Mentioned in dispatches
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
In some countries, a service member's name must be mentioned in dispatches as a condition for receiving certain decorations.
Service men and women of the
Before 1914 nothing was worn in uniform to signify a mention in despatches, although sometimes a gallantry medal was also awarded.
For 1914–1918 and up to 10 August 1920, the device consisted of a spray of oak leaves in bronze worn on the ribbon of the
From 1920 to 1993, the device consisted of a single bronze oak leaf, worn on the ribbon of the appropriate campaign medal, including the
Since 1993 a number of changes have been made in respect of United Kingdom armed forces:
For awards made from September 1993, the oak leaf has been in silver. The criteria were also made more specific, it now being defined as an operational gallantry award for acts of bravery during active operations.
In a change introduced in 2014, up to three MiD devices may be worn on a single campaign medal and ribbon bar for those with multiple mentions, backdated to 1962. Prior to this change, even if the serviceman was mentioned in despatches more than once, only a single such device was worn.
Prior to 1979, a mention in despatches was one of three awards that could be made
Soldiers can be mentioned multiple times. The British First World War Victoria Cross recipient
Below are illustrations of the MiD device being worn on a variety of campaign medal ribbons:
|First World War|
|Army & RAF
|Second World War|
|Silver oak leaf device||Awards since 1993|
Australian service personnel are no longer eligible to be mentioned in dispatches. Since 15 January 1991, when the
A mention in dispatches – in French, Citation à l'ordre du jour – gives recognition from a senior commander for acts of brave or meritorious service, normally in the field. The Mention in dispatches is among the
Mention in dispatches has been used since 1947, in order to recognize distinguished and meritorious service in operational areas and acts of gallantry which are not of a sufficiently high order to warrant the grant of gallantry awards.
Eligible personnel include all Army, Navy and Air Force personnel including personnel of the Reserve Forces, Territorial Army, Militia and other lawfully constituted armed forces, members of the Nursing Service and civilians working under or with the armed forces.
Personnel can be mentioned in dispatches posthumously and multiple awards are also possible. A recipient of a mention in a dispatch is entitled to wear an emblem, in the form of a lotus leaf on the ribbon of the relevant campaign medal. They are also issued with an official certificate from the Ministry of Defence.
Under the current Pakistani military honours system, the
In 1920 the
In 1943, the
The mention in dispatches (MiD) was one of only four awards which could be made posthumously. The others were the
The King's Commendation (South Africa) (1939–45) was denoted by a bronze
The MiD and the King's Commendation (SA) were the only decorations that could be approved by the South African Minister of Defence without reference to the King.