut: Milano
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಿಲಾನ್
Kapampangan: Milan
къарачай-малкъар: Милан
ქართული: მილანი
қазақша: Милан
kernowek: Milano
Kiswahili: Milano
коми: Милан
Kreyòl ayisyen: Milan
kurdî: Mîlano
Кыргызча: Милан
Ladino: Milano
лезги: Милан
Latina: Mediolanum
latviešu: Milāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Mailand
lietuvių: Milanas
Ligure: Milan
Limburgs: Milaan
lumbaart: Milan
magyar: Milánó
македонски: Милано
മലയാളം: മിലാൻ
मराठी: मिलान
მარგალური: მილანი
مصرى: ميلانو
مازِرونی: میلان
Bahasa Melayu: Milan
монгол: Милан
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မီလန်မြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Milan
Nederlands: Milaan (stad)
Nedersaksies: Milaan
नेपाल भाषा: मिलान
日本語: ミラノ
Napulitano: Milano
нохчийн: Милан
norsk: Milano
norsk nynorsk: Milano
Novial: Milano
occitan: Milan
олык марий: Милан
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Milan (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਿਲਾਨ
پنجابی: میلان
Papiamentu: Milano
پښتو: میلان
Picard: Milan
Piemontèis: Milan
Plattdüütsch: Mailand
polski: Mediolan
português: Milão
Qaraqalpaqsha: Milan
română: Milano
rumantsch: Milaun
Runa Simi: Milano
русский: Милан
саха тыла: Милан
संस्कृतम्: मिलानो
sardu: Milanu
Scots: Milan
shqip: Milano
sicilianu: Milanu
Simple English: Milan
slovenčina: Miláno
slovenščina: Milano
ślůnski: Milano
Soomaaliga: Milan
کوردی: میلان
српски / srpski: Милано
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Milano
suomi: Milano
svenska: Milano
தமிழ்: மிலன்
Taqbaylit: Milano
tarandíne: Meláne
татарча/tatarça: Milan
తెలుగు: మిలన్
tetun: Milano
ไทย: มิลาน
тоҷикӣ: Милан
Türkçe: Milano
Twi: Milano
українська: Мілан
اردو: میلان
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Milan
vèneto: Miłan
vepsän kel’: Milan
Tiếng Việt: Milano
Volapük: Milano
文言: 米蘭
West-Vlams: Milaan
Winaray: Milan
吴语: 米兰
ייִדיש: מילאן
粵語: 米蘭
žemaitėška: Mėlans
中文: 米蘭