Menelik II

  • menelik ii
    emperor of ethiopia
    emperor menelik ii.png
    emperor of ethiopia
    reign10 march 1889 – 12 december 1913
    coronation3 november 1889
    predecessoryohannes iv
    successorlij iyasu (designated but uncrowned emperor of ethiopia)
    born(1844-08-17)17 august 1844
    angolalla, shewa, ethiopia
    died12 december 1913(1913-12-12) (aged 69)
    burial
    ba'eta le mariam monastery
    (now se'el bet kidane meheret church)
    addis ababa, ethiopia
    spousetaytu betul
    issuezewditu i
    shoa ragad
    wossen seged
    househouse of solomon
    fatherhaile melekot (king of shewa)
    mother ijigayehu adyam
    religionethiopian orthodox

    menelik ii gcb, gcmg (ge'ez: ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ; dagmäwi menelik [nb 1]; baptised as sahle maryam; 17 august 1844 – 12 december 1913) was emperor of ethiopia[nb 2] from 1889 to his death in 1913 and negus (king) of shewa (1866–89). at the height of his internal power and external prestige, the process of territorial expansion and creation of the modern empire-state was completed by 1898;[1] menelik was also remembered for leading ethiopian troops against the kingdom of italy in the first italo-ethiopian war, where menelik scored a decisive victory at the battle of adwa.

    ethiopia was transformed under emperor menelik: the major signposts of modernisation with the help of key ministerial advisors, such as gäbre-heywät baykädañ, were put in place.[2] externally, menelik’s victory over the italian invaders earned him great fame: following the battle of adwa, recognition of ethiopia's independence by external powers was expressed in terms of diplomatic representation at his court and delineation of ethiopia's boundaries with the adjacent colonies.[1] menelik expanded his kingdom to the south and east, into kaffa, sidama, wolayta and other kingdoms.[3][4] he is widely called "emiye menelik"[nb 3] in ethiopia for his forgiving nature and his unselfish deeds for the poor.

    later in his reign, menelik established the first cabinet of ministers to help in the administration of the empire, appointing trusted and widely respected nobles and retainers to the first ministries.[citation needed] these ministers would remain in place long after his death, serving in their posts through the brief reign of lij iyasu and into the reign of empress zewditu. they also played a key role in deposing lij iyasu.

  • early life
  • king of shewa
  • succession
  • consolidation of power and defeat of the italians
  • developments during menelik's reign
  • personal life and death
  • notable quotes
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Emperor Menelik II.png
Emperor of Ethiopia
Reign10 March 1889 – 12 December 1913
Coronation3 November 1889
PredecessorYohannes IV
SuccessorLij Iyasu (designated but uncrowned Emperor of Ethiopia)
Born(1844-08-17)17 August 1844
Angolalla, Shewa, Ethiopia
Died12 December 1913(1913-12-12) (aged 69)
Burial
Ba'eta Le Mariam Monastery
(now Se'el Bet Kidane Meheret Church)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
SpouseTaytu Betul
IssueZewditu I
Shoa Ragad
Wossen Seged
HouseHouse of Solomon
FatherHaile Melekot (King of Shewa)
Mother Ijigayehu Adyam
ReligionEthiopian Orthodox

Menelik II GCB, GCMG (Ge'ez: ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ; Dagmäwi Menelik [nb 1]; baptised as Sahle Maryam; 17 August 1844 – 12 December 1913) was Emperor of Ethiopia[nb 2] from 1889 to his death in 1913 and Negus (King) of Shewa (1866–89). At the height of his internal power and external prestige, the process of territorial expansion and creation of the modern empire-state was completed by 1898;[1] Menelik was also remembered for leading Ethiopian troops against the Kingdom of Italy in the First Italo-Ethiopian War, where Menelik scored a decisive victory at the Battle of Adwa.

Ethiopia was transformed under Emperor Menelik: the major signposts of modernisation with the help of key ministerial advisors, such as Gäbre-Heywät Baykädañ, were put in place.[2] Externally, Menelik’s victory over the Italian invaders earned him great fame: following the Battle of Adwa, recognition of Ethiopia's independence by external powers was expressed in terms of diplomatic representation at his court and delineation of Ethiopia's boundaries with the adjacent colonies.[1] Menelik expanded his kingdom to the south and east, into Kaffa, Sidama, Wolayta and other kingdoms.[3][4] He is widely called "Emiye Menelik"[nb 3] in Ethiopia for his forgiving nature and his unselfish deeds for the poor.

Later in his reign, Menelik established the first Cabinet of Ministers to help in the administration of the Empire, appointing trusted and widely respected nobles and retainers to the first Ministries.[citation needed] These ministers would remain in place long after his death, serving in their posts through the brief reign of Lij Iyasu and into the reign of Empress Zewditu. They also played a key role in deposing Lij Iyasu.

Other Languages
العربية: منليك الثاني
asturianu: Menelik II
беларуская: Менелік II
čeština: Menelik II.
Deutsch: Menelik II.
Ελληνικά: Μενελίκ Β΄
español: Menelik II
euskara: Menelik II.a
فارسی: منلیک دوم
français: Menelik II
galego: Menelik II
hrvatski: Menelik II.
Bahasa Indonesia: Menelik II dari Etiopia
íslenska: Menelik 2.
italiano: Menelik II
Kiswahili: Menelik II.
Latina: Menelik II
Nederlands: Menelik II
日本語: メネリク2世
Nordfriisk: Menelik II.
occitan: Menelik II
polski: Menelik II
русский: Менелик II
Simple English: Menelik II
slovenščina: Menelik II.
српски / srpski: Менелик II
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Menelik II
suomi: Menelik II
svenska: Menelik II
Türkçe: II. Menelik
українська: Менелік II