The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbour the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of
Mega diversity means exhibiting great diversity. The main criteria for megadiverse countries is endemism at the level of species, genera and families. A megadiverse country must have at least 5,000 species of endemic plants and must border marine ecosystems.
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are :
On 18 February 2002, the Ministers in charge of the Environment and the Delegates of
At the same time, they agreed to meet periodically, at the ministerial and expert levels, and decided that upon the conclusion of each annual Ministerial Meeting, the next rotating host country would take on the role of Secretary of the group, to ensure its continuity, the further development of cooperation among these countries, and to reach the various agreements and objectives. Later, in 2010, Guatemala and Iran were also included in the list.
The current member countries of the Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries organisation are as follows, in alphabetical order: