Mike Pence

Mike Pence
Mike Pence official portrait.jpg
48th Vice President of the United States
Assumed office
January 20, 2017
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byJoe Biden
50th Governor of Indiana
In office
January 14, 2013 – January 9, 2017
LieutenantSue Ellspermann
Eric Holcomb
Preceded byMitch Daniels
Succeeded byEric Holcomb
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
LeaderJohn Boehner
Preceded byAdam Putnam
Succeeded byJeb Hensarling
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byDavid M. McIntosh
Succeeded byLuke Messer
Constituency2nd district (2001–2003)
6th district (2003–2013)
Personal details
Born
Michael Richard Pence

(1959-06-07) June 7, 1959 (age 59)
Columbus, Indiana, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Other political
affiliations
Democratic (before 1983)[1]
Spouse(s)
Karen Batten (m. 1985)
Children3, including Charlotte
RelativesGreg Pence (brother)
ResidenceNumber One Observatory Circle, Washington, D.C.
EducationHanover College (BA)
Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis (JD)
SignatureOfficial website

Michael Richard Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 48th and current Vice President of the United States. He previously was the 50th Governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017 and a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. He is the younger brother of U.S. politician Greg Pence.

Born and raised in Columbus, Indiana, Pence graduated from Hanover College and earned a law degree from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law before entering private practice. After losing two bids for a U.S. congressional seat in 1988 and 1990, he became a conservative radio and television talk show host from 1994 to 1999. Pence was elected to the United States Congress in 2000 and represented Indiana's 2nd congressional district and Indiana's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. He served as the chairman of the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011.[2] Pence described himself as a "principled conservative" and supporter of the Tea Party movement,[3] stating that he was "a Christian, a conservative, and a Republican, in that order."[4]

Upon becoming Governor of Indiana in January 2013, Pence initiated the largest tax cut in Indiana's history and pushed for more funding for education initiatives. Pence signed bills intended to restrict abortions, including one that prohibited abortions if the reason for the procedure was the fetus's race, gender, or disability.[5] After Pence signed the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, he encountered fierce resistance from moderate members of his party, the business community, and LGBT advocates. The backlash against the RFRA led Pence to amend the bill to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and other criteria.

Pence was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017. He had withdrawn his gubernatorial reelection campaign in July to become the running mate of Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, who went on to win the presidential election on November 8, 2016.

Early life and career

Michael Richard Pence was born June 7, 1959, in Columbus, Indiana, one of six children of Nancy Jane (née Cawley) and Edward Joseph Pence Jr.,[6][7] who ran a group of gas stations.[8][9] His father served in the U.S. Army during the Korean War and received the Bronze Star in 1953, which Pence displays in his office along with its commendation letter and a reception photograph.[10] His family were Irish Catholic Democrats.[11] Pence was named after his grandfather, Richard Michael Cawley, who emigrated from County Sligo, Ireland, to the United States through Ellis Island, following an aunt and his brother James, and became a bus driver in Chicago, Illinois.[12][13][14][15] His maternal grandmother's parents were from Doonbeg, County Clare.[16][17]

Pence graduated from Columbus North High School in 1977. He earned a BA degree in history from Hanover College in 1981, and a JD degree from the Indiana University's Robert H. McKinney School of Law in Indianapolis in 1986.[18] While at Hanover, Pence joined the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, where he became the chapter president.[19] Actor Woody Harrelson has said that he knew Pence while both were students at Hanover.[20] After graduating from Hanover, Pence was an admissions counselor at the college from 1981 to 1983.[21]

In his childhood and early adulthood, Pence was a Roman Catholic and a Democrat. He volunteered for the Bartholomew County Democratic Party in 1976 and voted for Jimmy Carter in the 1980 presidential election,[14][1] and has stated that he was originally inspired to get involved in politics by people such as John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr.[1] While in college, Pence became an evangelical, born-again Christian, to the great disappointment of his mother.[1][14] His political views also started shifting to the right during this time in his life, something which Pence attributes to the "common-sense conservatism of Ronald Reagan" that he began to identify with.[1][22]

Pence meeting President Ronald Reagan at the White House in 1988

After graduating from law school in 1986, Pence was an attorney in private practice.[23] He ran unsuccessfully for a congressional seat in 1988 and in 1990. In 1991, he became the president of the Indiana Policy Review Foundation, a self-described free-market think tank and a member of the State Policy Network, a position he held until 1993.[24][25][26]

Shortly after his first congressional campaign in 1988, radio station WRCR-FM in Rushville, Indiana hired Pence to host a weekly half-hour radio show, Washington Update with Mike Pence.[27] In 1992, Pence began hosting a daily talk show on WRCR, The Mike Pence Show, in addition to a Saturday show on WNDE in Indianapolis.[28][24][29][27] Pence called himself "Rush Limbaugh on decaf" since he considered himself politically conservative while not as outspoken as Limbaugh.[30][31] Beginning on April 11, 1994, Network Indiana syndicated The Mike Pence Show statewide.[32] With a 9 a.m. to noon (ET) time slot, the program reached as many as 18 radio stations in Indiana, including WIBC in Indianapolis.[24] Pence ended his radio show in September 1999 to focus on his 2000 campaign for Congress, which he eventually won.[33] From 1995 to 1999, Pence hosted a weekend public affairs TV show also titled The Mike Pence Show on Indianapolis TV station WNDY.[34][27]

Other Languages
አማርኛ: ማይክ ፔንስ
العربية: مايك بنس
aragonés: Mike Pence
asturianu: Mike Pence
azərbaycanca: Mayk Pens
تۆرکجه: مایک پنس
Bân-lâm-gú: Mike Pence
беларуская: Майк Пенс
Bislama: Mike Pence
български: Майк Пенс
bosanski: Mike Pence
brezhoneg: Mike Pence
català: Mike Pence
čeština: Mike Pence
dansk: Mike Pence
Deutsch: Mike Pence
eesti: Mike Pence
Ελληνικά: Μάικ Πενς
español: Mike Pence
Esperanto: Mike Pence
euskara: Mike Pence
فارسی: مایک پنس
føroyskt: Mike Pence
français: Mike Pence
Gaeilge: Mike Pence
한국어: 마이크 펜스
հայերեն: Մայք Փենս
हिन्दी: माइक पेन्स
hrvatski: Mike Pence
Ilokano: Mike Pence
Bahasa Indonesia: Mike Pence
Interlingue: Mike Pence
íslenska: Mike Pence
italiano: Mike Pence
עברית: מייק פנס
ქართული: მაიკ პენსი
қазақша: Майк Пенс
kurdî: Mike Pence
latviešu: Maiks Penss
lietuvių: Mike Pence
lumbaart: Mike Pence
magyar: Mike Pence
македонски: Мајк Пенс
მარგალური: მაიკ პენსი
مصرى: مايك بنس
Bahasa Melayu: Mike Pence
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mike Pence
Mirandés: Mike Pence
Nederlands: Mike Pence
norsk: Mike Pence
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mike Pence
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਈਕ ਪੈਂਸ
پنجابی: مائیک پینس
Plattdüütsch: Michael Richard Pence
polski: Mike Pence
português: Mike Pence
română: Mike Pence
русский: Пенс, Майк
Scots: Mike Pence
Simple English: Mike Pence
slovenčina: Mike Pence
slovenščina: Mike Pence
کوردی: مایک پێنس
српски / srpski: Мајк Пенс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mike Pence
suomi: Mike Pence
svenska: Mike Pence
Türkçe: Mike Pence
українська: Майк Пенс
Tiếng Việt: Mike Pence
Winaray: Mike Pence
ייִדיש: מייק פענס
粵語: 邁克朋斯