Mehdi Bazargan

Mehdi Bazargan
Portrait of Mehdi Bazargan - 70s.jpg
46th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
4 February 1979 – 6 November 1979[a]
DeputyEbrahim Yazdi
Mostafa Chamran
Hashem Sabbaghian
Abbas Amir-Entezam
Sadeq Tabatabaei
Preceded byShapour Bakhtiar
Succeeded byMohammad-Ali Rajai
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 April 1979 – 12 April 1979
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byKarim Sanjabi
Succeeded byEbrahim Yazdi
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980 – 28 May 1984
ConstituencyTehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority1,447,316 (68%)
Personal details
BornMehdi Bazargan
1 September 1907
Tehran, Iran
Died20 January 1995(1995-01-20) (aged 87)
Zurich, Switzerland
Resting placeQom, Iran
Political party
Spouse(s)Malak Tabatabayi
Children5, including Abdolali
Alma mater
WebsiteOfficial website
  1. ^ The office has been disputed between him and Shapour Bakhtiar from 4 February to 11 February 1979.

Mehdi Bazargan (Persian: مهدی بازرگان‎; 1 September 1907 – 20 January 1995) was an Iranian scholar, academic, long-time pro-democracy activist and head of Iran's interim government, making him Iran's first prime minister after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He resigned his position as prime minister in November 1979, in protest at the US Embassy takeover and as an acknowledgement of his government's failure in preventing it.[2]

He was the head of the first engineering department of University of Tehran. A well-respected religious intellectual, known for his honesty[3] and expertise in the Islamic and secular sciences, he is credited with being one of the founders of the contemporary intellectual movement in Iran.

Early life and education

A young Bazargan

Bazargan was born into an Azerbaijani family[4][5] in Tehran on 1 September 1907.[6][7] His father, Hajj Abbasqoli Tabrizi (died 1954) was a self-made merchant and a religious activist in Bazaar guilds.[6]

Bazargan went to France to receive university education through an Iranian government scholarship during the reign of Reza Shah.[8] He attended Lycée Georges Clemenceau in Nantes and was a classmate of Abdollah Riazi Bazargan then studied thermodynamics and engineering at the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures (École Centrale Paris).[9][10][11]

Other Languages
العربية: مهدي بازركان
azərbaycanca: Mehdi Bazərgan
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Махдзі Базарган
français: Mehdi Bazargan
Bahasa Indonesia: Mehdi Bazargan
italiano: Mehdi Bazargan
Malagasy: Mehdi Bazargan
Nederlands: Mehdi Bazargan
português: Mehdi Bazargan
Simple English: Mehdi Bazargan
Türkçe: Mehdi Bezirgan
українська: Мехді Базарган
Tiếng Việt: Mehdi Bazargan